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Age of Exploration

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Nosies Project

on 11 January 2014

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Transcript of Age of Exploration

Used Military to capture Malacca
Opened trade with China
Controlled trade shipments to Europe and most of Southeast Asia
Enforced a monopoly in the Spice Islands
Used military to achieve trading goals
In Mughal India
1602: Dutch East India company
Wasn't controlled by the government
Company had great amount of power
Could build armies
Go to war
Make treaties
Govern overseas territory
Dutch East India Company dominated region
How did the Age of Exploration bring people out of the dark ages?
Ali McGee
Faye Nie
Samuel Bekele
Bailey Graham

The Age of Exploration
3 G's: God, Gold, Glory
Religious purposes
Desire to save souls
Quick routes to Asia
Obtain spices
Conquest and colonization
Knowledge of the World (size, people, culture)
Insufficient geographic knowledge
The "dangerous" ocean
Conditions on ships/Supplies
Diseases and nutrition deficiency
Sailing weather
Exploration brought humans out of the dark ages by exposing people to new ideas and regions of the "New World." People had contact with new knowledge and things they have never had contact with before.
Vasco da Gama
July 1497: Led 4 ships, crew of 170 men
Cape of Good Hope -> Indian Ocean
September 1499: Came back to Lisbon with spices from the East
Portugal: Sea Power
Relied on sea power
West Africa to China trade
Trading instead of conquering
Success had to do with geography
Impacted New World
Diseases, cultural losses, introduction of new animals
Introduction of new crops to Spain (corn & potatoes)
Population grew
Technological advancements
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
September 1, 1513: Spanish settlement of Santa Maria de la Antigua
Lead first european expedition into Pacific
Left with 200 men & 1,000 Indians
Crossed isthmus of Panama
Climbed to peak of mountain, saw the "South Sea"
4 days later, reached Pacific, claimed all lands touching for Spain
1520s: Spain allowed Pizarro to conquer Inca Empire
1531: Conquered Inca Empire of Peru
Did by kidnapping Inca emperor
Gold/silver deposit found, poured back into Spain
Spain: Conquest & Colonization
Instead of Trade, Spain into conquest and colonization
Turned Spain into one of worlds most powerful and wealthiest countries
Gold and Silver
Francesco Pizarro
Ferdinand Magellan
The Age of Discovery: A time when human beings ventured out farther into the world, in search of new knowledge and land.

Takes place from about 1400s-1600s

Mostly European exploration
King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella
The Spanish
Spain was interested in increasing the size of their empire, discovering riches, and expanding Christianity.
Ferdinand Magellan
Strait of Magellan
Stopped at port San Julian
Led by few captains, crew rebelled against legal authority
Magellan solved by killing one captain, leaving other one behind
Searched for strait along South American Coast
Found strait at southern tip (Now called the "Strait of Magellan")
About a month of travel through the Strait of Magellan
November 1520: Came upon a huge ocean
Magellan named it Mar Pacifico (The Pacific Ocean)
Took 3 months to cross Pacific
Magellan recorded:
"we were three month and twenty days without refreshments from any kind of fresh food...We drank yellow water already many days putrid...and often we ate sawdust. Rats were sold for half a ducat apiece, and even so we could not always get them."
After crossing Pacific, arrived at Guam
Sailed from there to island Cebu
Befriended the locals

Was able to trade, stocked up cloves
Made way back to Spain
September 6, 1522: One ship returned to Spain, the Victoria
Had spices and only 18 original men
The people of Cebu asked for his help to fight Mactan
Magellan agreed, lead battle
Thought if would be easy using weapons on his ship
Shot with poison arrow, finished off with spear, died April 27, 1521
Remaining ships reached Moluccas
European geographic knowledge expanded
Discovered a strait through South America
Discovered a massive ocean
Found world was much larger than previously thought

Magellan never actually circumnavigated the globe, he died before he got the chance.
1520 Magellan found strait
Out of fear one crew forced captain to return to Spain
3 out of 5 ships remaining (one previously destroyed in a storm)

Bartolomeu Dias
The Portuguese
"So, it was natural for the Portuguese to ride the first wave of the age of exploration." -Steven Kreis, The History Guide
Vasco da Gama
Difficult Trade with India
Arabs dominated trade with India
India unwilling to trade with Portuguese
Saw European goods as inferior
Vasco da Gama only got about a shipload of spices
Over a year to get back
Lost 2 of 4 ships,126 of 170 men
Portugal's king passed away
10 years before Vaso da Gama sent to India
Cape of Good Hope (Africa) lost a ship
Arabs already trading with India
Prince Henry the Navigator
End Note
1521: Across the Pacific Ocean
1521: Magellan's Final Battle
1522: First to Circumnavigate the Earth
End Note
1519: Beginning of Magellan's Voyage
1520: The Strait of Magellan
Serious about exploring in1400's
Searching for where Arabs were getting gold (through Sahara)
Reluctant to cross equator
Fear of warmer waters & North Star disappearing
Fear of sea monsters, rumors and stories about them
Few miles off coast
1434: 15 voyagers turned back before an expedition
1440's: Portuguese traveled to Africa, engaged in slave trade
Saw a possibility of reaching India from Africa
Magellan believed:
Sail west to Indies
Find strait or channel through South America
It would connect Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
Which meant a route to Asia
Spain sponsored voyage
September 20, 1519: Magellan left Spain, 5 ships, ~250 men
French and English took interest in finding way around Africa
Portuguese captains were traveling farther
Diego Cao explored ~1500 miles off coastline
1487: Bartolomeu Dias tried to find way around Africa to India
Would have reached India, but crew mutinied our of fear of sea monsters
Forced to turn back
Proved circumnavigating Africa was possible
Starting Again
<upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2b/Retrato_de_Vasco_da_Gama.png> 27 Oct. 2013.
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<upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/95/Columbus_Taking_Possession.jpg> 27 Oct. 2013
Dutch East India Company
First ones brave enough to explorer
Proved things true, and many myths false
Gave people new knowledge
Advance in technology: Explorers -> Mapmakers -> Explorers
Started a "wave" of exploration
Rulers of Spain
Major sponsors of exploration
Encouraged many famous Spanish explorers
Liked conquest and colonization
<www.biyografim.net/images/person/orjinal/Bartolomeu_Dias2_yasamoykusu.jpeg> 27 Oct. 2013.
<upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Gonzalo_Pizarro_Alonso.jpg> 27 Oct. 2013
<2.bp.blogspot.com/-HDaxw3hPxDc/T8RFL1_I4dI/AAAAAAAAAB4/jTHJNTdio90/s1600/dutch+east+india+company.jpg> 27 Oct. 2013
<2.bp.blogspot.com/-CwrXE11gH2k/TeTbLyWgYNI/AAAAAAAACIQ/VxBMYfApBOg/s1600/Sea-Monsters2.jpg> 29 Oct. 2013
<www.spacedaily.com/images-lg/gold-silver-nuggets-lg.jpg> 27 Oct. 2013.
<www.biography.com/imported/images/Biography/Images/Profiles/M/Ferdinand-Magellan-9395202-1-402.jpg> 27 Oct. 2013
<3.bp.blogspot.com/-QMNm2RpZbLg/UTOvU-X1nSI/AAAAAAAAECk/26qaJLdxTfg/s1600/Magellan+Strait_map+copy.jpg> 27 Oct. 2013
<pennyinparadise.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/vasconunezdebalboa.jpeg> 27 Oct. 2013.
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Exploration impacted the world greatly. Not only did it bring people out of the Dark Ages, exploration also opened up a path for exchanges. Whether it was exchanges in goods, culture, diseases, crops, or animals, without the Age of Exploration, life wouldn't be the same.
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/Henry_the_Navigator1.jpg> 27 Oct. 2013
1418: Started first school for oceanic navigation
1419: Funded interested sailors
Find way around Africa to India (unsuccessful)
West African Coast, gold and slave trade
1444: 200 slaves to Portugal
Death, exploration slow for ~20 years
<http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-z38l6vLgd7Y/URmeFaAtUSI/AAAAAAAAQ6k/kkK5kbHgwig/s1600/magellan_14728_lg.gif> 29 Oct. 2013
<http://e08595.medialib.glogster.com/media/91/9165bdde852230608a3f9cb19e9526737691e4716592084d7e458f396f2abecf/magellan-route-png.png> 29 Oct. 2013
Works Cited
Ali McGee
Butler, Chris. "Early Voyages of Exploration (1400 - 1550)." The Flow of History. The Flow of History, 2007. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://www.flowofhistory.com/units/west/12/fc81>.

Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor, et al. World History - The Modern Era. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc., 2011. Print.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, a.d. 500-1600. USA: Oxford University Press, 1993. Print.

Morison, Samuel Eliot, John H. Parry, and David B. Quinn. "Expansion of North America." History. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 1991. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/exploration-of-north-america>.

Perry, John H. The Spanish Seaborne Empire. US: University of California Press, 1990. Print.

Quinn, David B. England and the Discovery of America. NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974. Print.

Faye Nie
The Age of Exploration. Teachers' Curriculum Institute, n.d. Web. 6 Oct. 2013. <http://info.teachtci.com/resources/ha/AgeofExploration.pdf>.

Aronson, Marc, and John W. Glenn. The World Made New: Why the Age of Exploration Happened & How It Changed the World. Washington D.C.: National Geographic, 2007. Print.

Bautista, Joan, and Antonio Pigafetta. "First Circumnavigation of the Globe; Magellan Reaches the Ladrones and Philippines." A.D. 1519. The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol 9. Harrogate, TN: The National Alunmi, 1926. World Book Advanced. Web. 11 Oct. 2013. Print. <http://www.worldbookonline.com>

Bergreen, Laurence. "Magellan: Missing in Action." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Oct. 2013. <https://www.gilderlehrman.org>.

Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor, and Anthony Esler. Prentice Hall World History: The Modern Era. Boston: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005. Print.

Kreis, Steven. "Lecture 2: The Age of Discovery." The History Guide. N.p., 2 May 2011. Web. 2 Oct. 2013. <http://www.historyguide.org/earlymod/lecture2c.html>.

Widmer, Ted. "Navigating the Age of Exploration." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Oct. 2013. <https://www.gilderlehrman.org>.

Bailey Graham
Aronson, Marc, and John W. Glenn. The World Made New: Why the Age of Exploration Happened & How It Changed the World. Washington D.C.: National Geographic, 2007. Print.
"The Great Explorers." TimeRef.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. <http://www.timeref.com/thr00024.htm>.

Kjellgren, Eric. "European Exploration of the Pacific, 1600–1800." Metmuseum.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/expa/hd_expa.htm>.

Mrnussbaum.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2013. <http://mrnussbaum.com/explorers/age/>.
Quizlet.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2013. <http://quizlet.com/6482766/european-explorers-in-the-age-of-exploration-flash-cards/>.

Webb, Robert. "1450 – 1750 Age of Exploration." K12.ct.us. N.p., 2005. Web. 18 Oct. 2013. <http://www2.newcanaan.k12.ct.us/education/components/scrapbook/default.php?sectiondetailid=5152top>.

Sam Bekele
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