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Old Testament Timeline

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Alexander Barrett

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of Old Testament Timeline

Creation/Primeval History Important Events Important Figures ~4000B.C.-2000B.C. Creation
Fall of Man
Cain murders Abel
Noah and the Flood
Job's Suffering
Tower of Babel God
Adam and Eve
Cain and Abel
Noah 4000B.C. 3000B.C. 2000B.C. The Age of the Patriarchs 2000B.C.-1600B.C Important Events Important Figures Egyptian Captivity and Deliverance Joshua/Judges Period United and Divided Monarchy Old Testament Prophets Post-Exilic Period God makes covenant with Abraham
Joseph sold into Egyptian slavery
Joseph Rises to power
Israelites relocate to Egypt Abraham
Joseph 1599B.C. - 1407B.C Important Events Important Figures Important Events Important Figures Important Events Important Events Important Events Important Figures Important Figures Important Figures Sources HIll & Walton. A Survey History of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009.
Walton, John H., Chronological and Background Charts of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.
Earle, Arthur. The Bible Dates Itself. Southhampton: Earle Publishing, 1974. 1406B.C - 1051B.C 1050B.C - 586B.C. Isaiah
739B.C - 430B.C Ezekiel in the land of the Dry Bones
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego
Daniel in the Lions Den
Jonah and the Whale

Saul Becomes king.
David defeats Philistine Goliath
David becomes king
David and Bathsheba
Solomon asks for wisdom as king
Judah and Israel Split 961B.C 537B.C - 400B.C 1600B.C 1400B.C. 1000B.C. 600B.C. 500B.C. 400B.C Pharaoh gives order to kill firstborn Hebrew sons
Moses smuggled from infanticide
God speaks to Moses through Burning Bush
10 plagues
Moses delivers Israelites from Egypt(Exdus)
Moses receives ten commandments
Israelites wander in the wilderness for forty years
Joshua given control of Israelites.
Israelites conquer and settle in Palestine
Ruth, Naomi, and Boaz
Samuel Isreal conquers most of palestine under Joshua
Israel falls to evil and iniquity
Story of Ruth
Isreal delivered and rebuked in cycle of Judges
Samson and Delilah Saul
Rebuilding of the Temple in Israel
Ezra reads the Law
Nehemiah re-institutes the Law Haggai
Cain murdering Abel is the first recorded murder in Biblical history Through the story of Job, we can see how righteousness for righteousness sake is a legitimate method of living. Satan didn't believe Job would still believe if all his blessing were taken away. This helps explain why bad things happen to good people. All in all, Job was tested and he passed. Humanity had gotten evil and out of control. God became enraged at their sin. So much so, that he sent a flood to wipe them from the Earth. Only one man was judged to be holy enough to carry on for humanity. That man was Noah. The story of the Tower of Babel explains how there are many races and languages among humanity when, at least from Noah, there was unity of race and language. It was people's wanting to physically and not spiritually reach God that was their undoing. God's covenant with Abraham is the third covenant God made with man. The first was in the Garden of Eden and the second was sealed with a rainbow after the flood. God's covenant with Abraham required faith in its barest sense. Abraham likely questioned his sanity, but because he trusted God, he was blessed. Joseph was the youngest of twelve brothers. His father, Jacob, considered him to be a special blessing from God and was treated as such. He was exempt from the physical labor of his brothers so they became very jealous. They sold him into slavery where he was able to use his book knowledge to become a respected server in the house of pharaoh. Using a gift of dream interpretation from God, he was able to predict and save Egypt from a seven year famine. After hearing his brothers were repentant for what they had done to him, he brought they, his father, and a few more Israelites into Egypt to live. Moses was delivered from Pharaoh's decree by being set afloat in a basket on the Nile river. He was picked up by a servant in the hous of Pharoh. He was raised as an Egyptian. After he was made aware that he wasn't truly an Egyptian, he fled to the desert where he found refuge among the Midianites. Here, Moses encounters the Burning bush and is given the mission to deliver his people from Egyptian captivity. God hardened Pharaohs heart such that he would not give up the Hebrews easily. God sent ten plagues to antagonize Egypt and Pharaoh. He did not let the Hebrews go until the final plague resulted in the death of his son. Pharaoh let the Hebrews go, but soon regretted his decision. He chased after them to the Red Sea. God sent a pillar of fire to protect them from Pharaoh's army while Moses parted the sea so they could cross. The Hebrews made it to the other side just as the pillar of fire let up. Pharaoh's army rushed in after them and the sea collapsed on top of them. God had delivered the Israelites. Moses settled the Israelites at the bottom of Mount Sinai as he was called to go up by God. As he was receiving the ten commandments, Aaron succumbed to temptation and fashioned a golden calf for the people to worship. When Moses came back down, he was so angry at what he saw that he broke the stone tablets upon which the ten commandments were written and burned the golden calf. Moses was forbidden to enter the promised land so he and God appointed Joshua as military leader as they began to conquest and carve out the land for themselves. Under the leadership of Joshua, the Israelites conquered most of palestine.When the Israelites followed God's commands concerning battle or otherwise. Where they didn't heed God's commands, they failed in their military exploits Ruth was the daughter-law to Naomi who had just become widowed. Naomi was originally a Moabite who had moved because of her husband. Now she wanted to move back. Ruth had a choice of whether she was going to stay with the only family she had left, or stay with the land she was familliar with. In an act of love, Ruth decided to stay with Naomi and adopt her way of life. When they got to Moab, Ruth went to glean in te fields of Boaz who was a wealthy grain farmer. Boaz took notice of her and decided to marry her. Samson was a Judge of Israel who possessed great strength. The Bible gives one account of Samson killing a horde of men with just a donkey's jawbone. Samson was the only thing keeping the Philistines at bay from aggressive action toward the Israelites. Samson fell for a woman named Delilah who was sent to deceive him into revealing the source of his strength. After a few failed attempts where Samson taunted Delilah with deceptive answers, Samson eventually gave away the source of his strength which turned out to be his hair. Delilah and the Philistines cut it off in the night and took him as prisoner. Samson was able to muster enough strength from what hair had grown back later to push down the structural columns of the philistine temple killing them and himself. Israel was still at war with the Philistines. In this particular battle, David's father and brothers were at the Israelite camp where the two sides were stalemated by a ridiculing challenge coming from the giant known as Goliath. He challenged any of the Israelites to come and face him lest they be cowards. David had brought some supplies from home to his brothers as he was too young to fight. He heard the jeers of the Giant and expressed a desire to try to fight him. Saul agreed and sent him out with just a sling. Goliath mocked what seemed to be an insult coming from the Israelites. David managed to kill Goliath with his slingshot and cut off his head to scare the Philistines away. David became well known and loved. David had become King of Israel. While his army was away fighting a battle, David spied a woman bathing from his roof. He lusted after this woman. He found out who she was. She was Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite. David did evil and slept with her. She returned home and some short time late sent word to David that she was pregnant. David told his general that Uriah was to be put on the front line of the next engagement with the intention that he be killed. It was so, and Uriah was killed. Effectively, David, the King of Israel, committed adultery and murdered to cover it up. Solomon was the next King of Israel appointed by David himself. Solomon knew the size of the shoes he was filling. One of his first orders of business was to plead with God for wisdom and a discerning heart. God granted him these things. One of the most memorable displays of this God-given wisdom was in settling a dispute between two women who claimed to be the mother of a baby. Solomon thought of a gimmick to reveal who was the real mother. He grabbed a sword from one of his guards and said that the issue would be settled by cutting the baby in half. One of the women seemed appeased by this solution, but the other cried out for the life of the child. Then Solomon knew who was the real mother by who actually cared for the life of the child. Ezekiel the prophet had a dream that he was in a valley of dry bones. The bible tells us the bones were quite dry. Ezekiel is in the presence of the Lord. The lord asked Ezekiel if the bones could live on their own accord. Ezekiel deferred to the Lord and God told him to prophesy to the bones that God commands them to live. Ezekiel did so and the bones animated with flesh, skin, and, later, breath. God was illustrating to Ezekiel that Israel was very much like the dry bones. Very dry. Ezekiel was charged with prophesying to Isreal and commanding them to live once again. In the days of King Nebuchadnezzar, there were three men named Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. These men feared the lord and worshiped only him. Nebuchadnezzar mad e a Gold statue of himself and declared that once a day that everyone bow down to it. Every day the people of the city bowed, except for Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Soon reports of this came in and Nebuchadnezzar was furious. He sent for them to be brought to him at his palace. In the room, there was a fiery furnace. Nebuchadnezzar commanded that it be made seven times hotter after the three refused to bow before him or his statue. They were thown into the fire. One of the guards remarked that, although they had thrown three men into the fire, there were four that they could see and they were all unscathed. God had protected Shadach, Meshach, and Abednego. Daniel was an administrator for the King Darius. He was one of the finest administrators Darius had. This made the other administrators jealous. They tried to find fault in him to report to the king. They found none. They knew he worshiped God, and tried to use that against him as they appealed to Darius' kingship telling him that Daniel was supplanting it with his own personal king. They succeeded in having darius outlaw the worship of anyone but him for thirty days in which they were sure they would find Daniel praising God. The punishment for this was to be thrown into the den of lions. Sure enough, the other administrators caught Daniel and reported him to Darius. Darius reluctantly sent David to the den knowing he had been tricked into losing one of his best administrators. Daniel was thrown in to be eaten and left there overnight. When the morning came and Darius chaecked on him, he was amazed to see Daniel unscathed. Angels had come down and held the lions mouths shut. At this, Darius had imediate respect for the God that had delivered Daniel out of this and decreed that Daniel's God be the God of all the land.
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