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forest in Thailand

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park ji won

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of forest in Thailand

Forests in Thailand! Future Directions. Research, extension, monitoring and capacity building Providing balanced information
and raising awareness Providing justified and adequate support to investments in forest plantations Map of Forests in Thailand Development Climate Influenced by the southwestern
and northeastern monsoons
3 distinct seasons Average
temperature Annual rainfall Economy contribution of the forestry
sector to GDP declined imposition of the logging ban in 1989 relative importance of agriculture decreased from 28.9 percent in 1970 to 11.5 percent in 1999 Changes in forest areas and agricultural land conflicts arose among the different state organizations regarding the utilization of forest lands unstable and vague policies, poor law enforcement, forest encroachment
WHY? strong opposition to forest plantation development by non-governmental organizations poor administration by government organizations
Current forest production and conservation policies
The National Forest Policy (1989)
40 percent of the total land area should be covered by forests. Seventh National Economic and Social Development Plan (1992-1997) Ninth National Economic and Social Development Plan (2002-2006) Agricultural Development Plan stresses the conservation and rehabilitation of 30 percent of the total area of the country promotes productive forest plantations,
private plantations and community forestry
covering an area of 5.12 million ha Sucess Rate Phase I: National forest abundance (between 1906 and 1960)
Phase II: Forest exploitation until the imposition of the logging ban (between 1960 and 1989)

Phase III: After the logging ban (1989-present) Measures Taken direct incentives types impacts Government support
Reforestation and Extension Project in the Northeast of Thailand (REX), initiated in 1991 Private Reforestation Extension Project (PREP),
initiated in 1994 Fast Growing Trees Reforestation Project, initiated in 1994 Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF) for forest plantations, initiated in 1998 Forest production & food conservation policies silvicultural research division has been responsible for research on tree improvement, seed tree management, forest plantation and forest soil.
government's effort was not paid off poor grasp of relevant regulations and policies
inadequate knowledge of plantation establishment
Forest Product Research Division
focus its acitivities on forest product development
Impediments (obstacles) Lack of clear policy statement on forest plantations Re-afforestation Act of 1992 was designed to support private reforestation no clear strategy for forest plantation development since the late 1980s, forest plantation development has been negatively affected by environmental and social concerns over monoculture platations.
due to negative impacts of eucalyptus, plantation still projects a negative image
promotion of forest plantation development needs to be accompanied by the dissemination of balanced information on the potentials of tree growing, and the positive and negative impacts they can have in certain localities great diversity among potential investors in tree growing
small-scale investors and large-scale commerical investors have different needs
certain cases, growing trees may not be inherently unprofitable
incentive schemes should be tailored to the needs of different groups of investors. Small-scale investors, as individuals or as cooperatives, are probably best supported by direct cash payments REX Reforestation activities were to
be carried out by local people.
PREP Farmers were advised to plant at least 1 250 trees/ha and selected species had to be one of 46 species listed by the RFD
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