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Graphic Design Terms

By Sarah Jacobson and Spencer Gosewisch
by

Sarah Jacobson

on 12 April 2013

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Transcript of Graphic Design Terms

Graphic Graphic By: Sarah Jacobson Terms We File Extensions Make Your Own T-Shirt AI EPS PDF SWF JPEG TIFF RAW GIF BMP PNG PSD SVG WEBP Adobe Illustrator file Encapsulated PostScript ShockWave Flash File Portable Document Format Joint Photographic Experts Group Tagged Image File Format Graphic Image File Image Alchemy HIS
Temporary Raw Bitemap Bite Map Picture Portable Network Graphics Photoshop Document Scalable Vector Graphics Web Press Corp Lossless MAKE USE Adobe Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, Acrobat XI, Photoshop, Reader, and Debut, Inkscape, Serif DrawPlus X5, IMSI TurboCAD Deluxe 20 (or vs7), ACD Systems Canvas 14, CorelDRAW Graphics Suite X6, IdeaMK Ai Viewer, Apple Previewer, sK1 Advantages/Disadvantages Other Details... & Spencer Gosewisch Raster Format Graphics Vector Format Graphics Lossless Compression Lossy Compression Lossy Compression is prepared to lose "unnecessary" information to make smaller sizes, leaving it unable to recreate the original image. Lossless Compression which is an editable format where it let's you recreate your original image Raster Format Graphics are the most common image file. Web and Digital photos are stored as these. Each of these graphics consists of a grid of pixels where each pixel represents a specific color in the image. Vector Format Graphics are made up of paths that can represent lines and shapes within the image which gives them the ability to enlarge an image without losing quality. Images include gradients, colors, and image effects. A- Saved in vector format (no loss quality) D- Not easily transferable to different programs Mostly used for the exchange of 2D objects A- Simple to write D- Files can become too big which causes it to render slowly Is a simplified subset of EPS MIME type: application/postscript Lossless MAKE USE Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator, Acrobat XI, Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, InDesign, CoralDRAW Graphic Suites, Paintshop Pro, WordPerfect Offices, Microsoft Word, ACD Systems Canvas, QuarkXPress, Scribus, Grasshopper PageStream, Design Science MathType Advantages/Disadvantages: Extra
Details... May contain 2D vector graphics, bitemap images, and text Used for transferring image data between different programs A- Used in many different programs A-Able to hold raster data D- Not a very good editing format D- Previews optional and nonstandard D- Only prints well from a PostScript printer, but may be flaky MAKE USE Adobe Flash, Flash Builder, After Effects, MXMLC Lossy/Lossless Adobe Flash Player, Flash Professional, Dreamweaver, Eltima SWF &FLV Player and Toolbox, Flash Decompiler Trillix, Xilisoft Video Converter Ultimate, GRETECH GOM Player, Media Player Classic, GlobFX Swiff Player, DCOMSOFT SWF Protector Advantages/Disadvantages Extra Details... May contain vector and raster graphics Dominant format for displayed animated vector graphics on the internet Small Web Format A- Can be viewed online using free plug-in A- Can contain video, sound, and vector based animations A- Designed to work efficiently on the web Over 99% of internet users have an SWF plug-in installed MAKE USE Adobe Acrobat Advantages/Disadvantages: A- Designed to contain entire pages of graphics, type, vector shapes, and layout Lossy Extra Details... attempts to freeze the appearance of a document and make the document scalable A- preserve fonts and formatting electronically across many platforms and appear the same on the screen as they will when printed on paper D- May carry viruses/spam Adobe Acrobat, Reader, Foxit Reader, Sumatra PDF, Corel WordPerfect Office, Nuance PDF Converter, LULU Soda PDF, Solid PDF Tools, Informative Graphics Brava! Reader, LibreOffice, Google Chrome, Firefox, web browser with Adobe Reader plug-in Lossy MAKE USE Advantages/Disadvantages Extra Details... Joint Photographic Experts Group D: Shouldn't edit these photos because of low quality A: small file space D: Compression involves data loss and degradation Microsoft Windows Photos, Photo Viewer, Adobe Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, Illustrator, ACD Systems Canvas and ACDSee, Nuance PaperPort, OmniPage, CorelDRAW Graphics Suite, PaintShop Pro, Roxio Creater NXT Pro, Internet Explorer, Firefox, any web browser or picture viewer Mostly used for internet photos MIME type: image/jpeg JPEG standard actually has a lossless coding mode (not always supported) Lossless/Lossy MAKE USE Adobe Systems Advantages/Disadvantages A: Can hold almost any resolution, color scheme, etc. D: Can't hold vector data D: Large file sizes Extra Details... Most widely used format for photos in prepress world Less complicated than EPS Can hold lossy and lossless images A: Files may be edited and re-saved without losing quality Desktop Publishing; Microsoft Windows Phtotos, Windows Photo Viewer, CorelDRAW Graphics Suite, PaintShop Pro, Adobe Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, Illustrator, ACD Systems ACDSee and Canvas, Nuance PapaerPort, Omnipage, Roxio Creator NXT Pro, GIMP Supports up to 24-bit color Lossless MAKE USE Advantages/Disadvantages Extra Details... D: Can only hold up to 256 colors in an image GIF is a common format for Web Graphics GIFs can be animated and saved as animated GIFs Microsoft Windows Photos, Photo Viewer, Adobe Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, Illustrator, CorelDRAW Graphics Suite, PaintShop Pro, ACD Systems Canvas and ACDSee, Nuance PaperPort and OmniPage, Roxio Creator NXT, picture/web browser, GIMP CompuServe D: Cannot reproduce color photos or other images with continuous color because of color limitation A: Supports animations A: Ability to use transparent pixels to blend with background D: Transparent pixels cannot be faded MAKE USE Digital Cameras, Image Generation Software Adobe Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, Corel PaintShop Pro, ACD Systems ACDSee and Canvas, Google Picasa, Raw Therapee, Microsoft Windows Photos, GIMP Lossless Advantages/Disadvantages: Extra Details... MAKE USE Advantages/Disadvantages: Extra Details... Terms Design Design A: Simple file format
A: Widely supported by Window's programs
A: Very common and well supported
D: Simple format makes is inefficient for complex images Windows Standard file storage for Windows Even though it is the Windows standard format, it is widely supported by other OS
Bitmap images are uncompressed Lossless Most raw images are lossless, however, some cameras use lossy compression A: High resolution and quality due to it's unprocessed nature
D: Large file size
D: Not widely supported by other programs Lossless USE MAKE MAKE USE MAKE USE Most used lossless image compression format on the internet PNG was created to be an improved replacement for GIF Extra Details Advantages/Disadvantages D: Does not support CMYK color Microsoft Windows Photos, Photo Viewer, Paint, Adobe Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, Illustrator, CorelDRAW Graphics Suite, PaintShop Pro, ACD Systems ACDSee, Canvas, Roxio Creator NXT Pro, Picture viewers and web browsers D: Cannot be animated like GIF files A: Include an 8-bit transparency channel (fade from opaque to transparent) unlike GIF A: Better compression than GIF Make Use Lossless Adobe Photoshop, Photoshop Elements, Illustrator, InDesign, Apple QuickTime Player, CorelDRAW Graphics Suite, Corel PaintShop Pro, Painter, ACD Systems ACDSee, Canvas, MAGIX Xara Designer Pro, GIMP, DXTBmp Adobe Photoshop Advantages/Disadvantages Extra Details Includes image and adjustment layers, layer masks, annotation notes, and file information (unlike JPG or GIF) A: Supports RGB, CMYK, grayscale, monochrome, duotone, indexed color, Lab color, and multichannel color modes A: Can convert to any different format A: No loss in image quality after numerous times of reopening/resaving D: Large files Adobe Photoshop's main format and popular working file Lossy/Lossless Adobe Illustrator, Flash Player, Flash Professional, InDesign, Microsoft Visio, CorelDRAW Graphics Suite, Corel PaintShop, Serif DrawPlus, Inkscape, web browsers World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Adobe Illustrator, GoLive Advantages/Disadvantages Extra Details XML based format A: Supports animation A: Allows both vector and raster graphics (plus text) A: Can be searched, indexed, scripted, and compressed A: Can be printed in high quality in any resolution Allows animation Can be created with any text editor Google Lossless/Lossy Extra Details Advantages/Disadvantages Google Chrome, Adobe Photoshop, Logipole Konvertor, Opera A: Downloads fast Reduces image file size (less than JPG) while still maintaining similar quality Supports animation A: Can be viewed more efficiently VP8 image data A: Supports lossless transparency
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