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Day of the Dead

ANT 360 - Class Presentation [Dia de los muertos]
by

A Bautista

on 1 November 2013

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Transcript of Day of the Dead

Day of the Dead
STAKERHOLDER
GROUPS
text
Core group: Mexican
HISTORY
Origins
RITUAL
ROLES IN
SOCIETY

As a large celebration to honor passed friends and family
As a day to communicate with departed souls
THEORETICAL
APPROACHES
Changes
Current Festival
2012
1521
1300-1500
It was a ritual the indigenous people had been practicing at least 3,000 years.
Celebrated by:
Aztecs
Mayans
Other Meso-American groups
They had two celebrations (from late July-early August)
Nov 2nd.
- feast of "All Souls" (established in the Roman Catholic calendar, in 13th c.)

Nov 1st.

- “All Saint’s Day” (established by Pope Gregory the 6th, in 19th c.)
Spanish conquered Mexico
Priest were sent to Mexico to destroy or incorporate as many of the early native rituals into Catholicism as possible.
The Spaniards would try unsuccessfully to eradicate the ritual.
Syncretism
They all merged
together and became
a the rich and unique festival.
For the Spaniards:
death as the end of life.

For the natives
: death as the continuation of life.
Instead of fearing death, they embraced it.
Life was a dream and only in death did they become truly awake.
Indian rituals of death
Catholic feast of all Soul’s Day
“All
Saint’s Day”
Day of the Dead
Nov. 1st
Nov. 2nd
Children spirits
are expected.
Adults' spirits
are expected.
Ritual
Altars
Symbols
2. Ueymicailhuitli:
Decitated to children.
Marigolds
Favorite Foods
Flowers
Evolutionism
Structural Functionalism
Symbolic
1. Miccailhuitonttli:
Decitated to adults.
or
Dia de los Muertos
Traditions
Build altars
Gifts
Fruits
Candles
Food
Pan
Muerto
de
Chicken
tamales
Atole
Skulls
Symbolize death and rebirth
Face painting
Dia de los Muertos or Day of the dead
Occurs on November 1st and 2nd
Celebration and Remembrance of the deceased
Mostly celebrated by Latin Americans
It’s a day of Celebration
Personal qualities
make occasion flexible
From Church
To the
People who participate in Day of the Dead festivities usually start with a mass honoring all souls.
Then later at night they commune in cemeteries to celebrate those departed
Cemetery
Nov 2nd
Nov 1st
What was Death?
Full transcript