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Gender Theorists

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by

Karen Griffiths

on 19 January 2016

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Transcript of Gender Theorists

Language and Gender
Is this how women talk?
WHO ELSE COULD WE CONSIDER?
Look at the list in front of you. Which do you agree with?
LAKOFF 1975
DEBORAH TANNEN
Analysing Casual Conversation by Eggins and Slade suggests that:
 
Women don’t tell ‘naughty’ stories.
 

Stories in which speakers show themselves in fearful, embarrassing or humiliating situations are far more likely to be told by women than men.


Male speakers seem to prefer to feature as heroes in stories which are about danger, violence, heroic deeds etc. In our culture men do not usually tell stories about their own fears and failures.
 

Women present a mundane world where problems can be shared, and usually where something is being ‘done’ to the protagonist rather than by the protagonist.
 

Women relate incidents in which they violate social morals and are scared or embarrassed as a result.
 

The purpose of narratives in women’s talk is to bind women together in sustaining and creating new worlds and in experimenting with possible selves.
WOMEN -
talk more than men,
talk too much,
are more polite,
are indecisive/hesitant,
complain and nag,
ask more questions,
support each other,
are more co-operative
KEITH AND SHUTTLEWORTH
Whereas:

MEN -
swear more,
don't talk about emotions,
talk about sport more,
talk about women and machines in the same way,
insult each other frequently,
are competitive in conversation,
dominate conversation,
speak with more authority,
give more commands,
interrupt more.
Hedge: using phrases like “sort of”, “kind of”, “it seems like”,and so on.
Use (super)polite forms: “Would you mind...”,“I'd appreciate it if...”, “...if you don't mind”.
Use tag questions: “You're going to dinner, aren't you?”
Use empty adjectives: divine, lovely, adorable, and so on
Use hypercorrect grammar and pronunciation: English prestige grammar and clear enunciation.
Use direct quotation: men paraphrase more often.
Have a special lexicon: women use more words for things like colours, men for sports.
Use question intonation in declarative statements: women make declarative statements into questions by raising the pitch of their voice at the end of a statement, expressing uncertainty.
Robin Lakoff (1975)
EXTENSION THEORIST
On your tables discuss her 6 'contrasts'
Can you identify evidence in THE CRUCIBLE?
Full transcript