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Synthesis Project "American Settlement and Independence

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by

Fletcher Knowles

on 16 September 2015

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Transcript of Synthesis Project "American Settlement and Independence

Age of Exploration
The Age of Exploration was a period of time that originated in Europe and encouraged powerful nations to explore and spread their way of life
The main countries who became involved were England, France, and Spain
Advances in navigation and also confident explorers such as
Sir Walter Raleigh
and Columbus were enthusiastic about spreading their way of life (God, Gold, and Glory)
Once these countries "discovered" the New World,
corporate colonies
popped up supplying their mother country with raw materials to sell and strengthen trade
The New World
Very soon, England gained large amounts of lands due to their English settlements
After some time, England finally established the beginning of a colony called Jamestown
It was located in Virginia and was led by
John Smith
Jamestown experienced a major food depletion when they first reached the New World but luckily John Smith established the presence of tobacco, ultimately saving the colony
Once Jamestown could produce a major cash crop, England began to send over indentured servants for free labor through the process of the
headright system
Rapid production in Jamestown influenced the economic policy of
mercantilism
and sparked the
Triangular Trade
French and Indian War
What was it?
A: A war that lasted seven years between the French soldiers and English settlers over land
Tensions Rise & Leading to Independence
Because of these unfair laws colonists became angry
Groups like the
Sons of Liberty
plotted against the British and caused massive boycotts and other rebellious deeds
Colonists also formed the
Stamp Act Congress
which was very successful and forced the British to repeal the Stamp Act
The
First Continental Congress
also occurred in which colonists attempted to extend peace towards Britain for the last time
Synthesis Project "American Settlement and Independence"
by: Fletcher Knowles (1st)
example of a caravel
example of the magnetic compass
example of an astrolabe
John Smith
Triangular Trade
Effects on the Colonies
Due to the war, England was in a ton of debt
Therefore they issued unfair taxes and laws on the colonists to make money
Stamp Act
: tax on all paper products
Quartering Act
: colonists had to take in British soldiers
Intolerable Acts
: closed Boston Harbor, extremely unfair and meant to punish Boston for the Boston Tea Party
Royal colonies
were meant to mainly represent the mother country
The Battle of Lexington and Concord
Regardless of the
Olive Branch Petition
, England knew that problems in America were getting out of hand
War officially began when British soldiers marched on the towns
Lexington and Concord
but were defeated by colonial miltia
Political leaders such as Benjamin Franklin released cartoons calling the colonists to band together
Thomas Paine also issued his pamphlet called "
Common Sense
" that gave hope to colonial troops
After the battle colonial leaders gathered together in the
Second Continental Congress
where they signed the
Declaration of Independence
and broke all ties with England
The Battle of Yorktown and End of War
The American Revolution finally ended with the
Battle of Yorktown
where colonists surrounded the last of the British troops, forcing them to surrender
Shortly after in 1783, colonists and the British signed the
Treaty of Paris
which allowed the colonists to be a free country
Full transcript