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Joseph Campbell's Hero Archetype

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Angela Willingham

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Joseph Campbell's Hero Archetype

Ordinary World The Hero Archetype Joseph Capbell's Hero With a Thousand Faces What is an archetype? An archetype is the original pattern or model of which all things of the same type are representations or copies. It is the "perfect" example. Special World I. Status Quo Examples A. This is where the hero is
when his/her journey
B. This is the only life the hero
has ever known.
C. Generally, there is something
unusual about his/her
1. He/she is often an orphan,
royalty, or both.
D. Heroes begin as ordinary
people (no super
powers ...etc.) Odysseus is the ruler of Ithaca.

Batman is an orphan. II. Call to Adventure Examples A. The hero is called to
adventure, usually by a
messenger, challenge or a
traumatic event.
B. A lot of times, the hero does
not want to leave at first. Odysseus pretends to be crazy
when the messenger comes to call him to the Trojan War.

Batman's parents are murdered, which sends him on his journey. III. Assistance Examples A. Mentor: The hero usually
has an older, wiser guide who
advises and teaches the hero
things that he/she needs for
the journey.
1. At some point in the story, the
mentor HAS to leave the hero.
B. Helpers/Allies: The hero will
usually have others who will
help him/her in some way.
(i.e. provide supplies, directions,
assistance with challenges). ODYSSEUS
Mentor/Guide: Odysseus is aided by the goddess Athena.
Allies/Helpers: Odysseus is helped by his men and various gods and goddesses.

Mentor/Guide: Batman is aided by his butler, Alfred.
Allies/Helpers: Batman is helped by Robin and the Commissioner. IV. Departure Example A. The hero crosses the
threshold from the ordinary world into the world of adventure.
B. The hero leaves his/her
safe, secure world and enters a dangerous
world. Odysseus crosses the threshold when
he gets on the boat and leaves Ithaca.

Batman crosses the threshold the first time he dresses up as Batman and
goes after his first criminal. V. Trials Examples A. This is where the
hero experiences
minor tests, challenges and enemies.
B. These trials can
be external as well
as internal. Odysseus faces Polyphemus (the Cyclops) and various other monsters.

Batman faces thugs and minor criminals. VII. Crisis Example A. This is when the
hero faces his/her
ultimate challenge.
B. He/she may die and
be reborn.
Batman faces his ultimate challenge when he goes against and fights the Joker. VIII. Treasure Examples A. After facing the crisis,
the hero receives his treasure or reward.
B. This reward can be
external or internal (usually both).
1. knowledge, strength,
recognition, a new
power, a
weapon...etc. Odysseus gains the knowledge of how to get home.

Batman gains the safety of his city. VI. Approach A. The hero prepares
him/herself to face
his/her biggest fears.
B. These preparations
are physical, emotional, and mental.
C. This is the part of the
journey where the
hero questions and
doubts himself/
herself. IX. Result Examples A. This is the consequence of facing the crisis.
B. Sometimes, the result
might include one final challenge for the hero. After making it back to Ithaca, Odysseus must still deal with Penelope's suitors.

After making the city safer, Batman still has to deal with critics who say that he is a vigilante, that he does more harm than good, or that he, himself, is too dangerous. X. The Return Examples A. The hero goes back
to where he/she started his/her journey. After defeating Penelope's suitors, Odysseus regains his wife and his kingdom. XII. Resolution Examples XI. New Life Example A. This is where any extra
challenges, problems or concerns resolve themselves.
B. The resolutions may be
temporary or permanent. Odysseus easily pacifies the families of the suitors that he killed.

Once Batman has defeated one villain, there is another one waiting to attack Gotham. A. The hero has been
changed by his/her
B. He/she is no longer the
same person as before the beginning of the journey. As a result of his journey, Odysseus is a better ruler and is capable of successfully ruling for a long time. He is better able to bring peace and prosperity. XIII. The New Status Quo A. The hero is back to where
they began, but his view of the world has changed.
B. As a result, the hero sees
things differently than before.
C. Some heroes can accept
this change, some cannot accept the change.
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