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Havanese

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Bri Conner

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of Havanese

By: Brianna Conner
Hour: 4

Havanese
Anatomy/Physiology
Food and Nutrition
Housing and Bedding
General Health Care
Breeding
Grooming
came from the Bichon family
traveled on Spain ships to Cuba
Cuban revolution broke out and 11 Havaneses were moved to the us
the Havanese is the national dog of Cuba
can be traced to the Mediterranean as for back as 1AD
The tropical environment of their homeland appears to have influenced the Havanese development, specifically their unique coat texture. Once called the Havana Silk Dog, or the Spanish Silk Poodle, the coat is like raw silk floss, profuse, but extremely light and soft, insulating and protective of harsh tropical rays.
As Cuban culture shifted, the little dog of Havana, adaptable as always, became a family dog extraordinare: playmate of children, watchdog, and herder of the family poultry flock.
Havanese's type and purpose has remained virtually unchanged for the past hundred and fifty years.
HISTORY
The Havanese is a small, well built dog. It's considered a small breed that stands at 9-11 inches (23-28cm) tall. It weights an average of 7-13 pounds (3-6 kg). The Havanese is Slightly longer then it is in height. It has a soft silky and wavy coat. The Havanese can came in any color or combination of colors. Dogs which are brown in shades can have corresponding brown pigments on their nose and eye rims, and their eyes should be slightly lighter than those with darker coats.
Physical Description
Brushing
Bathing
The Havanese should be bathed every week to every three months. To bath a dog you should first place a rubber mat in the bottom of the tub or sink so the dog will not slip. Then fill the tub up with 3-4 inches of lukewarm water. Before you place the dog in the water, be sure the dog has been brushed. next you can place cotton balls snugly in your dogs ears to keep out the water and soap. Next place the Havanese in the water Gently. Use an unbreakable cup or pitcher to thoroughly wet the dog from head to paw. Then apply Dog Shampoo (Not Human Shampoo) to the entire body and lather it, be sure to do the head last. Raise the dog from head to tail and remove the Havanese from the tub or sink. Use a towel to dry until the dog is damp. Continue to towel dry or use a commercial pet dryer approved for home use. A blow dryer can be substituted for a pet dryer, using a low, warm setting to finish the drying process.
Teeth
All Dog's teeth should be Brushed Daily. You should used tooth paste that is made just for dogs. You can use an old tooth brush, but there are ones made just for dogs too. The Havanese can have Teeth problems that can cause serious infections, so its very important to brush their teeth.
Ears
Toe Nails
Feet
When you have a Havanese you may want to trim the hair between the pads of the feet and around the foot. This will help cut down on stuff being brought into the house on their feet and the discomfort of things being stuck between their pads.
When you get any dog, Toe nail clipping will always have to be done. This can be very tricky. There are many different tools you can use, the simplest is a Clipper type. When clipping a dog's toe nails you have to be careful not to hit the Quick, or the part that will bleed. Dogs that have lighter colored nails make the quick more visible, but with darker nails you will have to guess. If you take small amounts of the nail at a time you will know when you reach the quick.
Quick
One of the most important things to do to groom a Havanese is brushing. A Havanese should be brushed daily to prevent matting. Because the Havanese does not shed, the dead hair gets tangled up and forms mats. To brush a Havanese, lightly spray one area of the coat with water and then brush it, this stops the coat from breaking. It's very important to brush all the way down to the skin to prevent mating. You can use the line brushing technique to do this (parting the hair and then brushing it).
The Havanese can also have hair grow inside of its ears. If the hair is accumulating, gently pull it out with a dull-tipped tweezers.
Females
Sexual maturity in females usually occurs around six months of age
Females come into heat an average of every six months
smaller breeds, like the Havanese tend to cycle more regularly than larger breeds
Heat cycles can very an average of 2 to 3 months
First signs of a dog going in heat are vulvar discharge and licking or paying attention to rear end
Females will be attracted to males but won't be receptive, or allow mating until 7-10 days after heat begins
Female may also pass urine more frequently to signal males
You should get your female neutered 4-6 weeks after the start of their last last oestrous cycle
The Havanese is an indoor living dog. It is great for city and apartment living, but can live anywhere. The Havanese can adapt to most environments.
Housing
Bedding
Havanese are very adjustable but You could get a few things for bedding them. A small dog bed or mat would give them something comfortable to sleep on. A small dog kennel with blanket or mat would be another option.
Shorter front legs then rear
Coat insulates from heat
Tail curls over the top of back
Dogs need six key things in their diet. They need carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water.
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are the Best source of energy. Fiber, a source of carbohydrates, can help speed up the digestion problems in dogs. Diets low in fiber can lead to formation pockets in the large intestines. Diets high in fiber can cause dental tarter build up on the dogs teeth. Dogs need about 25% of their diet to be carbohydrates and 30% Fiber.
Fats
Their are three different kinds of Fats: saturated, unsaturated and linoletic acids. Saturated fats come from animals, unsaturated fats come from plants and linoleic acid fats come from flax seeds. Dogs need 7% of their meals to be fats.
Proteins
The Building Blocks of protein are Amino Acids and dogs need 20 of them in their diet. Dogs should have around 25% of their diet be protein.
Vitamins
Vitamins are very important, they enable Chemical reactions necessary for life. Although some of these vitamins are bad for dogs to have, vitamins such as A,D,E, and K are good for dogs to have. Vitamins Like B and C are not. Dogs need a total of 5% in their diet.
Minerals
Minerals help the body to do many things like carry oxygen to the blood and assist in the formation of blood and bones. Dogs need 3% of these in their diet.
Water
Every living thing needs water. Dogs need to have 5% of it in their diet.
How much food should you give a Havanese? The Havanese is a small dog and should be fed Dog food for small dogs. But how much food you feed your Havanese is based on the size of your dog and how much exercise it gets. It usually says on the bag of dog food how much to give your dog and then you adjust that to the specific needs of your dog.
Males
Male dogs are mature for mating as soon as 6 months
mating should be done at the male's house (males are more stress-sensative and this will promote a more successful mating)
Mate dogs 11 days of oestrus
Training
When training a dog it's very important to use positive reinforcement. You can use treats and toys to reward your dog for good behavior. You Can also train your dog with clickers. Clicker training uses a small hand-held devise that makes a clicking sound. This sound is used to let your dog know they've done something right. so when your dog does a trick you click and treat.

Basic commands you should teach your Dog
Sit
Stay
Come
Lay down or Down
Heal
The Havanese Should not be hard to train. It stays focused pretty well and should not have a problem understanding.
Cost
Ideal Owner Description
The ideal owner for the Havanese can be anyone who would love and care for a dog. To own any dog, you need to have a flexible schedule. You also should have the money to make sure the dog has every thing it needs. The Havanese is an ideal family dog, very affectionate, intelligent, and easy to train. The Havanese is also playful but doesn't need a lot of exercise. It does however, require some grooming but doesn't shed. This dog breed would live in a house well but would also be a great apartment dog.
Skeletal Structure
Organs of Dog
Heart
Genetic and Hereditary Problems
Over all the Havanese is a healthy, long lived dog, but like all dogs, there are some genetic and hereditary problems that can arise.

Eye Problems
Heritable cataracts
- most serious and widespread of the genetic disorders in the Havanese
Cherry Eye - A swollen or prolapsed gland of the third eyelid
Vitreous degeneration - This can be one of several conditions commonly following some types of inflammation
Excessive tearing and staining (poodle eye) -
MECHANICAL, MOVEMENT and STRUCTURE PROBLEMS
Patella luxation - slipping of the kneecap. This may be as a result of injury or be a genetic predisposition.
Hip displaysia - joint malformation that occurs when the ball and socket are misaligned, loosely fitted, or misshapen often leading to arthritic changes, pain and limited mobility.
Disk disease - In between each vertebrae in a dog's backbone is a flexible cushion like disk.
Leg Perthes disease Calve-Perthes Disease) - head of the femur (thigh bone) deteriorates and dies as a result of insufficient blood supply.
Chondrodysplaysia - "Dwarfism"
Major Organs
Liver shunt
Heart disease
Heart murmur
Other conditions
Neurological disorders
Thyroid deficiency
Allergy
Deafness (hearing impaired)
Short haired gene
Ockham syndrome
http://havaneseabc.com/genetics.html
The Cost of a Havanese can range anywhere from $500 to $2,000, depending on the size, health and breeder.
Havanese
Items
Cost of good quality items needed
C
U
B
A
Muscle Structure

Hair Cuts
Puppy cuts are a way you can get your dog's hair cut. They do not require as much grooming as a show coat.
Puppy Cut
Show Coat
The Havanese should see the vet at least once a year. This will add into the cost too. An annual vet visit, with recommended shots, will run around 200+ dollars. This is also not including a cost for any problems your dog may have.
Puppys
Puppies are not able to regulate their body temperature for their first couple of weeks, so it is very important to keep the room temperature at seventy to seventy five degrees Fahrenheit.
After about 10-14 days, the puppies will open their eyes.
It is extremely difficult to get everyone in the family to understand that very young puppies should be handled as little as possible by humans.
Puppies will normally be very clean, and will be bathed by their mother.
Puppies that are hungry will make a shrill keening type of sound, and will move around more, looking for their mother.
**Cataracts are the most common health
concern for this breed.
The End
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