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Ethics in software piracy - Case study
Transcript of Ethics in software piracy - Case study
1. Introduction - case study
What is software piracy
Impact of software piracy
Ethics/morals/Laws - role in piracy? Software Piracy & It's impact on economy Software piracy is the illegal distributing,copying, and use of any software that was not purchased directly from the manufacturer. Simply, Piracy ~ theft ~ Crime Main motive behind piracy is "economic gains" Effects of Piracy The software piracy has touched the 43% mark globally, as stated by the 7th study of Global Software Piracy.
The theft of software globally was valued at over US$ 51 billion last year, in 2009. Lowering 10% in next 4 years , contribute a total of
2.4 million Jobs ( through support services)
$400 billion economic growth to the global economy. ( Source: IDC) Morals/Ethics/Laws - Role in Piracy Factors contributing to software piracy High Price
Socio econmic factors
Lack of awareness Encourage to promote new products
Vendor licensing programs are complex.
Procurement policies burden IT staff.
Cheap digital technology that enables easy copying
Peer-to-peer networks is an issue. Lack of Anti-piracy laws enforcement
Confusion with existing laws . No standardization.
No measures for education and awareness believe in the freedom of information
feeling of satisfaction as they have rebelled the security system.
Monetory gains Socio Economic Factors affecting Piracy: • Illiteracy
• High Price Level
• Poor Enforcement
• Lack of Infrastructure A study by University of Singapore shows that piracy thrives greater when the income gap between the rich and the poor is relatively large. For example, developing countries like China and India have higher privacy rates per-capita High Income Gap In a survey, High Price of Original is believed to be main reason for high piracy rate in developing countries Reducing Software Piracy 4. Law enforcement : Report Piracy Increase the copyright protection internal to the software code.
managing and optimizing software assets through software asset management (SAM) tools. increase the legal penalties of copyright infringement
You can confidentially report at www.bsa.org 1.Education and Awareness 2.Affirm company policy 3. Technology Shift Ethics in Piracy - From IS managers perspective Make it affordable ! Promote open source Cloud computing Morality – “What is ” Ethics – “What ought to be”
The majorities morality should not define ethics.
Consequentialist vs. non-consequentialist theories of ethics A consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an action based on the consequences that action has. The most familiar example would be utilitarianism--``that action is best that produces the greatest good for the greatest number'' (Jeremy Bentham).
A non-consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an action based on properties intrinsic to the action, not on its consequences.
Libertarianism : People should be free to do as they like as long as they respect the freedom of others to do the same.
Contractarianism : No policy that causes uncompensated harm on anyone is permitted ( Pareto safety) She knew it was stealing and is illegal.
She viewed herself as a honest person
She wouldn't steal an item from a store that costs $200.
She had the money to buy the software Reasons not to copy the software Benefits to rejecting Frank’s offer She would know she is not a thief
She would have the software by purchasing it
It would teach her priorities
The school probably offers computers with this software for her to use even if she didn’t have it.
Frank may see this and take an ethical inventory of his own actions. Laws & Penalties You are breaking the law by making 1 copy.
You don’t have to make money to me prosecuted
The owner is the only one with the right to control the reproduction of their work.
No Electronic Theft Act (NET): easier to prosecute pirates on internet
Law Penalties Civil: Injunctive relief, actual damages, profits, statutory damages
Criminal: $250,000 fine and up to 5 yrs jail time. What's okay ? Reinstalling on a computer that already had a legal copy
Saving a copy on the program to use as backup if an upgrade doesn’t work.
Updating part of the software to better serve your needs Responsibilities of User Purchase genuine software and install in accordance in license
Read your license
Avoid loose or hang-labeled software & prices that are “to good to be true"
Don’t help someone else break the law! 3. Right or wrong ? Frank and Mary's perspective on piracy
4. Factors contributing to piracy & Reducing piracy
5. Understanding Piracy- Information Systems(IS) manager.
6. Q&A Everyone is Doing It. Would relate Mary’s situation to 1-2 miles per hour over speed limit. Microsoft Windows XP Professional
sells for $269 a copy. This amount represents a significant fortunate for an average user
in a developing country like India or China, but much less for a white-collar professional
in the US. Not surprisingly, India and China have much higher piracy rate than US. Microsoft CEO Bill Gates famously said: “As long as they are going to steal it, we want them to steal ours. They'll get sort of addicted, and then we'll somehow figure out how to collect sometime in the next decade.” Q& A 1. Formulate a code of conduct
2. Recognize ethical behaviour
3. Promote piracy/copyright laws by keeping employees informed.
4. Perform internal IT audits
5. Use Software Asset Management tools for managing IT assets.
5. Set an example. Conclusion : Software piracy is a serious crime impacting local,regional and global economy. Some governments ignore or even encourage software piracy Too difficult to enforce on individuals Thank You !