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Synectics

Enhancing Creative Thought
by

Sasha Reinhardt

on 27 November 2011

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Transcript of Synectics

SYNECTICS resources, Tools and Graphic Organizers By: Sasha Reinhardt, Bria Stacy And Vicki O'hair What is synectics? Synectics is a strategy designed to make the unfamiliar more familiar, or understandable, by using comparisons. The chief element of synectics is the use of analogies and metaphors. Students will play with analogies until they are used to them and become skilled at making metaphoric comparisons.

Then the students will be able to use analogies to solve problems in the classroom. why are synectics used? The foundations of synectics have 4 basic principles that challenge conventional views of creativity. Synectics are used:

to lead us into an illogical world of thought 1. Creativity is important and synectics are designed to increase creative expression, empathy, problem solving and insight into social relations. 2. Creativity is not mysterious; it can be described. People can be trained to increase and use their creativity. 3. Creative invention is similar in all areas: The same intellectual process is used in arts, science, engineering, etc. 4. Individual and group creative thinking are very similar. Metaphors: What are they good for? Using metaphors in the synectic model allows creativity to become a conscious process By comparing one obect or idea with another, we can establish a relationship of likeness; using one object or idea in place of the other. This draws from a students knowledge and helps them connect prior knowledge to new content or to look at it in a new way. three types of analogy in synectic exercises personal analogy Requires empathy with an object or idea. The student must feel they are part of the elements of the problem. direct analogy Requires students to compare two objects or ideas. It is used to transfer variables of one problem to another to create a new perspective. compressed conflict A two word phrase in which the words contradict each other. This analogy provides the broadest insight into a subject.
Strategies in Using synectics
1. Making the familiar strange - helps students see old ideas in a new, creative light. Students use analogies to create conceptual distance by describing the problem how they see it. The student becomes the analogy and then creates a direct analogy. 2. Making the strange familiar: makes new, unfamiliar ideas more meaningful. The students select a direct analogy and then choose a compressed conflict to create a final analogy. In 1961, William Gordon created a model for thinking creatively through the use of analogies or metaphors and synectics were developed. How do Students Benefit from Synectics? 1. Helps students move their thinking from literal, to non-literal, allows for creative thinking. 2. By indentifying similarities and differences students enhance their understanding of the ability to use knowledge. 3. Gives students more enriching projects by providing students another form of representation for learning. 4. Enhances students understanding through representing similarities and differences in graphic or symbolic form. 5. Develops students ability to think creatively because it can deliberately force strange things together to form uncommon connections 6. Allows students to be creative in their learning. 7. Stimulates the students to see and feel the original idea in fresh new ways. 8. Helps create a community of equals where the thought is the basis of understanding. Students are all put on the same page. how useful is the synectics strategy? Synectics can be used in all subject areas, and are particularly useful in the context of:
1. Creative Writing

2. Problem Solving 3. Exploring Social Problems 4. Creating a Design or Product 5. Broadening our Perspectives of a concept to provide us with opportunities to see things in a new way
to develop new ways of expressing ourselves and tackling problems. http://prezi.com/xgse6c1by3s0/synectics/
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