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USES OF ELEMENTS in the HUMAN BODY and TECHNOLOGY

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Trisha Tan

on 26 July 2015

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Transcript of USES OF ELEMENTS in the HUMAN BODY and TECHNOLOGY

Aluminum & Aluminum compounds
USES OF ELEMENTS in the HUMAN BODY and TECHNOLOGY
Carbonate and Hydroxide - antacids
Medicine
- 50 and 150 mg., with an average of about 65 mg.
- found in the lungs, brain, kidneys, liver, and thyroid.
High level - Aluminum toxicity
Confusion
Muscle weakness
Bone pain, deformities, and fractures
Seizures
Speech problems
Slow growth—in children
Human Body
Boron
TETRABORATE - used in cleaning products [ detergent and blocking agents
BOROSILICATE - components of glasses and ceramics
Technology
Helps influence the metabolism of nutrients that help maintain bone health
Hormone regulation
Human Body
skin inflammation and peeling
irritability
tremors
convulsions
weakness
headaches
depression
diarrhea
vomiting
Toxicity
Used in cans, foils, kitchen utensils, and watches
CHLOROHYDRATE - antiperspirants and deodorants
ALUMS - gypsum plaster, in tanning nand dying
BORATE - production of glass and ceramics
TECHNOLOGY
Calcium

Technology
Used in dental products, fireworks, and liquid rocket fuel.
Human Body
- the most abundant mineral in the body
+ phosphorous - build and maintain bones and teeth
- aids in blood-clotting process and helps control the passagge of fluids through cell
- related to proper functioning of the heart and the neuromuscular system
Toxicity
Renal failure
Chromium
Technology
Used in colored pigments and dyes
Used in breathalyzer
Human Body
- plays a role in the effectiveness of the insulin, the hormone responsible for blood sugar metabolism
-used to control blood cholesterol
- promotes body fat reduction and increase lean muscle tissue
Toxicity
Chronic inhalation of Cr(VI) compounds increases the risk of lung, nasal, and sinus cancer.
Cobalt
Technology
COBALT SALT- for the production of
brilliant and permanent blue colors in porcelain, glass, pottery, tiles and enamels
COBALT 60 - artificial isotope tracer and a radiotherapeutic agent
COBALT COMPOUNDS- used in paint pigments
Medicine
COBALT 57 - used to determine
how much vitamin B-12 is absorbed
by the human body
Human Body
It is an essential element required
for the normal functioning of the pancreas.
Copper
Technology
COPPER SULFATE - used as an agricultural poiso
n and water purifier

- component of a copper bracelet

- a good water-proofing materials
Human Body
Cu - enzyme activator
Aids in iron absorpton, a process that helps in the formation of hemoglobin of red blood cells.
Helps convert amino acids into pigments, thereby adding color to hair and skin.
Toxicity
Chronic (long-term) effects of copper
exposure can damage the liver and
kidneys.

Technology
Used as an ingredient in commercial flourochemicals including many well-known high temperature plastics.
FLOURINE COMPOUNDS - used in refrigeration and airconditioning systems.
Human Body
Essential for the normal mineralization of bones and the formation of dental enamel
prevents tooth decay
Flourine
Toxicity
Chronic exposure to fluoride in large amounts interferes with bone formation.
Gold
Technology
Used in making jewelry and decorations.
Medicine
DISODIUM AUROTHIOMALATE - administered { IM } for treatment of arthritis

Au - used for treating cancer
Toxicity
Pure metallic (elemental) gold is non-toxic and non-irritating when ingested[124] and is sometimes used as a food decoration in the form of gold leaf.
Hydrogen
Technology
Helps in the commercial fixation of nitrogen
from the air in the Haper ammonia process.
LIQUID H - cryogenics and in the study of superconductivity since its melting point is only just above absolute zero.
can be used to process fossil fuels.
Human Body
Aids in hydrogenation of fats and oils.
Toxicity
headaches, ringing in ears, dizziness, drowsiness, unconsciousness, nausea, vomiting and depression of all the senses.
Iodine
Medicine
Added to salt to prevent goiter
Human Body
an essential component for the
thyroid, thyroxine which is the master regulator of metabolism.
Toxicity
Very large amount of iodide may cause
a brassy taste in the mouth, increased salivation, GI irritation and skin lesion.

DEFICIENCY -- goiter
Iron
Technology
Used to make steels.
Human Body
Acts with protein and copper to
make hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying
component of red blood cells.
Toxicity
hypovolemic shock


DEFICIENCY: anemia
Magnesium
Medicine
MAGNESIUM OXIDE - antacids
Human Body
- involve in muscle contraction an nerve function
-At least half of the magnesium in the body is combined with Calcium and Phosphorus in bones; the remainder is in soft tissues, including RBC and muscle.
Toxicity
People who have impaired kidney function are at the greatest risk for magnesium overdose. Even a moderate magnesium overdose may cause a drop in blood pressure in those with kidney disease.
Manganese
Technology
Metallic manganese is used primarily in steel production.
Human Body
An important activator of enzyme systems.
involved in protein synthetic and fatty acid metabolism.
Necessary for normal skeletal development and pituitary gland activity.
Important in the utilization of vitamin B1
Toxicity
Central nervous system (CNS) effects
Technology
-Used in making neon advertising signs which accounts for its largest user.
-Used in making gas lasers
LIQUID NEON - an economical cryogenic refrigerant.
Nitrogen
Technology
LIQUID NITROGEN - used in oil industry to
build up pressure in wells to force crude oil upward.
Used in ammonia production {Haber Process}
Toxicity
Nitrogen gas is not harmful to
humans at normal atmospheric
pressures. Our air is made up of
approximately 79 percent nitrogen
Oxygen
Technology
Used as rocket fuel oxidant
OZONE O3 in the atmosphere
serves as our protection
against the sun's ultraviolet
rays.
Human Body
Essential for breathing
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