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TOK Presentation - Distinguishing Between A Human, A Cyborg,

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Jin-Ho Ryu

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of TOK Presentation - Distinguishing Between A Human, A Cyborg,

Ethical Implications
People live in the age of augmentation.

Many prosthetic technology can make one "better than human."

People may configure their devices to extend their senses beyond normal abilities.

Fair for others?
Distinguishing Between A Human And A Cyborg
What is a Cyborg?
Short for "cybernetic organism"

A being with both organic and mechanical parts

Generally referred to a human with bionic, or robotic, implants
Real-life Cyborgs: Neil Harbisson
British-born contemporary artist, musician, and cyborg activist

Ability to hear colors and to perceive colors outside the ability of human vision

Born with achromatopsia

The eyeborg project, a head mounted color sensor that picks up color frequencies and transposes them into sound frequencies.

Inclusion of the eyeborg on his passport photo has been claimed by some to be official recognition of Harbisson as a cyborg
Downfalls
Hearing Aids
Hearing aids monitor the environment with their tiny microphones, constantly adjusting their output based on what they think is useful sound rather than noise.

Hearing aids are, by design, incredibly resistant to tinkering.

So should health services – or even manufacturers – be allowed to control the abilities of devices that become part of a person’s body?
Knowledge Issues
How do we categorize something as a cyborg?

To what extent do bionic implants enhance/hinder one's abilities?

Can people with bionic implants be truly considered as human beings?
Areas of Knowledge
Ethics
The Arts
Ways of Knowing
Emotion
Sense Perception
Fictional Cyborgs
Frequently pose the question of difference between human and machine as one concerned with morality, free will, and empathy

Often play up a human contempt for over-dependence on technology, particularly when used for war, and when used in ways that seem to threaten free will

Often portrayed with physical or mental abilities far exceeding a human counterpart
Sense Perception
To what extent do bionic implants enhance/hinder one's abilities?

Can people with bionic implants be truly considered as a human being?
Combined visual and auditory perception
Able to have extraordinary experiences that ordinary people don't have
"Go to an art gallery to hear paintings"
"Wear in musical chords."
"Wardrobe is a musical scale."
"Hear people's faces."
Dreams
Enhancement
Too much = Negative?
Memory
Perception
Feeling
Feels more like a cyborg than a human
Full transcript