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Transcript of Nouns
What are types of nouns?
is the principal at
West Hollow Middle School.
falls on a
A concrete noun names something
you can experience with at least one of your senses
(sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell).
Most nouns are concrete nouns.
A proper noun refers to specific things that are unique or have names.
Proper nouns begin with capital letters.
Abstract nouns describe something
see, hear, touch, taste, or smell.
Examples of abstract nouns...
goes back many
It was a
to meet your family.
was admirable for such a young person.
A noun names
a person (Davud),
a quality (courage),
an action (laughter/laughing)
in order to identify them.
What are NOUNS?
How to identify nouns?
Some words can be either
nouns or verbs
the difference from the way they are
Nouns&verbs distinguished by stress
the stress is on the first syllable -
the stress is on the second
syllable - a
1 We have made good 'progress verb
We are now ready to pro'gress to Book
2 but can be different noun
My son s 'conduct at school hasn t been very good verb Mahler used to con'duct the Vienna Philharmonic
Nouns distinguished by pronunciation
Nouns and verbs with the same spelling and pronunciation
Some words function:
others function as
others function as
CLASSES OF COMMON NOUNS
- individual of a class (road, man, girl, etc.)
- group of things, animals, or persons considered as a unit (crowd, mob, committee, council, congress, meeting, family)
- Name for a group or collection of objects
- the names apply to every particle of similar substance,instead of to each individual or separate object.
- Names for things thought of in mass
(1) The metals: iron, gold, platinum, etc.
(2) Products spoken of in bulk: tea, sugar, rice, wheat,
(3) Geological bodies: mud, sand, granite, rock, stone,
(4) Natural phenomena: rain, dew, cloud, frost, mist, etc.
(5) Various manufactures: cloth (and the different kinds of cloth), potash, soap, rubber, paint, celluloid, etc.
Modification of nouns
- A name possessed by any one of a class of persons, animals, or things
- A Latin word which means general, possessed by all
- Name for any individual of a class
ATTRIBUTE NOUNS - expressing attributes or qualities
- derived from adjectives and from common nouns
VERBAL NOUNS - expressing state, condition, or action
1. of the same form as the simple verb. For example: the long
2. derived from verbs by changing the ending or adding a suffix:
3. derived from verbs by adding ING to the simple verb (
4. underived abstract nouns:
beauty, joy, hope, ease, energy; day, night, summer, winter; shadow, lightning, thunder
Common nouns refer to common, everyday things.
Examples of common nouns...
is on the
(with or without titles):
Andrew Smith, President Kennedy
Forms of address:
Mum, Dad, Auntie, Uncle Fred
Asia, Berkshire, India, Wisconsin
Madison Avenue Regent Street
Months, days of the week festivals and seasons
April, Monday, Easter, Christmas, spring or Spring
The first person
is that which denotes the speaker or writer;
'I Paul have written it."
The second person
is that which denotes the hearer, or the person addressed;
"Robert, who did it?"
The third person
is that which denotes the person or thing merely spoken of;
"James loves his it."
distinguishing sex by words, or additions to words
There are three ways to distinguish the genders:
a gender word to another word
she-goat, cock sparrow;hen sparrow, he-bear
By adding a suffix
, generally to a masculine word
baron-baroness, count-countess, lion-lioness
By using a different word
for each gender
horse-mare, nephew- niece
the mode of indicating whether we are speaking of one thing or of more than one
an inflection or use of a noun (or pronoun) to show its relation to other words in the sentence
distinguish the speaker, the hearer, and the person or thing merely spoken of
it denotes persons or animals of the male kind
man, father, king
is that which denotes persons or animals of the female kind
woman, mother, queen
it denotes things that are neither male nor female
pen, ink, paper
it denotes things that can be male and female
friend, doctor, student
There are three ways of changing the singular form to the plural:
(1) By adding -en.(brethren, children)
(2) By changing the root vowel.(man-men,foot-feet)
(3) By adding -s (or -es).
(1) As the
of a verb:
" Water seeks its level."
(2) As a
"A bent twig makes a crooked tree."
with some other nominative word, adding to the meaning of that word:
"The reaper Death with his sickle keen."
"Lord Angus, you lied!"
(5) With a
in an absolute or independent phrase:
"The work done, they returned to their homes."
(6) With an
"David to die!"
(1) As the direct object of a verb:
"Woodman, spare that tree!"
(2) As the indirect object of a verb:
"Give the devil his due."
always modifies another word, expressed or understood
singular/plural noun and singular/plural verb
Formation of feminine