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George W. Bush: Informal Roles of Great American Presidents
Transcript of George W. Bush: Informal Roles of Great American Presidents
Informal Roles as President Crisis Manager There were several notable crises during Bush's administration, most significant being the 9/11 attacks in 2001 during his first term, Hurricane Katrina in late fall of 2005 during his second term, the War on Terror commenced globally after 9/11, and the War in Afghanistan (seen as an undeclared war by Congressional perspectives). 9/11 Attacks
On September 11, 2001, four hijacked planes crashed into a field in Pennsylvania, the Pentagon, and one in each Twin Tower in New York City
Bush gave his "I Can Hear You" speech on September 14, 2001 at Ground Zero
The War on Terror, recently given a withdrawal timeline by President Obama, is the largest marker of the Bush administration. Hurricane Katrina
President Bush instituted the use of FEMA and other aid agencies to help the Gulf Coast area, most importantly the City of New Orleans to aid displaced families in finding temporary housing as well as financial aid and electrical services. Morale Builder President Bush's most notable instances as a national morale builder came via his record approval ratings after declaring a global war on terror and through several key pieces of legislation. PEPFAR
In 2004, Bush signed the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, better known as PEPFAR. This piece of legislation has allotted over $30 billion to provide funding for the AIDS epidemic. According to its website, this effort by the U.S. is "the largest financial commitment by a single country to respond to HIV and AIDS worldwide." This presidential action was met with great approval from a global perspective. Matt Damon even offered to "kiss him on the lips for his efforts to end AIDS and HIV." Bush's more domestic approach to morale building came with the initiation of the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001. This was to ensure the nationwide improvement of standardized test scores, which were to be (in theory) an accurate representation of the school's quality of education for all levels of students. Seeing that the Baby Boomer strain was about to wreak havoc on the Social Security system, Bush attempted to push an agenda for its reform and privatization. This was a morale building plan for senior citizens; however, it was not instituted due to his need for conservative support to win re-election and pass other key economic legislation. Recruiter During Bush's administration, he made several free trade agreements and policy changes in order to more effectively conduct trade with other nations. In addition to this, he also signed several international treaties that created legislative bonds with foreign nations. Bush signed the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement in 2004. This involved the US economically with Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and the Dominican Republic. It is most commonly known as CAFTA-DR. To combat serious criminal and ethical infractions against minors, Bush signed these international treaties into law:
International Cooperation on Computer Crimes, 2001
Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 2000
Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Pornography, 2000 National Priority Setter In his memoirs, President Bush describes his presidential legacy as being focused on the domestic safety and well-being of our country. Bush does not regret his shortcomings in the economic field due to his prevention of another terrorist attack on U.S. soil. After watching his father endure a difficult loss of respect by his party due to his shift in tax policy, "W" decided to take the road of consistency and continually cut taxes in hopes of stimulating a swiftly declining economy. The following legislation was used in an attempt to kickstart the economy:
Economic Growth and Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001
Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act of 2002
Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003
Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 In regards to domestic policy, the Department of Homeland Security as well as the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Legislation that portrayed an emphasis on either social conservatism and/or homeland security are as follows:
Medicare Part D
Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act
White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
USA PATRIOT Act
use of Guantanamo Bay Legislative and Political
Coalition Builder Bush brought together several generations of politicians and general citizens alike with multiple pieces of legislature. With Medicare Part D, Bush brought together the middle class, the majority of the nation's population, and conservatives alike in this piece of legislation. In an attempt to satisfy a more liberal stance on reproductive rights and issues, Bush did not attempt to overturn Roe v. Wade, but rather initiated the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act. This kept abortion legal and the conservatives happy happy happy. Administrator His initiation of a substantial amount of legislation displays his prowess as an effective administrator. Very little of Bush-initiated legislation was not instituted into law. He did not break FDR-level records; however, his generous tax cuts, a reform Clinton failed to make, were a landmark of his administration. His war objectives were almost all completed or at least attempted by the time he officially left office in 2009. Bush guided the US into the War on Terror, Iraq War, and War in Afghanistan without such a significant war-time recession as had been seen during WWII and the Korean War. Party Leader Bush pushed a more conservative fiscal and social agenda during both his terms in office. He proposed and executed major tax cuts for the middle class, a policy that predecessor and his father both failed to institute properly. The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act is reflective of a more conservative social and ethical agenda. I daresay that liberals were not very excited about this. His reinstatement of the Mexico City Policy was also right-leaning. This policy states that any non-governmental organization receiving US Government funding has to refrain from performing or advocating abortion services in other countries. What Would Other
Presidents Do? Food for thought for those who came
before and will go after... How would you have handled an
imminent attack on US soil? Would you
have waged war as I did or would you have
taken a more diplomatic approach? Explain
why. By: MK Hurst