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Othello --- Act 2, Scene iii
Transcript of Othello --- Act 2, Scene iii
Play's Time line & Significance
Dramatic Techniques Used
-Dramatic irony -- in the play, all the characters except for Iago and Roderigo do not know that it is Iago’s plan, but the audience know. Roderigo does not know that Iago is using him but the audience know.
-Comic relief-- sexual jokes in the beginning of the scene -- "The purchase made, the fruits are to ensue" and "she is sport for Jove"
-Character foil -- Iago and Roderigo -- Iago is very calculating. In contrast, Roderigo is extremely gullible.
"Come, my dear love, / The purchase made, the fruits are to ensue. / The profit’s yet to come ’tween me and you (II.iii.8–10)."
Othello compares his marriage with Desdemona to "the purchases" and compares having sex to “fruits”
the couple’s relationship is still very close before Othello is deceived by Iago's evil plan
the words "purchase" and "profit" sound less personal and more declarative
shows that Othello cares more about appearances (his public image) rather than showing love for his wife
Questions and Issues Raised
Shakespeare, William, and Roma Gill. "Act II Scene Iii." Othello. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993. N. pag. Print.
"Families of Three Girls Who Falsely Accused Teacher of Sexually Abusing Them Must Pay Him $360,000 in Damages."
Daily Mail Online.
17 Nov. 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013.
"Jury: Girls, Parents Liable For Calling Catholic Teacher 'Perv'."
18 Nov. 2013. Web. 23 Nov. 2013.
-former teacher at Holy Spirit Catholic School
-accused for inappropriately touching students & peeking into their bathroom
Cassio regrets for getting drunk and refers to himself as a beast for losing his reputation
Iago reveals his manipulation on Cassio by comparing him to a dog
Othello refers his marriage as "the purchase made" and refers having sex as "the fruits are to ensue"
Iago also uses "fruits" to represent his succeed of demoting Cassio
"Though other things grow fair against the sun, / Yet fruits that blossom first will first be ripe (II.iii.353–354)."
Iago compares his succeed of demoting Cassio to "fruits"
Roderigo is reassured by Iago when he is impatient with Iago's scheme
A Recent News
-accused since 2009
-accused by a female student who was then at the age of 11
-called a "perv" & "creeper" by students & parents
-over $ 360 000 of fine
How is John Fischler’ s case similar to Cassio’s demotion?
Think about who were originally thought to be innocent/trust worthy, and who were thought to be guilty?
What are the factors that contribute to the formation of one's reputation?
Are these factors accurate? Why or why not?
"He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense/As my young mistress' dog (II.iii.43–44)."
Iago is revealing his plan to make Cassio drunk while he is comparing him to a dog
Iago discovers Cassio's weakness for drinking and knows exactly how to use it to destroy his reputation
shows Iago's manipulation and hypocrisy
"If consequence do but approve my dream/My boat sails freely, both with wind and stream (II.iii.55–56)."
Iago compares his success in the plan to a freely sailing boat
shows Iago's perceptiveness and confidence towards his manipulation over everyone
"So will I turn her virtue into pitch, and out of her own goodness make the net/That shall enmesh them all (II.iii.338–340)."
Iago's intention of getting Desdemona to unwitting deceive Othello
Iago knows very well about what to use of everybody to achieve the affect he wants
Iago is manipulative, cunning, but also intelligent
Cassio -not observing
-easy to trick
-easy to convince
-not a good drinker
-no self-control after drunk
-manipulator (peer pressure)
-meticulous (words & plans)
-astute, calm & logical
-try to avoid conflicts
Desdemona -no important effect
-shows up in a political,
military & man domained
-high status, power & position
Othello -reputation as
Roderigo -easy to trick/manipulate
People who advise you and help you friendly and enthusiastically might have other purposes.
Reputation and appearance should not be the most important thing in life.
Do not hesitate to refuse do something that you don’t want to do.
Do not be affected by peer pressure.
We should always investigate for the reason of an incident, not just simply look at the surface of it.
-people celebrate the victory in Cyprus
-Iago uses peer pressure to ‘convince’ Cassio to drink
-Cassio finally accepts and becomes drunk
-Othello demotes Cassio due to political & reputational matters
-Cassio is upsets for the lost of reputation
-Iago convinces Cassio to ask Desdemona for help
-Roderigo offends Cassio on purpose to make him mad & start to fight
-during the chaosity, Montano gets hurt
-Roderigo is not satisfied with the fact that he is wounded & uses up all his money, but he still has not get Desdemona's love
-Iago convinces Roderigo that they have already succeed due to the demotion of Cassio
-start of Iago’s new plan & success
-demotion of Cassio
-importance of reputation in the play & era
-traditional & cultural
-reputation & appearance is the most important thing in life
logical -Iago starts his plan during chaosity
-Cassio starts the fight after his drunk
timing problem -Cassio appears to be intoxicated when
fighting & when Othello demotes him
-Cassio becomes sober right away
possiblities of the problem -Shakespeare's mistake
-sober & shock due demotion
-the events took time after the Cyprus won the Turks:
the celebration was chaotic, so Iago is more likely to succeed in convincing Cassio to drink
-happens on the day of Othello's marriage:
Othello could not witness Iago convincing Cassio to drink
-Montano was hurt and Cassio was drunk:
Othello would ask Iago about what happened
-happen after they reach Cyprus instead of Venice:
Othello had to decide “who should be
in charge of the fight” on his own, he could not ask anyone to help him analyze the situation, so
Iago’s plan is more likely to succeed
-Othello and Desdemona have already married:
Iago’s advice of asking Desdemona to
help is very reasonable
Significance of the Development throughout the play
-First stage of Iago’s plan, beginning of the rising actions, without this event, the play could not be pushed forward
-At the end of the play, Iago convinces Cassio to ask Desdemona for help
-Desdemona will talk about Cassio often when she is with Othello
-Othello will further believe in Iago’s lie
-Jealousy will drive Othello to commit murders
Why has Shakespeare written this scene at this particular point
-to intoduce audience about Iago’s plan
-to hint audience about the tragic climax and tragic ending
-Iago’s plan is a step by step process, instead of throwing all the tragic elements to the audience
in the climax, Shakepeare chose to build the intense automosphere little by little. So this scene
leads the audience into climax
-this scence is the turning point of Othello had the situation under control to Iago had the
situation under control
-Cassio thinks that Iago is his honest friend, who tries to help him
-Othello believes that Iago were helping Cassio, so the incident might be even worst.
Time: After Cyprus won Turkey
Event: Celebration of the victory