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The Abolition Movement
Transcript of The Abolition Movement
Abolition of Slavery
The Successes and Failures of the Abolition Reform Movement
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How did Slavery End?
Many colonists in the North wanted slavery abolished.
Southern slaves would try to escape from their owns and travel to the North
Slavery was a big contradiction in America. Many people believed “All men are created equal” was false because of slavery.
The American Civil War from 1861-1865 smashed the 254 year old system of slavery in the South and changing the Southern society.
The 13th Amendment made slavery illegal in America.
By: Rachel Jurus, Madison Morris and Kelsey Ludes
Abolition refers to the act of putting an end to something by law.
The purpose of this movement was to free the slaves in the south who were forced to work under cruel conditions.
In the 1800’s slavery was slowly coming to an end, due to the fact that people were realizing how inhuman slavery was.
The south relied on slave labor economically, so it was not willingly that they let this movement pass.
What is Abolition
History of Abolition Movement
(1, All Pictures)
Slaves revived their freedom when the 13th Amendment was ratified in 1865
Many slaves died in result of the movement
Many anti-slavery white men died attempting to free slaves or starting a rebellion
American Civil War
Death of Abraham Lincoln
Was born a slave in Maryland in 1820
Escaped Slavery in 1849
She returned to Maryland many times and led hundreds to freedom in the North
Considered as the most famous "conductor"on underground Railroad
Was born a slave in New York on 1797, but was able to escape with her infant daughter
Won one of the first cases in court against a black man (about Peter)
Devoted her life to the Abolition of Slavery and Women's Rights
Willam Lloyed Garrison (11)
Frederick Douglass (10)
Grimke Sisters (7)
The North Star
Harriet Beecher Stowe (5)
Uncle Tom's Cabin (6)
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Harriet Tubman (14)
Sojourner Truth (13)
The Progression of the Abolition Movement
Underground Railroad helped free thousands of slaves.
Religiously influenced; Quakers thought it was morally wrong,
others had witnessed or heard of the horrors of slavery
some of those people spoke out and were known as "Abolitionists"
Elihu Embree: son of a Quaker minister. Published first abolitionist newspapers;
William Lloyd Garrison: 1st to speak out for immediate abolition. The
Newspaper 35 years.
Sara and Angelina Grimke: daughters of plantation owners. Firsthand witnesses to slave abuse and advocated against Slavery.
Frederick Douglass: escaped slavery, gave speeches about slave life, published autobiography,and antislavery newspaper the
Harriet Beecher Stowe: Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, which created huge tension between North and South.
Leading Abolitionists (Continued)
How it Changed America
Caused the North and South to divide even more.
"Jump started" the ending of slavery.
Shined a light on some of the horrors enslaved people lived through.
"Freedom is the unalienable right of all men" -Elihu Embree
The Abolition movement was started by north settlers in the 1830's.
From the 1830's to the 1870's the abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of every slave in America.
By 1831 Boston had its first famous newspaper that was largely supported by African Americans.