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Untitled Prezi

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Alice Hilary Walford

on 8 September 2013

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What Happened at Stalingrad?
Around 40,000 civilians are estimated to have died in the city during the German bombing campaign.

Around 480,000 Soviet soldiers were killed, more than twice as many as on the German side.

A group of historians in Moscow questioned 215 eye-witnesses and recorded their conversations. Among them were generals and commissioners, but also soldiers and civilians

"No stone should remain unturned," was Hitler's order before the attack

"No stone should remain unturned," was Hitler's order before the attack

Stalin had given order Number 227: "No going back." The dictator also refused to allow civilians in the city to be evacuated before the beginning of the military assault.
Fun Facts
The General of the German army General Paulus was promoted to the rank of Field Marshall a few days before he surrendered. He was the only Field Marshall to surrender.

Adolf Hitler was very angry at General Paulus for losing the battle. He stripped Paulus of his rank and held a national day of mourning for the shame Paulus had brought on Germany by losing.

General Zhukov would lead the Soviet Union to many more victories by the end of World War II. He was one of the most decorated generals in the history of the Soviet Union.

German tanks had trouble fighting in the streets of Stalingrad. Much of the city was turned into rubble which the tanks could not go around or over.

Around 91,000 German soldiers were captured at the end of the battle.

During the battle, Germans would lose more ground taking an occupied house than trying to defend a house occupied by them.

The life expectancy of a Russian soldier was less than 24 hour while the expectancy of a Russian officer was 3 days.

Of the 100,000 to 90,000 German troops that surrendered, only about 5,000 made it back to German soil alive.

In the beginning of the battle, the Germans committed 270,000 men while the Russians committed 187,000 men. By the end Germans had put 1,011,000 troops in the battle while the Russians committed 1,003,000 troops.

To limit Blitzkrieg tactics, Marshall Zhukov told his men to get into hand to hand combat situations. The Germans wouldn't be able to use the Luftwaffe as the Russians would be close to German troops.

Anatoly Kuryshov, Russia
"My ear was torn off and my neck was pierced right through."
Our soldiers dug out sort of a trench to get to the headquarters, but the German snipers now and again would get one of us anyway – either in the head or in the back. Eventually, there were not that many defenders left and the Germans had nothing else to do but to shell the building with artillery guns.

At some point I was ordered, “Go to the headquarters and check what the situation is like there.”

When I left the building, a shell exploded right behind me. My ear was torn off and my neck was pierced right through. I don’t remember anything after that. Where they took me, what was going on – I don’t remember any of it. I was shell shocked and lost my memory. For three years I didn’t remember who I was, who my family was. I called myself Aleksey. But once I slipped on the ice and hit my head. And suddenly my memory came back to me. In Stalingrad I didn’t feel that I was a soldier or a regiment’s ‘adopted son’ – I was just a usual kid.

And on January 25 I almost froze to death. I must say that our troops were well dressed, while the Germans didn’t have enough warm clothes. Therefore, they attacked persistently – just to keep warm. And after one such attack, there were many wounded soldiers and I fell asleep among them. I fell asleep, the wounded began getting cold, and so did I. Thus, I froze. A funeral team began taking the warm clothes off the dead, leaving them to lie in their underwear. They took off the soldiers’ blouses and trousers, because new draftees needed them. They started pulling my coat as well and I jerked. I was alive, they made a noise, called for a doctor and an aide, they embrocated me with alcohol – they rescued me. I was in hospital for almost six months, because my kidneys didn’t function any more after the freezing.
Maria Rokhlina, Russia
"They took off the dead soldiers’ blouses and trousers, because new draftees needed them."
Nikolay Tyukineyev, Russia
"I had no other choice but just to open fire and kill them all."
I was on the left bank of the Volga. I saw our Soviet Shpagin submachine-gun in the sand. I wanted to go and get it. But couldn’t, because just a hundred meters away from me the Germans were preparing to swim. Then, they jumped into the water and started to splash, scream, play around and dive. So, how could I get to the gun? Finally, I found the guts to take off my clothes. I was absolutely naked. You can't tell the nationality of someone - a Russian or a German - when they are naked. I covered my private parts with a tree branch, went to the beach and slowly waddled to that machine-gun. But as soon as I got there and grabbed one of the guns I felt such a burst of energy! I felt so big and strong, like some super-hero. So, I grabbed that gun and saw that their guns had the locking bolt on the other side than ours. I unlocked the one I had in my hands and walked directly to the Germans in the water.

There were seven of eight of them. I didn’t count. One of them had just come to the surface after a dive. He looked at me and rubbed his eyes, completely at a loss. And then I fired the gun. The other two, who were closer to the bank, dashed to get out and I fired at them too. Those who were farther away in the river, tried to swim to get away from me. Two decided to surrender and raised their hands. They were taken by surprise and then just ran each his own way, so I had no other choice but just to open fire and kill them all. After that, I dumped all the guns and the ammunition into the river so that the enemy couldn’t get them. That’s what I did.

I said, "That’s for all my friends you killed." And I was happy, of course I was! It was probably the happiest moment of all, when I got myself the gun and made my plan work. Afterwards, I became more daring, more courageous and with time I just got more experienced and developed a feeling of when to take risks and when not to. I learnt to make decisions on the spot.
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