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Modals part 2
Transcript of Modals part 2
Present time DEGRESS OF CERTAINTY IN NEGATIVE Degrees of Certainty.
Past time Progressive forms
or Modals DEGREES OF CERTAINTY:
FUTURE TIME MODALS CHART Degrees of certainty refers to how sure we
are---- what we think the chances are---that
something is true. let`s take a look on chart to page 204.
Study it. SIMPLE PRESNT
100% MUST: 90% SURE MAY, MIGHT, AND
COULD: 50% We don`t need an auxiliary STRONG WEAK SIMPLE PRESENT
IN NEGATIVE 99 % sure 50 % sure or less. NEGATIVE FORM 100 % SURE
Susan isn`t thirsty. Susan couldn`t be thirsty
Susan can`t be thirsty 95 % sure Susan must not be thristy. She might not be thirsty
She may not be thirsty Affirmative 95 % sure:
He must have been
in a meeting. 100% sure:
He was in a meeting. 50% sure:
He might, may, could,
have been in a meeting. Why was your boss
absent yesterday? NEGATIVE 99% sure:
My boss couldn`t-cant
have been in a meeting. 100 % SURE:
He was`t in a meeting. 50 % sure or less:
My boss may not- might
not have been in a
meeting. 95% sure: My boss must
not have been in a meeting. 100 % sure:
Rosana will do well on
the test. 90% sure:
Rosana should- ought to
do well on the test. 50% sure:
could do well on the
test. PAST TIME Present time Modal + be +
ing Shhh. My mother may be sleeping.
(right now) modal + have been
+ -ing My best friend wasn`t at home when
we went to visit him. He must
have been studying at the library. WOULD RATHER ABILITY: COULD AND
CAN WOULD AND USED TO CAN: Physical ability, acquired skill,
express possibility, to give permission in
informal situaitions. page. 198 COULD:
past of can
(ability) Would can be used to express an action
that was repeated regurlarly in the past.
p. 200 Used to expresses a situation that
existed in the past. It expresses preference.
It goes followed by rather PAST FORM:
WOULD RATHER HAVE +