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Us. History- New England Colonies
Transcript of Us. History- New England Colonies
Immigrants of the New England Colonies
I hope you have enjoyed this presentation and have learned a lot about the New England Colonies.
Most of Maine,
New Hampshire, and Vermont have a humid continental climate.
This means short summer climate, with mild summers and cold winters. Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, southern coastal Maine, and southern New Hampshire and Vermont have a humid continental long summer climate.
New England's long rolling hills, mountains,
and jagged coastline are glacial
landforms resulting from the
retreat of ice sheets approximately
18,000 years ago, during the last glacial period.
The overall environment
of New England
is woodland and damp.
Their activities were mainly fishing, shipbuilding but not farming.
The soil there was very rocky
They breaded sheep,
though, and caught cod,
Imports and exports of New England
Exports: were the raw materials or finished products that the
colonists traded or sold to other countries
New England mainly exported fish, cattle,
sheep, ships, lumber, fur, corn, flour, rum, meat,
iron bars, horses, tobacco, clothing and wine just to name a few
One other product of the New England Colony is wailing.
Below is a video describing the wailing industry.
Imports: Imports are all products brought into the colonies most of which were from England.
Colonists imported much more than they exported so, the balance of trade was in England's favor.
The colonists imported (or made at home) almost everything they needed to sustain life: Clothing, furniture, tools, silver, books, some foodstuffs, leather goods, sugar, molasses, weapons and slaves.
1. English Puritans settled in North America,
mainly in New England
2. Puritans were generally members of the
Church of England who believed the Church of England
was insufficiently Reformed. They believed that because
the Church did not take religion seriously
that moving to New England would help to
avoid the persecution that these Puritans were currently facing.
Governmental System of New England and Voting Rights:
Only male members of the Church called ‘freemen’
were allowed to vote.
The system was also a Democratic system.
Chart on Historically Important People of New England
1.William Bradford 1620
2.John Winthrop 1630
3.John Mason 1630
4.Thomas Hooker 1636
5. Roger Williams 1636
1. Religious freedom for Separatists
2. Religious freedom for Puritans
3. Escape for those constricted by religious
and economic rules
4. Religious and economic freedom
1. Mayflower Compact. Led by William Bradford
2. Led by John Winthrop. 18,000 settlers by 1642
3. Puritan harshness led these settlers north and inland.
4. Leaders of Massachusetts asked Hooker and followers to leave.
5. Williams set up most tolerant colony
•Education was a very important to the puritans who settled in the New England colonies because they wanted everyone to be able to read the bible.
•New England was where our nations first public schools were established.
•The gap between rich and poor grew at a faster rate in New England than in any other region of the nation over the last 15 years.
The women worked on family farms alongside their husbands and often managed and ran the home
as “deputy husbands.”
•The wives political and legal rights were severely limited.
•They could not own property in their own right, and divorce, even from an abusive or irresponsible spouse was rare and difficult to obtain.
•Social classes were fairly equal, and the only differences between the classes were the level of responsibility each had to the community.
• Financially, the classes went similarly to ours today, based on wealth and possessions, with an upper, middle, and lower class.
Then came the white men, who generally owned small farms or businesses and had a family.
At the bottom were the (very few) black slaves
Then, the women who were expected
to give birth to and raise the children.
Diagram of Social Classes
• Colonists in New England successfully
replicated a social order they had known
in England based on the primary social unit
of the family.
Here are two of the main religions that were seen in the New England Society
During the 1600s, New England colonies were home to a variety of religions primarily based on Christianity however, differing in ideals and belief, some were more tolerant than others.
*Puritanism (Congregationalism) – a form of Protestantism which stood for Christianity at its purest. Other religions were frowned upon and banned. Regular church attendance was also required legally.
*Quakers – The Quakers were a group of Protestants who believed in the basic ideals of Christianity. However, unlike the Puritans, they accepted other religions in their communities and church attendance was optional as they believed in a personal spiritual connection with God.
Video on Plymouth
Rhode Island was a dominant contributor to trans-atlantic slave trading. It was on of the corners of Triangular Trade Route
Of the 5% of slaves transported, 1% went to Rhode Island.
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
Fun comic overview of this route