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Anthem vs 2112
Transcript of Anthem vs 2112
individual rights of people and how they
work collectively in a society... Balance of Society
(Utopia) Main Characters individuality EQUALITY Collective 0-0009 Liberty 5-3000 Anthem and Rush "2112"
(Dystopia) Equality 7-2521 International 4-8818 The Saint of the Pyre Context The Unmentionable Times The Great Rebirth The Great Truth The Uncharted Forest The Evil Ones Unspeakable word Plot House of Learning The Curse Sin Council of Vocations Social Meetings The Tunnel Palace of Mating Transgression of Preference The Execution "Let there be light" Moment of Truth The Golden One Time Flies Flight to the Uncharted Forest Loyalty Enlightenment 2112 Themes If there are no differences that define individuals, there will be no motivation to progress society. In order for mankind to prevent being suppressed, the citizens must maintain their individuality. There has to be a balance in power given to the government and the freedom of the people; if the government is given too much power, the people lose their freedom. Inquiry is the fundamental aspect of human nature therefore it cannot be completely dictated. Context Plot in Anthem World Council Collectivism 2112 Red Star of the Solar Federation Megadon Temples of Syrinx Oracle Elder Race The Plan in Anthem in Anthem in 2112 in 2112 Discovery Presentation The Dream If only... The Brotherhood Damned Council of Scholars In Anthem... In 2112... In Anthem & In 2112... In Anthem & in 2112... In Anthem & in 2112... HOW?? : limiting intelligence collective society suppressive government The End! The End! Unmentionable Times and Elder Race of Man in Megadon City Rebuilding of Oppressive Society realization of error by dystopic hero change- acceptance- suicide take action to try and make a difference. Equality has a natural desire to learn. As stated in the book, he believes there to be, "Mysteries in the sky and under the water and in the plants which grow. But the council of Scholars has said that there are no mysteries" (Rand pg. 23). The council tries their hardest to keep everyone equal by brainwashing the citizens, but their efforts are in vain. The council tells Equality that, "This is a great sin, to be born with a head which is too quick... the teachers told us so , and they frowned when they looked upon us" (Rand pg. 21). He was chastised for being curious and yet he still has a natural inclination to learn more. He tries to stop, but "the questions give us no rest" (Rand pg. 24). All humans have a desire for knowledge, to answer the unanswered questions that one may wonder about. Equality wants to learn the mysteries that the dystopian society he lives in has hidden from him. Likewise, in "2112", the protagonist is also oppressed. He finds a guitar, but, the Priests in charge did not believe it to be beneficial because it may cause differences and ultimately cause the society to collapse. Therefore the priests have, "taken care of everything/ the words you read, the songs you sing/ the pictures that give pleasure to your eyes" (Rush). In attempts to make the civilization uniform, the people in charge take extra precautions to make sure everything is the way they wish it to be. The guitar was not part of the Plan the priests have to keep everyone equal. The main character is supposed to be like the others, watching Temple vision or reading a Temple paper. However, because of his questioning, the society had failed in attempts to stop inquiry. Even though the world may try to stop inquisitiveness, it is impossible for it is a trait that humans cannot overpower. There is a direct correlation between the government suppressing society and the loss of individuality. Equality expresses how the collective society limits his individuality by saying , "What is my freedom, if all creatures, even the botched and the impotent, are my masters?" (Rand pg. 97). When the civilization of Anthem enforces equality, they are also simultaneously preventing differences. Put into simpler terms, when the government commands that everyone must have equal strengths and weaknesses, they are limiting the potential of the individual. Thus, a collective society restrains individuality. Similarly, in "2112" our protagonist is denied a chance to express his individuality, "Just think about the average / What use have they for you? / Another toy that helped destroy / The elder race of man / Forget about your silly whim / It doesn't fit the Plan!" (Rush). The protagonist has just presented his newly rediscovered guitar, and the Priests do not even consider the idea. However, the Priests' real reason for rejecting the idea of a guitar is because not everyone has the ability to play the guitar, and it would create differences. As the Priests enforce the ban on the guitar, they are also suppressing not only the protagonist's ability to express himself as an individual, but the entire society as well. guitar Soliloquy The main characters in the book Anthem and the play Rush were two unusual cases. However, a society where everyone strives to be similar will not progress. Living life in a society in which harsh rules punish those who are unlike one's brothers and sisters, Anthem does not progress much. In fact, the newest invention, found only 100 years ago is, "of how to make candles from wax and string; also how to make glass" (Rand 24). That is because only the council can think of the new inventions. When Equality thinks of a new invention, it is not accepted. The members of the council tells him, "How dared you gutter cleaner... to hold yourself as one alone and with the thoughts of the one and not of the many" (Rand 72). One person who may think of something to improve society, will be punished if not a scholar. The others may see this and in order to prevent the trouble that may befall them, they may listen to the harsh council and give up their individuality. The controlling council gives fear to those who may want to progress, therefore there is not much advancement. Rush also resembles Anthem. In the song, after the guitar is destroyed, the main character believes that he can "see still the incredible beauty of... the pure spirit of man... I was overwhelmed by both wonder and understanding as I saw a completely different way to life, a way that had been crushed by the Federation long ago. I saw now how meaningless life had become with the loss of all these things" (Rush). Society is equal, but no one knows of the great things that can occur if society is not homogeneous. Therefore as a given way of life, nobody knows to overthrow it. Although Anthem rules mostly through fear and Rush rules mostly through ignorance, both societies' people contribute to a slowly moving world. There are many branches of the government in "Anthem" that wield too much power. For example, The Council of Vocations is able to choose for the people what job they will have for the rest of their life. Not only that, but the government also strips the people of their ability to love. There are no families, spouses, or children. In the Palace of Mating, they simply procreate. Additionally, the government is given a power that no one (at least in our model of society) should wield; to suppress an individual's means of expression via writing, "We have broken the laws. The laws say that men may not write unless the Council of Vocations bid them so." (Rand pg. 17). In other words, only the government can tell the people when and what to write. This imbalance of power and liberty limits the individual's fundamental sense of freedom. The government simply cannot control all aspects of life; if they do, they are practically dictating everyone's lives and freedom is nonexistent. Similarly, in the song "2112" by Rush, "every single facet of life is regulated and directed..." (Rush) by the Priests. The government simply cannot suppress the people's individuality. Freedom is an unalienable right; a right that is inborn and which not even the mightiest of governments can take away. 2062 THE END!!!!