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Transcript of Solar system
The sun consists 75% hydrogen and 25% helium
chromeosphere is the outside layer of the sun
the sun is a star found at the center of the solar system
Mercury goes around the sun once every 88 earth days
Mercury has no moons or rings
closest planet to the sun the distance is 58 million km
The sun rotates on its axis once every 25.38 earth days
pluto is smaller than earths moon
The moon is not a planet but it is a satellite of the earth
The moon orbits around earth around every 29 days
The moon is the 5th largest satellite in the solar system
The Moon is Earth's only natural satellite
A full moon is about 5 times brighter than a half-moon
there are different phases of the moon
The Moon has much weaker gravity than Earth due to its smaller mass, so you would weigh about one sixth (16.5%) of your weight on Earth
The moon is much smaller than earth
The Moon is about 4.5 billion years old.
The surface of the moon has many things craters, mountains, valleys. (etc)
discoverd in 1930
no spacecraft has visited pluto
It takes about five hours for sunlight to reach Pluto.
If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would only weigh 37 pounds on Mercury.
Mercury has a very low surface gravity.
Mercury has no atmosphere which means there is no wind or weather to speak of
The surface of Mercury is very similar to our moon. It has a very rocky surface covered with many craters.
Mars orbits the sun every 687 Earth day
mars is the forth planet from the sun
the distance to earth is 225,300,000 km
earth is the closest planet to mars
The largest volcano in the Solar System is on Mars
One of Mars' moons, Phobos, is moving closer and closer to Mars. Scientists think that one day it will crash into Mars
Mars has two small moons named Phobos and Deimos
-Earth is the third planet from the sun at a distance of about 150 million km
-we live here
-Earth's atmosphere protects us from incoming meteoroids
-Earth is a rocky planet, also known as a terrestrial planet
-Earth was formed somewhere around 4.54 billion years ago
pluto has 5 known moons which are Charon, Styx, Nix, Kerberos, and Hydra
Pluto has an atmosphere
The atmosphere of Pluto consists of nitrogen with some carbon monoxide
-Phobos was discovered on August 17, 1877 by Asaph Hall.
-phobos is a really small moon with only 17 miles in length
-Their small size means that gravity on both moons is very weak.
-Venus is often called Earths twin because of the size similarity
-venus rotates counter-clockwise
-venus is the warmest planet in our solar system about 462 °C
-venus is the 2nd brightest object in out solar system
-the surface of venus is extreamly dry
-venus orbits around the sun in 255 days
-venus has 1 moon
it has 5 rings
one spacecraft has flown by neptune
8th planet from the sun
neptune is made out of hydrogen
fourth largest in the solar system
neptunes largest moon is the Triton
-it takes 116 earth days to spin on its axis
-uranus Has 27 moon
the strongest wind in the solar system was recorded on neptune
neptune has dark spots
-made of rocks and ice
-uranus cannot be seen from earth without a telescope
-Uranus takes 17.9 hours to turn once on its own axis
-the temperature on uranus is -197 °C
-the planet was discovered march 13th, 1781
-largest planet in the solar system
-the distance from the sun is 778,500,000 km
- 4 known rings
-the surface temperature is -108°C
-jupiter has 67 moons
-8 spacecrafts have visited jupiter
-jupiter rotates faster than any planet in the solar system
saturn is the sixth planet from the sun
saturn has 30+ known rings
saturn is not solid it is a giant gas planet
5 missions have been sent to saturn since 2004
THE EARTH written by Cynthia Pratt Nicolson, illustrated by Bill Slavin