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Health Trends, Issues, and Concerns (Global Level)
Transcript of Health Trends, Issues, and Concerns (Global Level)
Tuberculosis, commonly known as TB (tubercle bacillus), is a bacterial infection that can spread through the lymph nodes and bloodstream to any organ in your body. It is most often found in the lungs.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) HIV is transmitted primarily via unprotected sexual intercourse (including anal and oral sex), contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding.
Drug Use and Abuse
Drug Abuse/Addiction is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the drug substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others.
Global Health Issues, Concerns, and Trends
A non-communicable disease, or NCD, is a medical condition or disease that can be defined as non-infectious and non-transmissible among people. NCDs can refer to chronic diseases (heart diseases, stroke, cancers, asthma, diabetes, kidney diseases, osteoporosis, others) which last for long periods of time and progress slowly.
UNIT 3: Health Trends, Issues, and Concerns (Global Level)
Malaria and other vector-borne
Malaria (mosquito-borne infectious disease) causes symptoms that typically include fever, fatigue, vomiting and headaches. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma or death.
Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host. Examples are: Ebola virus disease; flu, measles; tuberculosis; sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); HIV/AIDS; among others.
Mental Health and Mental Disorder
Mental health is a level of psychological well-being and the absence of a mental disorder (autism, alcohol dependence, extreme anxiety, phobias, bipolar disorder, caffeine dependence, dyslexia, depression, kleptomania, obsessive-compulsive disorder, among others).
Immunization, or vaccination is the safe and effective use of a small amount of a weakened or killed virus or bacteria or bits of lab-made protein that imitate the virus in order to prevent infection by that same virus or bacteria. When you get an immunization, you're injected with a weakened form of (or a fragment of) a disease. This triggers your body's immune response, causing it to either produce antibodies to that particular ailment or induce other processes that enhance immunity.
Prevention is better than cure.
Alcohol and Tobacco Abuse/Addiction
the excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco
causes non-communicable and communicable diseases
Vectors are living organisms that can transmit infectious diseases between humans or from animals to humans.
Vector-borne diseases account for more than 17% of all infectious diseases, causing more than 1 million deaths annually.