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Rachel V

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Camera

Innovation #1- Collodion Process
Niepse used a "Camera Obscura", an invention that reflected images using mirrors. In the back, he added a pewter plate coated in a substance called bitumen, a type of petroleum that hardens in light exposure. He then washed the plate with oil of lavender and white petroleum (used to remove any bitumen not hardened by light) leaving only the image on the plate. This process took over eight hours.
Global Impact of the Camera
Discipline(s) of Engineering
When was the first camera invented? By whom?
Innovation #4- Color
Innovation #5- Digital Camera
Innovation #3- Kodak Brownie
What needs did this product address?
How was the camera originally made?
Innovation #2- Stereoscope
By: Hannah Butler and Rachel Goff
5th Period

The first camera was invented in 1685 by Johann Zahn, however, the first photograph was taken in 1814 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce. These cameras were very impractical because of their large size and difficulty to transport.The camera addressed the desire to save "memories" that was a commonly thought of idea. The first time a device like the camera was mentioned was in Ibn-al-Haytham's Book of Optics in 1021.
What materials were originally used to make the camera?
The Collodion process was invented in 1851 by Frederick Scott Archer. This process created a glass negative of the image. Many people used this process because the pictures produced were very clear compared to what they had before. They also were very easy to reproduce. The disadvantages were that it could be a timely process.
Your left and right eye sees images differently, because of their positioning. The different viewpoints of our eyes allow us to see depth, allowing us to see in 3 dimensions. A stereoscope is composed of two lenses in a camera mounted next to each other, approximately the same distance apart as our eyes (about 2.5 inches). Each of the lenses take a separate photograph, which is then merged to form a single 3-D photograph.
Polaroid introduces Polacolor, which is an instant color film for the camera, in 1963. This is the first color camera to be marketed in the U.S. professional market and to the amateur market as well.
The first Kodak Brownie was invented by Frank A. Brownell in 1900. This camera could take motion pictures (videos) and was made of very low cost materials. The advantages were the low cost and the ability to hold the camera while taking a picture as opposed to the previous cameras that had to be set on a table or stand. It allowed everyone to take pictures, not just professionals.
Innovation #1- Collodion Process
Camera Obscura is the first development of the camera. It means "Dark Room" in Latin. The camera is in the shape of a box with a hole on one side of it. The hole is a certain proportion to the box so that the camera obscura works properly. The way it works is by the light coming through the hole and creates an image on the surface that it hits, which in this case, the wall of the box. The image was mirrored and upside down, however, so the image wasn't accurate.
Who Invented…? (2010, January 1). Retrieved September 4, 2014, from http://whoinvented.org/who-invented-camera/
KEH Camera Blog: Kodak Brownie No. 2 Model F. (n.d.). Retrieved September 4, 2014, from http://www.kehblog.com/2013/10/kodak-brownie-no-2-model-f.html
What Materials Were Originally Used to Make the Camera? (2011, May 18). Retrieved September 4, 2014, from http://www.ehow.com/info_8442999_materials-originally-used-make-camera.html
A History of Photography Part 1: The Beginning - Tuts Photo & Video Article. (n.d.). Retrieved September 4, 2014, from http://photography.tutsplus.com/articles/a-history-of-photography-part-1-the-beginning--photo-1908
Polaroid Land Camera 101 Automatic. (n.d.). Retrieved September 4, 2014, from https://www.flickr.com/photos/shebicycles/6244513791/
Photography: The Wet Collodion Process. (n.d.). Retrieved September 3, 2014, from http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/videoDetails?segid=1726
The Brownie Camera @ 100: A Celebration. (n.d.). Retrieved September 4, 2014, from http://www.kodak.com/US/en/corp/features/brownieCam/
A Brief Timeline of Polaroid. (n.d.). Retrieved September 3, 2014, from http://www.bu.edu/prc/forms/polatimeline.pdf
Stereoscope. (n.d.). Retrieved September 4, 2014, from http://courses.ncssm.edu/gallery/collections/toys/html/exhibit01.htm
This was the first camera that digitally took photos. Invented by Steve Sasson at Kodak in 1975, this camera was a big improvement. The camera weighed 8 pounds and took 23 seconds to take a picture. The data was read from the camera and then showed up on a TV set.
Materials Engineer
Electrical Engineer
Materials engineers use different types of common and unique materials to solve problems. Cameras are made of many different aspects that all have different materials that are essential to make the photograph. With every innovation, engineers have had to look at different materials to figure out which are the best for bettering the camera.
Electrical engineers deal with technology and robotics. An electrical engineer would have been essential to creating the digital camera because they had to figure out how to transfer the images from one place to another. Electrical engineers developed the camera from making it able to press a button and take a picture to being able to transfer images from one place to another.
Types of Engineering | NACME - NACME. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nacme.org/types-of-engineering
The World's First Digital Camera by Kodak and Steve Sasson. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://petapixel.com/2010/08/05/the-worlds-first-digital-camera-by-kodak-and-steve-sasson/
The camera has revolutionized entertainment in society. From pictures of space to capturing criminals, the camera has impacted society in many ways. Try to imagine a world without pictures or videos. It is practically impossible.
The camera has also had many effects on the environment. The camera is made of harmful materials and substances that can harm the environment. However, digital cameras are less harmful because they do not require all of the harsh chemicals of film processing plants. Film cameras must have the film sent to a processing center that, when operating, emits harmful chemicals into the air.
Why Digital Cameras Are Environmentally Friendly? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/34121/photography/why_digital_cameras_are_environmentally_friendly.html
Today, cameras are used everywhere. From phones to movies, cameras and photography have become a major part of everyday life. Now we can snap 10-20 photos in less than 5 seconds. This is a major improvement from having to sit in the position for hours at a time. The pictures continue to become clearer and clearer and much easier to access. Photography will continue to improve and grow and will continue to shape our lives in the future.
The Camera Today
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