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Guns, Germs & Steel Chapter 8
Transcript of Guns, Germs & Steel Chapter 8
"But then reflect that the vast majority of wild plants are unsuitable for obvious reasons: they are woody, they produce no edible fruit, and their leaves and roots are inedible" (132).
Interactions Between Humans and The Environment, because
this has to do as well with agriculture and why different foods
are in different parts of the earth and not in the same parts
all over the globe.
Did agriculture fail in some areas of the world because of cultural characteristics of the people living there or because of the lack of suitable wild plants that could have been domesticated?
Agriculture failed in different areas of the world, not because of humans cultural characteristics or because there was no wild plants in those areas, but because of the lack of wild plants and animals that were necessary for domestication in those areas.
Analysis of the process of change and continuity
*Evolution of plants
Inedible plants--> Edible plants
Hunter - gatherer --> Domesticate crops
Cross pollinated --> The transfer of pollen from an anther of the flower of one plant to a stigma of the flower of another plant
*Domestication of animals
People continued using the method of domestication of animals as one of their food source
Geography is still one of the explanation for why one group own more than the other group.
Not all the regions can domesticate wild plants or animals.
Some areas have more advantages such as climate and resources
For Example: Fertile Crescent ==> Mediterranean Climate
Chapter 8: Apples & Indians
Central Argument & Thesis
Fertile Crescent (136-137)
A fertile area located in the Middle East. It extended from the Nile Valley to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
They had wet winters and hot, dry summers which meant better crops = more food.
-There were crops that were already being used that were easy to grow. Ex: Wheat
-Many crops were self-pollinating or cross-pollinated.
Western Eurasia (138-142)
-"Mediterranean climate" impacted this area more than any other parts of the world.
-Eurasia's seasons have a lot of variety throughout the year.
-Has different altitudes and geographic features.
-It is biologically diverse.
-Faced less competition because of the hunter-gather lifestyles.
Guns, Germs & Steel by Jared Diamond
By: Daisy, Yuris, Christine & Aristotle