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IDEA: Zero Reject

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Kim Brown

on 28 June 2013

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Transcript of IDEA: Zero Reject

IDEA: Zero Reject
Zero Reject Principle
* This IDEA principle requires schools to provide a free and appropriate public education and prohibits schools from excluding any student with a disability

* Zero Reject entails students with disabilities to receive the appropriate needs to fit his/her education plan
* Prior to IDEA being enacted:
- More than 1 million children with disabilities were excluded from public education
- Fifty percent of children with disabilities received an inappropriate education
- There were low expectations set for these students

* Example: Maine Public School Districts were allowed to exclude any child whose physical or mental conditions made it improper for him/her to attend
* PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania:
(1972) Resulted in the establishment of rights for children (5-21) with disabilities to have access to a free and equal education
* Case challenged the exclusion of students with disabilities in public school
Rights and Duties
* It is the responsibility of the school system to locate, identify, and provide services to all eligible students with disabilities (3-21).
* Two criteria for Child Find: Student must be determined to have a disability covered by IDEA, and because of the disability, student needs special education and related services
Purpose and Provision
* Zero Reject requires the responsibility of the institution to meet the needs of students with disabilities, regardless of nature or severity
* Students with disabilities are guaranteed equal opportunity
* All students possess individual rights of an appropriate education in alignment with standards and guidelines
* Zero Reject also applies to hospitals, transportation, other institutions, telecommunications, etc.
* Mills v. BOE of District of Columbia: (1972)
Resulted in providing every child with equal opportunity for education
* Case stated it is the school's responsibility to provide a free education to all
* Americans with Disabilities Act: (1990) Equal opportunity for employment, transportation, education, telecommunications, state and federal services
* Rehabilitation Act (Section 504): (1973) Discrimination of handicapped addressed for the first time in this section. Qualified people applying for employment could not be discriminated against because of disability
* Education for All Handicapped Children Act PL 94-142: (1975) Mandated all states and federal government provide a free and proper education for children with disabilities regardless of severity
- Free and appropriate education
- Individualized education programs with parental involvement
- Established due process proceedings
- Provide an education in the least restrictive environment
* 14th Amendment under Equal Protection Clause in the United States Constitution
* No Child Left Behind incorporated into all education systems:
- Ensure learning environment is safe and conducive to learning
- Ensure students are taught responsibility and held to school standards
- IEP mutual agreement
- No cessation of services (suspension/expulsion cannot exceed more than 10 days)
* A child's IEP must be meaningful and appropriate to the child
Rights and Duties
and Partnership
* Families are to be notified in writing with a reasonable amount of time about any changes with their child's education plan, identification, evaluation, or placement
* Parents have a right to any records involving their child
* Confidentiality
* Be informed of any factors the public agency considered in decisions with explanation
* Description of evaluations, tests, records, etc.
* Must have parental consent for decisions

Rights and Duties
and Partnership
* Educator must be knowledgeable of child's IEP
* Must collect information from many services for correct placement and evaluation documented carefully
* Educator and public agency must keep family up to date and informed
* Make sure placement decisions are made by the group/team effort - work together
* IEP annual review according to guidelines
* Assure individualization
* Provide supplementary aid/aides and services in classroom setting
* Educator using Universal Design Learning
Promoting IDEA
* Zero Reject is the major foundation of IDEA in providing the most appropriate and equal education opportunities to students with disabilities
* The principle supports and encourages student participation by no exclusion of education rights and integrating those students into the system as normal as possible
* Students are treated with the same respect and education, living, and self-sufficient opportunities as any other person based on past history and the continued work towards such
* Students with disabilities are pushed to include themselves in the community equal to them
- arksped.k12.ar.us
- lawhighereducation.com
- disabilitypolicycenter.org
- ed.ss.edu/spedlaw

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