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The Texas Bureaucracy and Policy Implementation
Transcript of The Texas Bureaucracy and Policy Implementation
A phenomenon which raised suspicion of possible inside influence over regulatory influence
Young attorneys working for state agencies made influential contacts and gain experience in a particular regulatory area in which they would leave and soon pursue higher paying jobs in industries once they had regulated and represent new employers before state boards and commissions they had once worked for.
Characteristics of Bureaucracies
Implementation is the conversion of policy plans into reality
What does that mean?
Actually going through with something.
Obstacles to Implementation
The Texas Bureaucracy and Policy Implementation
Agencies are not always good in their ethics.
Whistle-blower :Law that protects employees who suffer repercussions from bosses for reporting corruption.
Whistle-blower compensation limited to 250,000
Max Weber regarded bureaucracy as efficient means
of organizing large numbers of people to carry out
require tasks for accomplishing specific goals
Size- Whether it is defined in terms of the number of employees, size of budgets, or number of programs administered, size suggests complex relationships among people working for the administration.
Employees of some large state agencies are scattered among many cities, and both the size and geographic dispersion of these agencies contribute to their organizational hierarchy
Merit Systems and professional management
How much money are whistle blowing cases limited to now?
What does LBB stand for?
Why was the Merit Employment System created?
#2 Red tape is excessive bureaucracy
#3 Legislative Budget Board
#4 Employees hired on basis of personal relationships
Considered "the fourth branch of government"
Red Tape: too many bureaucrats :(
The growth of Employment in Texas
According to our textbook, Texas had 504,000 full time state and local government and by 2007 Texas had 1,344,442.
82% of state government employees work in higher education, public safety and corrections, and social services.
86% of county government employees work social services, public safety and corrections, and general governmental administration.
38% of city employees work in fire and police protection
30% work for city utilities and in housing, sanitation, parks and recreation, and natural resources departments
Some legislative policies are misdirected
Some programs become inappropriate when its out of date
Failure to fund programs adequately
Programs produce unanticipated results
Other factors also affect the accountability and responsiveness of state and local agencies
Legislative Budgetary Control
Legislature oversees agencies and makes sure they are on track.
Licensing: Make sure companies provide services to the public. Ensure that doctors, nurses, ect. have permits to practice and are qualified to do their job.
Ex. permits for oil, natural resources.
Many kinds of regulation like policies, workplace regulation and safety.
In conclusion, the Legislature uses regulation to keep agencies in check.
Define red tape.
Employees were hired on the basis of the personal relationships they had with elected or appointed public officials. Skills and experience didn’t really matter back then.
Pushing for a reform
In 1883 the csc (civil service commission) created the Merit employment system which was a system in which employees were chosen for government jobs through evaluation job performances and competitive examinations.
It would be fair for the people who are actually qualified for the certain jobs they seeked and less discrimination as well.
Federal laws would finally prohibit hiring discrimination based on age,sex,disabilities, sexual orientation and race.
Our current Texas system
Legislature has legal power to define personnel practice and budgets to establish job qualifications.
Highly decentralized personnel system
Many jobs are still filled because of friendships, personal contacts etc..
Legislative audit committee
Division in States Auditors office
Establishes holidays, vacation policies, and retirement.
Every 2 years legislature sets budgets for state agencies
The Legislative Budget Board (LBB) can transfer appropriate funds to agencies with governor without the it being in session.
Legislative Committees can question agencies about spending and can also hold hearings.
Legislators also impose or restrict specific spending instructions
Determines ways to eliminate mismanagement and inefficiency and to save tax dollars.
Make recommendations so state agencies can further reconstruct itself and its operations.
Reviews that are required to report how effectively state agencies are doing their jobs.
Within the Sunset Review process, commission will determine whether or not the agency should stay and if so, it provides changes organization and operations.
Both Education Board and the state agencies created by the constitution is not subjected to sunset review.
This process has helped slow the growth of new state agencies and has increased the responsiveness of some state agencies toward the public.