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The Reading Assessment Research Graphic Organizer
Transcript of The Reading Assessment Research Graphic Organizer
Cassandra Johnson, Jason St. Clair, Dana Williams, Tiffany Yeager
November 17, 2013
Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS)
DIBELS is designed for use in identifying children experiencing difficulty in acquisition of basic literacy skills in order to provide support early and prevent the occurrence of later reading difficulties.
Early Reading Diagnostic Assessment
Woodcock Mini Battery of Achievement
The Woodcock Mini Battery of Achievement is an individually administered, brief, and comprehensive measure of academic achievement designed to assess a broad cross section of skills across a wide age range.
Developmental Reading Assessment
"The Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) is an individually administered assessment of a child's reading capabilities" (Scholastic, 2013). Teachers use this assessment to determine the reading level of the student along with his or her accuracy, fluency, and comprehension of literature.
Dynamic Measurement Group. (n.d.). What are DIBELS?. Retrieved from http://dibels.org/dibels.html
Harrison, G. (n.d.). A Review of the Early Reading Diagnostic Assessment, Second Edition. Retrieved from http://cjs.sagepub.com/content/20/1-2/111.full.pdf
Homeschool Resource Specialist. (n.d.). Woodcock Johnson Achievement Battery. Retrieved from http://www.homeschoolresourcesp.com/woodcockjohnson.html
Michigans Integrated Behavior and Learning Support Initiative. (n.d.). DIBELS. Retrieved from http://miblsi.cenmi.org/MiBLSiModel/Evaluation/Measures/DIBELSElementarySchools.aspx
PASD (Nov 2008). DRA Summary. Retrieved from http://www.pasd.k12.pa.us/cms/lib02/pa01001354/centricity/domain/34/dra_summary.pdf
Pearson. (2013). Early Reading Diagnostic Assessment – Second Edition (ERDA-11). Retrieved from http://www.pearsonclinical.com.au/productdetails/119#photo119
Scholastic. (2013). Assess DRA Reading Levels. Retrieved from http://www.scholastic.com/parents/resources/article/book-selection-tips/assess-dra-reading-levels
Woodcock, McGrew & Werder. (1994). Mini-Battery of Achievement. Retrieved from http://college.cengage.com/education/salvia/assessment/10e/resources/salvia_test_mini_battery_achievement.pdf
What is DIBELS?
DIBELS are a set of procedures and measures for assessing the acquisition of early literacy skills from K-6.
DIBELS measure a student’s ability to hear the individual sounds or phonemes in words, to decode words, and to read connected text.
DIBELS are designed to be short fluency measures used to regularly monitor the development of early literacy and reading skills.
These skills predict later reading success.
DIBELS and the Seven Measures
The seven measures are indicators of:
Accuracy and fluency with connected text
Benefits of DIBELS
Identifies students who may be at risk for reading difficulties
Assists teachers in identifying areas to target instructional support
Monitors at-risk students while they receive additional, targeted instruction
Examines the effectiveness of your school's system of instructional supports
Established by research
Sub-test scores are sensitive to small gains
Economical, simple, and efficient to administer
The student can be retested if the teacher thinks the first test was invalid.
Challenges with DIBLES
Training is required.
Consistent data is required, which means more than one person doing the same student might get different results.
DIBELS are not typically thought of as a diagnostic tool.
The Early Reading Diagnostic Assessment is an individually administered diagnostic instrument to identify young children at risk for reading difficulties. The detailed year specific information about children's reading development can help develop targeted instruction to ensure no child is left behind.
Pros and Cons
Teacher friendly and easy to administer
Manual is easy to read with step by step instructions.
Teacher does not need formal training to use.
Provides a comprehensive overview of the student's reading and writing abilities.
Assesses and targets early to prevent reading failure.
Assesses all five essential reading components
Provides a detailed report for the parents.
Provides an assessment for beginning and end of school year which will detect progression.
Individual test is lengthy and requires 40-60 minutes to assess each individual student.
Created to assess students in the Kindergarten - 3rd grades.
Tests all 5 essential reading components:
The results pin point areas where students are deficient in reading. This early detection enables teachers to create specialized plans to strengthen areas that are weak. The results also provide detailed information that can be shared with parents. This knowledge helps teachers and parents create a partnership that will help assist students in their growth.
Phonemic and Phonological Awareness
Pseudo word decoding
Target words in context
Rapid Automatic Naming (RAN) of digits
Letters, Words, and Words & Digits
Word opposites, synonyms
Word definitions & multiple meanings
Story retell, listening comprehension
The Mini Battery of Achievement (MBA) tests individuals from the age of 4 - 90 years old.
Four areas of examination:
Letter and word identification skills
Reasoning and Concepts
General information sub-test on other measures and includes an assessment of knowledge of facts and concepts drawn from social studies, science, and humanities
Scoring is combined into a basic skills cluster. Raw scores may be converted to grade scores, age equivalents, standard scores, percentile scores, normal-curve equivalents, and T-scores
Pros and Cons of MBA
No time limit
No answer sheet errors
Allows the student to rise above their ability
Language can be stilted and awkward
Narrowly defined grade comparisons
How is it administered?
The Developmental Reading Assessment is given by either a teacher or specialist and requires the student to read a selection of literature and verbally express the information read to the reviewer. The difficulty of the text increases with each level.
Student's in grades 1-3 are tested in the following sections, using the given skill sets;
1. Phonemic Awareness
2. Alphabetic principle/phonics
words per minute for contextual reading
DRA reveals characteristics of students reading and assigns them benchmarks.
are familiar with letters and words, use cues to determine patterns, and can sometimes retell a story with some elements by the end of kindergarten (PASD, Nov 2008).
can read sort texts, recognize high frequency words, retell the story with increasing amount of detail, and link the story to personal experience by the middle of first grade (PASD, Nov 2008).
read longer texts and more frequently to themselves. The student's fluency improves, they can self correct miscues, and are able to look beyond themselves for connection by the conclusion of second grade (PASD, Nov 2008).
are motivated to select reading material for a variety of reasons, read independently, and are able to explore new genres. Strategies come automatically and connections are made to other pieces of literature (PASD, Nov 2008). At the end of third grade, students are expected to be equipped to explore new ideas an expand knowledge through a variety of reading strategies.
Benefits of using DRA
Information provided by the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) allows teachers to organize placement of the students and to effectively plan instruction in th classroom. Having this information also allows teachers and parents o encourage reading success for learners using material within a student's comfort level and in a positive manner.