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Megan P

on 11 September 2013

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1 girl, 1000s of voices
What happened?
1 in 4 primary school children in Pakistan, 5 million in total, are out of school. Around half of the children that have the opportunity to be in school drop out before the end of grade 3.

Behind this desperate picture the inequalities of gender education are some of the worlds poorest. Urban boys from the wealthiest 20% of households average 10 years of schooling. By contrast, rural girls from poor households get just one year.

What articles does Malala's attack breach and why?
Article 2
2.Don’t Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences.
Malala is female and was standing up for female rights; she was discriminated against because of her sex.
Article 3
Article 19
Malala Yousafzai tried to change this. She stood up for gender equal education at the risk of her own safety and on the 9th of October, 2012, she was shot on her way home from school by Taliban members.
Malala Yousafzai is a women’s and children’s educational rights activist who was shot on her school bus on October 9th 2012 by the Taliban because of her defiance against their rulings. She was shot on the left side of her head, with the bullet grazing her brain leaving her in a critical condition
This case breaches 7 of the 30 human rights stated on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
These are:
Article 1
26. Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn.
Malala was standing up for the legal rights of woman all around Pakistan when she was violently shot in the head. Education was not given to her; she had no opportunity to freely attend an elementary school. Malala’s parents were unable to choose the type of education that Malala received.

1.We Are All Born Free & Equal. We should all be treated in the same way.
Malala was shot because she was standing up for the rights of women, and she is female. In the eyes of the shooters and the people who organised the attack she is not equal and they did not act towards her “in a spirit of brother hood”
3. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety.
She was attacked and an attempt upon her life was made
19. We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people.

Malala was speaking out for women's education and expressing a subject that she believed to be very important and was attacked because of it

20. We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don’t want to.
Malala was attacked because she did not agree with the Taliban and publicly spoke out about them- she did not want to conform to this group.
Article 20
22. We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on, and medical help if we are ill or old.
Throughout the attack, her treatment and recovery period there is little mention or evidence to support any assistance that the Pakistan government provided.
Article 22
Article 26
How this event occurred
On October 9th 2012 at the age of 15, Malala Yousafzai suffered an attack by unidentified men. It was later revealed that these men belonged to the Taliban. Whilst she was returning from school these men stopped her bus and opened fire on everyone on it.
Malala was shot in the head, a bullet barely missing her brain and entering her shoulder, leaving her in a critical condition. The Taliban's objective was to kill Malala but they failed to do so.
Even though the Taliban threaten to continue their attempts to assassinate Malala, she says she will return to Pakistan, where there is much conflict between the government and rebel forces, and continue her fight for women’s education.
Why this event occurred
700,000 school-age children in Malala’s home province do not attend school. Of this number 600,000 are girls. The Taliban is the major reason why so many girls do not receive an education and this is what led to Malala’s fight for equal education.
Malala knew that under Talibans rule, girls’ education would continue to suffer. However, her opinion and defiance against the Taliban is what ,ultimately, led to her being shot. The Taliban also believed that her writings were provocative and were against the Islamic system which they were trying to establish.
Short term effects
Malala was shot in the head, almost killing her. She was flown to The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham and had a craniotomy performed on her- this is where a part of her skull was removed in order to remove the bullet and relieve swelling- this was a five hour operation. After her surgery she was unable to feed herself and so was put on a feeding tube, risks from her surgery lasted long after the operation was completed and Malala was required to stay in the hospital of a foreign country for around 3 months in order to recover·
In order to perform the craniotomy the surgeons had to shave half of her head

Long term effects
Physical long term effects on Malala
· She has a weakness on the left side of her face which is thought to recover after a year but it is not certain whether it will ever be completely the same.
· Malala has lost a significant amount of hearing in her left ear and is required to wear a cochlear implant.
· She will always have scars from the surgery and the shooting.
· The missing portion of her skull was implanted in her abdomen in case it is needed to repair her skull in the future.
Emotional long term effects on Malala
· The constant fear of being attacked again by the Taliban.
· Severe memories of the event and seeing her friends hurt.
· The feeling of guilt that she was the reason that her friends were shot.
Social impacts on Malala
· Malala was forced to leave Pakistan due to all the death threats, which meant that she has had to leave friends and family and settle in an entirely new country

The Malala Yousafzai case
Response by an individual
“Dear sisters and brothers, I am not against anyone. Neither am I here to speak in terms of personal revenge against the Taliban or any other terrorists group. I am here to speak up for the right of education of every child. I want education for the sons and the daughters of all the extremists especially the Taliban.."
This is an exert out of Malala's speech to the UN on her 16th Birthday, 12 July 2013. After she was shot.

Role of the Media
The media played a huge part in this human rights violation. The broadcast of this event reached millions around the world and touched the hearts of people everywhere. People were shocked that this kind of thing would happen to a young innocent woman just standing up for what was right. The media retold the shocking story of Malala Yousafzai on numerous occasions in an attempt to change our thoughts on the rights of girls under the control of the Taliban.
The media has helped her story to be heard. It has reached most of the Western world where our morals are different and it helps us to be able to understand how terrible the living conditions are in Pakistan. Malala has gained thousands of advocates around the world, all fighting for the same cause- the right to education and equality. More people have become aware and understanding of refugees and the terror that Pakistani woman face every day. The story of her strength has encouraged many women in her country to take action and to fight for their rights and endeavors that Malala would not have been able to achieve without the aid of the media.

Girls education in Pakistan
The Taliban began their uprising in Pakistan in 2009. Many bans started to be put in place with girls education one of these. Girls’ schools suffered under Taliban rule with hundreds destroyed. Even though no girls were allowed to attend school this did not stop Malala from continuing her education. However, once the schools reopened the numbers of students did not return to the numbers they were at before.
Shazia, one of Malala friends was shot in the neck and arm which led to her spending a month in hospital in order to recover.
Malala's family’s safety is also an issue as they are in danger as well if they return. Whilst Malala made her recovery her family stayed with her in Britain, this meant leaving Pakistan for that period of time.
Malala’s father owned an all-girls school which was threatened by the Taliban because of Malala's defiance.
Long term effects on others:
This speech is Malala’s response to her attack. Instead of being afraid and backing off, she spoke.
It states here, that she feels no remorse or hatred towards anyone and is using her experience to be the bigger person and her passion to communicate her message around the world.
She is grateful to the hospital that raised money for her in Britain and just wishes that her own country would pull together and see the message she is trying to convey. In the end it is a great achievement for her voice to be heard around the world, but it is her own government that will be the change of education that will change the countries youth and therefore the countries future.
Effects on the global community
The short term effects on the global community sparked as the shock and appall of the attack on Malala went viral. Media coverage of the incident aired in a range of countries all over the world, and Malala's recovery was continuously updated, as the world waited to hear how she was doing. This incident also alerted people to the topic of girls education, and how this terrible crime could have been committed.

July 12th, 2013 was Malala Day. To celebrate Malala day, the global community came together to highlight the leading role that youth can play in enabling children to have a proper education. She marked the day by giving her inspirational speech at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, her first formal speech since the attack.

A long term effect from this attack on the global community is the action being taken by international youth leaders around the world. The plan which is apart of the 'Global Education First Initiative' is to support reaching the goal of having all children, in particular girls, in schools and learning by 2015. The world is now also more aware of the bleak situation in Pakistan and so more people are willing to help.
· "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights." Welcome to the United Nations: It's Your World. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Aug. 2013. <http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/>.
· "Malala." attack on malala. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2013. www.globaleducationfirst.org/malaladay.html> .
· "some of the restrictions imposed by Taliban in Afghanistan." Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA). N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://www.rawa.org/rules.htm>.
· "Malala Yousafzai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malala_Yousafzai>.
· "Malala Yousafzai receives International Children's Peace Prize 2013 - News Oneindia." India News, Breaking News, Latest News Headlines, Live & Current News Alerts, Business, Sports, Politics - Oneindia News . N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://news.oneindia.in/2013/08/27/malala-yousafzai-receives-international-children-peace-prize-1292945.html>.
· Rochon, Nicolas. " Malala Yousafzai and the fight for young girls' right to education — The International." The International. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://www.theinternational.org/articles/447-malala-yousafzai-and-the-fight-for-young>.
· "The Malala Effect: Pakistanis Are Angry, Want to Finish Off the Taliban - Abubakar Siddique - The Atlantic." The Atlantic — News and analysis on politics, business, culture, technology, national, international, and life – TheAtlantic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/10/the-malala-effect-pakistanis-are-angry-want-to-finish-off-the-taliban/263777/>.
· "The story of Malala's friend: Brightening girls' lives with education - CNN.com." CNN.com International - Breaking, World, Business, Sports, Entertainment and Video News. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://edition.cnn.com/2013/07/01/opinion/shazia-gordon-brown>.
· Speech." Malala. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Sept. 2013. https://secure.aworldatschool.org/page/content/the-text-of-malala-yousafzais-speech-at-the-united-nations/.
· "Who is Malala Yousafzai? | NDTV.com." NDTV.com: India, Business, Bollywood, Cricket, Video and Breaking News. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Aug. 2013. <http://www.ndtv.com/article/people/who-is-malala-yousafzai-287372>.
By Megan, Shaylee, Kate and Jess
Full transcript