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The Open Boat
Transcript of The Open Boat
The Open Boat by Stephen Crane
Presented by: Isamar, Vivian,
Eriana, Jalen,and Sami
trapped on a tiny lifeboat in the Atlantic ocean
inspired by real life experience(Jan 1897 off the coast of Florida Crane was stranded for 36 hours on the ship Commodore)
:represents the author when he was on the Commodore
Man vs. Nature
Precis of the Short Story
Stephen established himself as one of the leaders of the naturalist movement, a highly regarded writer of his century.
crane had a real life experience of being stranded in a dinghy on the Atlantic ocean
symbolic implications of fighting for ones life for ones survival.
The Writer's Other Works
Four men are on an open boat and they are stranded. The Captain is lying on the bow injured. They are rowing to try to get ashore. They get ignored from the people on shore. They take turns rowing at night. They row to shore while a man helps them. All the men are saved except the Oiler. They learned a lesson in survival.
Point of View
Wrote many novels, short stories, and poems.
Critiqued as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.
Often uses naturalism, impressionism, and realism.
Theme of "The Open Boat" is consistent with theme of many other works.
Maggie: "A Girl of the Streets" (1893), "The Red Badge of Courage: An Episode of the American Civil War" (1895), "War is Kind" (1899)
minor character perspective
-Naturalism literary movement(late 19th to early 20th century)
*focused on ordinary people
*believed that a person's fate is determined by environment,hereditary and chance
The Open Boat does follow freytag's pyramid becasuse it has an exposition climax and resolution. The conflict is external because they are fighting against the ocean. The conflict is resolved when they row back to shore.
Literary Devices & Quotes
A singular disadvantage to the sea lies in the fact that after successfully surmounting one wave you discover that there is another one behind it just as important and just as nervously anxious to do something effective in the way of swamping boats(Crane 505).
To express any particular optimism at this time they felt to be childish and stupid, but they all doubtless possessed this sense of the situation in their mind (Crane 506).
Sometimes they sat down on the sea, near patches of brown seaweed hat rolled over the waves with a movement like carpets on a line in a gale (Crane 507).
The captain naturally wished to knock it away with the end of the heavy painter, but he did not dare do it, because anything resembling an emphatic gesture would have capsized this freighted boat...(Crane 507).