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Gerson Albuquerque da Silva

on 7 September 2012

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PRESENT PERFECT We use the present perfect when we talk about something that happened in a period of time up to the present PAST PRESENT (cc) image by jantik on Flickr USES OF PRESENT PERFECT 1. Situations that began in the past, continue to the present I have worked here since 2001 2. Actions completed in the past but related to the present I have washed my hands so that I can help you with cooking 3.Actions recently completed I have just arrived here When we talk about how many times we have repeated an action Stella has seen that film four times When we talk about how much we have completed I have written 2 pages of my composition When we talk about a time period that is not finished, such as this morning , this month, today, this afternoon I have seen him today Experiences that we have or haven't had in our lives, there is not a definite time given - up to now. In this case we use ever and never I have been to Spain For actions which happened in the past but we don't mention an exact time He has seen that film FORM AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVES INTERROGATIVES have/ has/haven't/ hasn't subject Past participle SUBJECT HAVE/HAS PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT HAVEN'T
HASN'T PAST PARTICIPLE + - ? They have known each other for a long time She hasn't eaten lunch Have you been here before Exercise: Listen to this news, and answer the questions PAST PERFECT We use the past perfect to talk about a past situation or activity that took place before another past situation or activity or before a particular time in the past Leslie lied Jo discovered (cc) image by jantik on Flickr now Head Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body FORM Affirmative Negative Interrogative HAD/ HAD'NT SUBJECT PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT HAD'NT PAST PARTICIPLE HAD Example: Jo discovered that Leslie had lied to her EXAMPLES OF PAST PERFECT TENSE THE FILM HAD ALREADY BEGUN BY THE TIME WE GOT TO THE CINEMA BILL HAD SAVED ENOUGH MONEY TO BUY THE BIKE HE WANTED I HAD WANTED TO VISIT THE GALLERY BEFORE I LEFT FLORENCE, BUT IT'S CLOSED ON SUNDAYS FUTURE PERFECT We use the future perfect to say that something will be ended, completed or achieved by a particular point in the future. 2010 2005 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr PAST PRESENT FUTURE EXAMPLE: NEXT TIME I SEE YOU I'LL HAVE SOLVED THIS PROBLEM SOLVED THIS PROBLEM NEXT TIME I SEE YOU EXAMPLES OF FUTURE PERFECT FORM AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE WILL/WON'T SUBJECT PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT WILL HAVE PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT WON'T PAST PARTICIPLE HAVE HAVE I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Rio We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance. Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006? Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before USES OF PAST PERFECT Completed Action Before Something in the Past I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet DURATION BEFORE SOMETHING IN THE PAST WE HAD HAD THAT CAR FOR TEN YEARS BEFORE IT BROKE DOWN FUTURE PERFECT WE USE THE FUTURE PERFECT TO SAY THAT SOMETHING WILL BE ENDED, COMPLETED OR ACHIEVED BY A PARTICULAR POINT IN THE FUTURE Example : You have seen that movie many times TYPES OF FUTURE PERFECT FUTURE PERFECT WITH WILL EXAMPLE: YOU WILL PERFECTED YOUR ENGLISH BY THE TIME YOU COME BACK FROM THE U.S. FORM AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE SUBJECT HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT WILL HAVE PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT WILL NOT HAVE PAST PARTICIPLE WILL/WILL NOT LET'S HOPE THE VOLCANIC ERUPTION WILL HAVE FINISHED BEFORE WE ARRIVE ON THE ISLAND I WON'T HAVE FINISHED THE WORK WHEN SHE ARRIVES WILL YOU HAVE GONE WHEN THEY ARRIVE? FUTURE PERFECT WITH "BE GOING TO" FORM AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE am/is/are subject
+ going to have PAST PARTICIPLE SUBJECT am/is/are
going to have SUBJECT am/is/are not
going to have past participle past participle Uses of Future Perfect COMPLETED ACTION BEFORE SOMETHING IN THE FUTURE By next november, I will have received my promotion FORM AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE AM/IS/ARE SUBJECT GOING TO HAVE SUBJECT AM/IS/ARE SUBJECT AM NOT/IS NOT/ ARE NOT GOING TO HAVE GOING TO HAVE •Gerson is probably going to have completed the proposal by the time he leaves this afternoon •I am not going to have finished this task by 6 o'clock. •How many countries are you going to have visited by the time you turn 50? Example: You are going to have perfected your English BY THE TIME YOU COME BACK FROM U.S Duration Before Something in the Future •By Monday, Fabio is going to have had my gun for a week. Duration Before Something in the Future •I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave. Let's hope the volcanic eruption will have finished before we we arrive on the island By the time you get home , I will have cleaned the house from top to bottom Although people are now angry about what he did , I'm sure that his behaviour will soon have been forgotten PERFECT VERBS WE USE PERFECT VERBS TO DESCRIBE EVENTS THAT HAPPEN BEFORE THE MOMENT OF FOCUS To date , MARK HAS TAKEN FIVE DAYS OFF FROM WORK FOR VACATION When I last spoke to my mother, she had sent me a letter, so she didn't want to repeat her news over the phone By this time tomorrow, even more acres of the rain forest will have been destroyed
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