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LifeSpan Perspective

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by

Jon Rosenfield

on 13 August 2014

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Transcript of LifeSpan Perspective

Piaget
4 Cognitive Stages
Vygotsky
Learning to use inventions of society
Formulating the Life Span Perspective
Characteristics
Lifelong
Multidimensional
Multidirectional
Plastic
Multidisciplinary
Contextual
No
age period
dominates development
Biopsychosocial:
Biological Processes
Genetic Inheritance
Physical Development
Neurological Function
Socioemotional Processes
Changes in Relational Style and Capacities
Cognitive Processes
Intellectual Capacities:

Use of Language
Linking of Concepts and Physical Reality
Capacities both expand and contract across the lifespan.
Developmental processes are malleable, but it ways that are variable throughout the lifespan.
How is this reflected in "Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behavior, and cognition"?
Biology
Neuroscience
Chemistry
Physics
Philosophy
Linguistics
Economics
Anthropology
History
Sociology
of the Lifespan Perspective
What are some
examples of this?
How might these disciplines relate to the
study of
Psychology?
Ecologic
Chronologic
Bronfenbrenner
Baltes
Non-Normative
Life Events
Normative
History-Graded
Normative
Age-Graded
Life Stage
Historical Cohort
Unique Individual
Experience
Conceptualizations of Age:
Chronological Age
Biological Age
Psychological Age
Social Age
Contemporary
Concerns

Health and Well Being
Parenting and Education
Sociocultural
Contexts

Social Policy
SocioEconomic Status
Ethnicity / Race
Gender / Sex
Developmental
Issues
Nature / Nurture
Stability / Change
Discontinuity /
Continuity
Theoretical
Perspectives

Psychoanalytic
Cognitive
Behavioral
Ethological
Ecological
Social Cognitive
Emphasis on
early life stages and
unconscious processes
Freud
Psychosexual Stages
Erickson
8 Stages of Development
Emphasis on conscious thought processes and adaptive capabilities
Memory Strategies
Language
Math
Strong emphasis on Nurture > Nature
Behavior > Cogition
Emphasis on scientific observation
Skinner
Operant Conditioning
Formulation of behavior/thoughts/feelings through social observation
Dynamic relationship between
behavior - cognitions - environment
Bandura's
social cognitive model
Emphasis on biology/evolution
Critical early attachment as demonstrated by Lorenz and Bowlby
Development reflects the influence of environmental systems
No single theory can explain all of human development
Each theory has contributed to our understanding
Eclectic orientation selects from each theory whatever is considered its best features
What are some reasons that these periods are disproportionately emphasized?
Ongoing dynamic interaction
Full transcript