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Presentation for Intermodal Logistics

elena isac

on 1 May 2010

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Transcript of FINAL VERSION

History Intermodal Ship-railway transport in USA Alexandru Valcov, Anna Rumyantseva, Elena Isac, Max Piper, Usman Ramay Characteristics of USA Comparison in EU, USA and Asia Acts and Policies Hub network Regional intermodality > Third largest country in the world 9 826 675 sq. km
> Largest national economy
> High self-sufficiency
> Central position in NAFTA
> Growth of large national corporations and limited role for freight forwarding

Its history dates back to the 18th century,
as old as the railways themselves. The first containers were used for coal shipping on the Bridgewater Canal in England
('loose boxes') 1780s 1841 1911 1984 IRON containers,
to move coal from the vale of Neath to Swansea Docks 'LIFT VAN', type of covered container used for moving furniture
- US millitary first introduced the pallets

- truck trailers were moved on rail in an arrangement called "piggyback", originaly from Germany (1822)

- TOFC enhanced competitiveness of the railways

- had a fast growth development

- encountered resistance from trucking industries

- acquired the reputation as being slow and inefficient
- containers initiated the transformation of land-water cargo flows, even if railways were reluctant to intermodal transport

- in the light of underdevelopment of piggyback, investments in intermodal were limited

-ISO standards - DOUBLE STACK rail transport

- introduced by the American President Lines (APL)

- rising to the rate of nearly 70% of US intermodal shipments

world war II 1960s all this facilitated the development of intermodal transport Main characteristics: > industry and market-driven
> the government acts as a convener and catalyst
Intermodal Surface Tranportation Efficiency Act of 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of the 21st Century (TEA-21)
Further: Safety, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act (SAFETEA-LU) with a total funding 244.1$billion for highway, highway safety and public transportation it is the largest investment in transportation in the Nation's history

"..To produce a safe and sustainable transportation system that is international in reach, intermodal in form, intelligent in character and inclusive in service." Container traffic is aglomerated Hubs are selected: - they should be 1000km apart
- where markets generate sufficient traffic Causes - economies of scale
- technology WEST coast EAST coast Reasons:
> Land was made available for acquisition and development
> Transloading, 20 -25% inventory reduction
Southern California has far surpassed all the other US ports Further improvements:
> Extending hours of marine terminals
> Increasing the use of on-dock rail to reduce the amount of traffic
> Change the on-dock paradigm from a carefully stowed train to a conveyor belt of containers
Problems of the major port complexes:
> New York/New Jersey, Hampton Roads, Charleston, Savannah and Miami - congestion and land scarcity
> The Gulf coast ports - limited potential for expansion
Port of New York- growth of 8-10% per year.
Rail intermodal into the US Midwest is growing by 15-20% per year. Suggestions:
> Transportation improvements.
> Future-oriented concepts, such as automated container trains or overhead conveyors
> Improvement of ports efficiency and productivity April 28th, 2010 1. Characteristics of the USA
2. History
3. Comparison of EU, USA and Asia
4. Acts and Policies
5. Hub networks trend
6. Regional intermodality
7. Conclusions
Outline Conclusions References Abbasi, M.F., 1996. U.S. Intermodal Freight Transportation. Michigan: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Michigan State University U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.
Absolute Astronomy, 2010. Intermodal Freight Transport. [Online] Available at: http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Intermodal_freight_transport.
Anon., 2005. Cost Analysis of the U.S. Intermodal System. Autoridad Del Canal De Panama.
Association of American Railroads, 1997. Railroad Facts. [Online] Washington D.C.
ATA Statistics Department, 1997. American Trucking Trends.
Brown, T.R. & Hatch, A.B., 2002. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center.
CBS Interactive Inc., 2010. Intermodal Freight Transport. [Online] Available at: http://www.search.com/reference/Intermodal_freight_transport#History.
Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. North America: USA. [Online].
Douglass B. Lee, J. & Gay, K., June 2004. Benefit-Cost Evaluation of a Highway-Railroad Intermodal Control System (ICS). Cambridge, MA: U. S. Department of Transportation, Volpe National Transportation Systems Center.
Dr.Rodrigue, J.-P., 2010. American Intermodal Rail Traffic, 1990-2009. [Online] Available at: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch3en/conc3en/USintermodalrail.html [Accessed 23 April 2010].
Horn, B. & Nemoto, T., 2004. Intermodal Logistics Policies in the EU, the U.S. [Online] Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10086/16054.
New York State Department of Transportation, 2010. What is TEA-21? [Online] New York.
Slack, B., 2010. Intermodal Transportation in North America and the Development of Inland Load Centers. [Online] Routledge Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0033-0124.1990.00072.x.
United States Department of Transport, 2005. A Summary of Highway Provisions in SAFETEA-LU. Federal Highway Administration.
Waters, D., 2007. Global Logistics, New Directions in Supply Chain Management. London: Kogan Page Limited.
William DeWitt, J.C., n.d. Intermodal Freight Transport. [Online] Available at: http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:in3QSZVpRK8J:www.trb.org/publications/millennium/00061.pdf+paper+on+intermodal+transport+in+us&hl=en&gl=de&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESivqG9J1kWmqt_tdNeDh1795MCxG7MK3-I5cWZMG_xvJu5iuSsjlDUCmHpFVZb0AZZwlkZek_3FmV-2QvcbsNGgJ [Accessed 18 April 2010].

http://www.promit-project.net/images/Transport.png Present

Growth of intermodal freight volume 2003 to 2020
85 %
Rod Slater, the former Transportation Secretary 1. Continuos growth of intermodal transport in the US

2. High self-sufficiency

3. Significant difference between intermodality in US and EU
(technology, policies, hub network..)

4. Industry and market-driven
THANK YOU ! - advantages:
reduction of damage in transit
increase in cargo security
decrease in transportation cost
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