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Victorian Era: Alfred Lord Tennyson

Poems and More!
by

Sarah L.

on 5 November 2012

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Transcript of Victorian Era: Alfred Lord Tennyson

By: S^4 Victorian Era Alfred Lord Tennyson Welcome
to the
Victorian Era Background 1830-1900

Acts as a foil to the Romantic period & provides a link to Modernism

Emphasized:
Social conformity & repression
Social & industrial change
Disproving God’s existence through scientific evidence
Control of nature. Poetry Sonnets!
--> Modernism

Female authors
Emily Bronte
Elizabeth Browning
Christina Rossetti

Male poets:
Alfred Lord Tennyson
Oscar Wilde (sound familiar?)
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Matthew Arnold All About Al' Died: October 6, 1892 Childhood Born in Lincolnshire, England

Had an unhappy childhood
Father was bitter & disappointed in his life
The fourth child out of twelve
Family history of mental breakdowns

Wrote as a means of escape Young Adulthood First poems published in 1827
"Poems by Two Brothers"

Went to school at Trinity College in Cambridge
Met Arthur Hallam

Father died & left them with nothing

Wrote another volume in 1832
“The Lady of Shallot”
“Mariana in the South” – received badly Influences French Revolution

The Industrial Revolution
England’s landscape changes
Ideals shift from nature to the manipulation of nature.

New scientific finds
Example: Charles Darwin
Pushes out religious views Hallam died --> Emotional
1850 Wrote "In Memoriam A.H.H."
w/ elegies such as “Break, beak, break”

Went to treatment center for depression
Last stay in the Hydropathic center was in 1848

"In Memoriam" republished & brought major success

Became Queen Victoria’s poet laureate - after Wordsworth’s 1850 death The Good. The Bad. And the Ugly. The Married Life Married Emily Sellwood in 1850
Had two sons: Hallam & Lionel

Moved to the Isle of Wight in Nov. 1853
Emily loved the seclusion at Farringford ...Tennyson did not

Became interested in the Crimean War by reading newspapers
1854 Wrote "The Charge of the Light Brigade” out of admiration Born: August 6, 1809 "The Charge of the
Light Brigade" Historical Background The Crimean War England vs. Russia
Over Ottoman Empire
Lord Raglan October 1853 – February 1856 Battle of Balaclava Lord Cardigan
October 25, 1854 The "Blunder" Mis-Communication!

The Plan: Lord Raglan wanted army to fight a retreating auxiliary force

What Actually Happend: Lord Cardigan ordered army to fight front-line Russian forces Consequences 118 men killed
127 wounded
About 60 taken prisoner

Reputation:
Army went up
Leadership went down

No individual takes blame 1830 - 1900 Written 1854 First Stanza Half a league half a league,
Half a league onward,
All in the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred:
'Forward, the Light Brigade!
Charge for the guns' he said:
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred. Second Stanza 'Forward, the Light Brigade!'
Was there a man dismay'd ?
Not tho' the soldier knew
Some one had blunder'd:
Theirs not to make reply,
Theirs not to reason why,
Theirs but to do & die,
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred. Third Stanza Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon in front of them
Volley'd & thunder'd;
Storm'd at with shot and shell,
Boldly they rode and well,
Into the jaws of Death,
Into the mouth of Hell
Rode the six hundred. Fourth Stanza Flash'd all their sabres bare,
Flash'd as they turn'd in air
Sabring the gunners there,
Charging an army while
All the world wonder'd:
Plunged in the battery-smoke
Right thro' the line they broke;
Cossack & Russian
Reel'd from the sabre-stroke,
Shatter'd & sunder'd.
Then they rode back, but not
Not the six hundred. Fifth Stanza Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon behind them
Volley'd and thunder'd;
Storm'd at with shot and shell,
While horse & hero fell,
They that had fought so well
Came thro' the jaws of Death,
Back from the mouth of Hell,
All that was left of them,
Left of six hundred. Sixth Stanza When can their glory fade?
O the wild charge they made!
All the world wonder'd.
Honour the charge they made!
Honour the Light Brigade,
Noble six hundred! Works Cited "Alfred Tennyson." Victorian Poets Before 1850. Ed. William E. Fredeman and Ira Bruce Nadel. Detroit: Gale Research, 1984. Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol. 32. Literature Resource Center. Web. 2 Nov. 2012.

"Poet's Corner:Explanation: "The Charge of the Light Brigade"" Gale: Cengage Learning. Gale, n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2012. <http://www.gale.cengage.com/free_resources/poets/poems/charge_ex.htm>.

"Poetry Analysis - Charge of the Light Brigade Essay." BookRags. BookRags, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2012. <http://www.bookrags.com/essay-2004/5/12/22473/2585/>.

"The Charge of the Light Brigade." Enotes.com. Enotes.com, n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2012.

"The Charge of the Light Brigade." The Charge of the Light Brigade. EyeWitness to History, 2008. Web. 04 Nov. 2012.

"Victorian Poets." Poet Seers. n.p., March, 2012. Web. November 1, 2012.
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