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Transcript of HTML
Using Text Editors
HTML documents can be created using a text editor such as Notepad or Simple Text.
Knowing how to save and open Web documents in a text editor is essential.
Using your browser and text editor at the same time allows you to view your Web page as it is created.
Starting Your Text Editor
A text file is a document that contains only letters, numbers, and symbols.
A text file does not have any formatting (bold, italics, and so on) except tabs and hard returns.
Text files can be created and edited using a text editor.
Text editors open and save text in ASCII (text-only) format.
Files created in a text editor can be read by almost any computer program since they do not contain formatting commands.
Notepad and Simple Text are text editors.
Your First Web Page
Understanding proper HTML syntax (or rules) is essential for creating HTML documents.
Structural tags must be used in every HTML document.
Browsers and text editors allow you to create, save, and view your Web pages.
Understanding HTML Syntax
Codes used in creating HTML documents are called tags.
The following is a list of rules you need to remember when creating HTML documents.
Tags are always enclosed in left (<) and right (>) angle brackets.
Another name for brackets is wickets.
For example, the <HTML> tag indicates the beginning of an HTML document.
Tags can be uppercase or lowercase.
For instance, <BODY> , <body>, <Body> are all correct.
However, tags are usually uppercase to make identifying them easier.
No extra spaces can be inserted within a tag.
For example, < / BODY >, </BODY >, and </B ODY> are all wrong.
Tags that need to be turned on and off are called container tags.
For instance, </HTML> marks the end of the document.
Tags are closed using the forward slash (/).
Tags that are used by themselves are called empty tags.
For instance, <BR> indicates a line break.
Empty tags do not need to be turned off, so the forward slash(/) is not used.
HTML documents basically consist of three sections:
1. Header - includes the title of the document.
2. Body - includes the main text of the document.
3. Footer - includes the author and date revised.
Using HTML Structural Tags
Certain tags should appear in every HTML document.
These tags are called structural tags.
Structural tags are listed below:
<HTML> and </HTML>
The entire HTML documents must be between these tags.
<TITLE> and </TITLE>
Identifies the HTML document to the reader.
<BODY> and </BODY>
Defines the body of an HTML document.
All document information must be between these tags.
<HEAD> and </HEAD>
Defines a header for the document.
Includes information such as the title of the Web page, comments and create date.