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Gothic Horror

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Kiara Winslade

on 26 May 2014

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Transcript of Gothic Horror

Gothic Horror
Frankenstein is a novel written by British author Mary Shelley about the eccentric scientist Victor Frankenstein, who creates a grotesque creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. Frankenstein is infused with some elements of the Gothic novel and the Romantic movement and is also considered to be one of the earliest examples of science fiction.
Dracula
What is
Gothic Horror?
Gothic Literature
Its origin is attributed to the English author Horace Walpole, with his 1763 novel ' The Castle of Otranto. Gothic Literature originated in England in the second half of the 18th century and had much success in the 19th as witnessed by Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" and the works of such as Edgar Allen Poe. Another of the well known novels in this genre, dating from late Victorian era, is Bram Stoker's Dracula.
Historical Context
Gothic Literature originated from England. By the eighteenth century in England,
Gothic
had become synonymous with the Middle Ages, a period which was in disfavor because it was perceived as chaotic, unenlightened and superstitious.
Gothic Conventions
Murder - Ruined Castles
Death - Graveyards
Suicide - Romanticism
Demons - Sleep, dream,
Ghosts - death-like state
Gloomy Setting - Damsel in distress
Family Secrets
Curses
Torture
Secret Corridors, passageways, or rooms
Gothic horror, or Gothic fiction, is a genre or mode of literature that combines fiction, horror and romanticism. The effect of Gothic horror feeds on a pleasing kind of terror. Melodrama and parody were other long-standing features pf the Gothic Horror first initiated by Walpole.
Gothic Architecture
12th - 16th Century
Ideas about the Gothic period and its architecture was often used by Gothic novelists. architecture itself played a role in the naming of Gothic novels, with many titles referring to castles or other common Gothic buildings. Also with many of them in ruins, evoking 'feelings of fear, surprise, terror and confinement." this setting of the novel, a castle or religious building, often one fallen into disrepair, was an essential element of the Gothic novel.
Metonymy of Gloom
The main metonymy of Gothic horror is the one of gloom and terror.

Metonymy is a subtype of metaphor, in which something (like rain for example) is used to stand for something else (like sorrow or misery). Both literary and the film industry likes to use metonymys as a quick shorthand, so for example, we often notice that it is raining in a funeral scene.
More example of Metonymys

- Howling Wind
- Blowing Rain
- Lights in abandoned rooms
- Sighs, Moans, howls, eerie sounds
- Doors suddenly slamming
- Thunder and lightning
- Crazed laughter
- Baying of Distant dogs (or wolves)
- Ruins of building
- Footsteps approaching

Importance of Setting
The setting is greatly influential in Gothic novels. It not only evokes the atmosphere of horror and dread, but also portrays the deterioration of its world. The decaying, ruined scenery implies that at one time there was a thriving world. At one time the ruins, castle or landscapes was something treasured and appreciated. now all that lasts is the decaying shell of a once thriving dwelling.

Archetypal Characters
The Gothic hero becomes a sort of archetype as we find that there is a pattern to their characterization. there is always the protagonist, usually isolated either voluntarily or involuntarily. then there is the villain, who is the epitome of evil, either by his (usually a man in classic) own fall from grace, or by some implicit malevolence. The "Wanderer" that's found in many Gothic tales, is the epitome of isolation as he wanders the earth in perpetual exile, usually a form of divine punishment
The Castle of Otranto
Horace Walpole published what is generally recognised as the first gothic novel almost two and a half centuries ago. The Castle of Otranto (1765) created a confluence of terror that has mutated and endured ever since. The book was inspired by his reconstruction of his home and that of a nightmare that he'd had.
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker, author of the novel "Dracula," was born in Dublin, Ireland. After overcoming a childhood filled with health problems that frequently left him bedridden, Stoker graduated from college in Dublin. He then worked for the Irish Civil Service while writing theater reviews for a Dublin newspaper on the side. His drama reviews brought him to the attention of Sir Henry Irving, a well regarded actor of the Victorian era who has been said to have served as an influence for Stoker's Count Dracula. He published several horror novels in the 1890's before the debut of his most famous work, "Dracula," in 1897. Bram Stoker died at the age of 64 on April 20, 1912, in London. He published other novels after “Dracula,” but none achieved the same level of success.
Narrator
The novel is composed of a series of journal entries, letters, newspaper articles, and memos. Stoker presents the novel as a series of supposedly "real" documents – the reader is given just the facts of the case, written out by the people who experienced the events directly. This narrative technique puts the reader in the position of a judge or jury (or both): we hear the evidence of a variety of different eyewitnesses, and we're supposed to interpret the evidence as best we can.
Gothic Conventions in Dracula
"Dracula" is one of the best examples of Gothic literature for several reasons. Its themes of death and decay, fear, supernatural, and the idea of passion/ irrationality over reason and rational thought, and behavior make it an excellent illustration of this literary genre.
The mood Stoker used in writing "Dracula", and his setting in gloomy London or the dark, forbidding forests of Transylvania also clearly goes along with these conventions. the whole point to these conventions was to instill fear and forboding into reader.
Dracula
The main basis storyline of Dracula is that of a young Englishman named Jonathan Harker who travels through Transylvania on a business trip. He is there to aid Count Dracula, a Transylvanian nobleman, in buying an English estate. Although initially he is charmed by the Count's generosity and intelligence. Gradually, he comes to realize that he has become a prisoner in Dracula's castle, and that the Count is a demonic being who plans to prey on the teeming masses of London. whose blood he needs to survive.
Adaptations
The vampire genre as a whole has proved to be box-office gold in Hollywood. In 1994, Anne Rice’s 1976 novel “Interview with the Vampire: The Vampire Chronicles” was made into a hit movie starring Tom Cruise and Brad Pitt. And also the newly released tv show 'Dracula' 2013 starring Jonathan Rhys Meyers. All of these adaptations differ and in a way, rip of the origingal writing piece by Bram Stoker.
Activity
Rewrite the passage below describe the scene in your own way



"But my very feelings changed to repulsion and terror when I saw the whole man slowly emerge from the window, and begin to crawl down the castle wall over that dreadful abyss, face down, with his cloak spreading out around him like great wings"
The clip below is from the movie Dracula by Bram Sroker which was made to directly show the book setting and theme. This scene is one of the most popular scenes in the book. it depicts where he first saw the Count acting other than human
By ... Kiara Winslade
The End...
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