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Transcript of Human Trafficking
Background + Proof of Legitimacy
International Case Studies
Of the 2.7 million trafficked an estimated 1.4 million come from Asia and the Pacific; many of these people from Thailand
Thailand is an example of a country that is a source for trafficked victims as well as a transit point and destination country.
Migrants, ethnic minorities, and stateless people in Thailand are at a greater risk of being trafficked than Thai nationals
experience withholding of travel documents, migrant registration cards, and work permits by employers
Human Trafficking and prostitution in Thailand grew extensively after 1960
Many believe the growth was due to the American soldiers who went to Thailand on leave while fighting the Vietnamese war, who fueled the internal sex trafficking industry
Many people face conditions such as statelessness, poverty, lack of education, awareness and employment, or dysfunctional families
Corrupt government authorities and lack of laws against child pornography/prostitution
Economy is weak, Human Trafficking allows for cheap labor and money from the sex trade which fuels the economy
Source, Transit & Destination Country
Many woman trafficked from Thailand to Japan, Malaysia, South Africa, Bahrain, Australia, Singapore, Europe, Canada and the United States for sexual and manual labour exploitation
Many men are also trafficked for commercial fishery, farm, industrial and construction labour
Perfect transit country because it is accessible by water and center of many Asian countries
Come from Burma, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos
Destination country for men, women and children from Burma, Cambodia, Laos, China, Russia and Uzbekistan
Children trafficked for commercial sex industry, and forced labour in begging, fishing, and fish processing
Women for sex industry as well as labour
Men used in sweatshops
One of the leading African Countries for Human Trafficking for both cross border and internal trafficking
Listed by the UN as one of the top eleven origin countries for modern day slaves
Estimated each year 45,000 Nigerians, mostly women and girls, are trafficked to Europe alone
In Italy more than 60% of prostitutes are found to be Nigerian and in Britain more than 80% of African trafficking victims found are Nigerian
Why is it happening here?
Decades of military regimes have led to the violation of human rights and severe political, social and economic crises
Oil boom in 1970's also created more opportunity for migration both inside and outside the country; created avenues for international trafficking of women and children for forced labour and prostitution
In Nigeria it is common for girls to marry men 12 years older to them when they are only 15
Many husbands will also sell their wives to be trafficked (usually because there wife is to young to have children and seen as defective)
Some are trafficked from Nigeria to other West African countries to work on farm plantations or as domestic servants
Mostly women and children are trafficked to Europe and North America for Domestic Work
Lack of laws and/or enforcement of laws in the country, traffickers face low risk of arrest, persecution, or consequences and a corrupt judicial system
Some women have been internally trafficked to work as household helpers
In many instances children, usually girls, are sold into trafficking by their parents
Orphans are also easy victims
Mostly a destination country
RCMP estimated roughly 800 foreign trafficking victims are brought to Canada each year
According to Canada's leading researcher on Human Trafficking, Benjamin Perrin, the majority of victims found in Canada come from Romania, the Philippines, Moldova and China
In several instances victims rescued have been minors
Human trafficking only became a criminal offense in Canada in November 2005
Canadian RCMP has had success in identifying foreign victims, but has done poorly in bringing traffickers to justice
On an international level Canada has also done very poorly in helping to prevent the issue, although they were one of the first countries to sign the Anti-Trafficking Protocol created by the United Nations in 2000
When victims are found in Canada majority of the time they are just deported back to their home country with no other help or counseling and many end back up in trafficking
1. Do Nothing
2. Raise Awareness
3. Increase Funding for Law Enforcements
4. Increase Funding for Impoverished Areas that are the Source Countries for Human Trafficking
Hope that the issue fixes itself
Many countries are in fact do this
So far the issue is increasing from a lack of involvement
Many NGO's see this as being the most effective and easiest solution to implement
The more people who understand the issue, the less prevalent the issue will be
Why do you think awareness is an effective solution after learning a little about the issue?
How it can be implemented
Seminars and meetings for public (Human Trafficking Awareness Partnership Inc.)
Integrated education in educational institutions
Awareness campaigns (such as UN Blue Heart Campaign)
What are the positive and negatives of such campaigns?
Would a social media be an effective way to raise awareness?
First there must be a law in countries for human trafficking. If the law is not there then there is no way to prosecute or try to solve the issue in a country.
If laws are in place the law enforcements need to be more aware of the issue and how to stop it from occurring or escalating.
For example, patrolling areas of prostitution and making sure their is no illegal activities occurring.
Border control officers need more education about what to look for.
Just like for drug control or gun control, special units should be created to help stop human trafficking as it is the second largest criminal industry in the world.
Funding will most likely need to come from taxes.
This is particularly why awareness and education of the severity of the issue is an important first step to the solution. If people don't understand how severe the issue is they will not want to put there tax money into helping to stop the issue.
Problem = How can countries already struggling with tax money for basic social programs get funding to train law officials?
A main cause for human trafficking is poverty. People looking for a better life get deceived into the industry. This is due to a lack of education and people looking for a way out of their current poverty.
One way to stop trafficking is to increase funding for the source countries for trafficked victims. The money could be used to help educate people about Human Trafficking, as well as give them an alternative way to make money.
Programs to help those caught in Human Trafficking is also an effective solution
A lot of the times illegal immigrants who were trafficked into a country get deported back without and counseling or help and become re-victimized
Internship programs could help these people from being trafficked again
Again money would be needed to make this possible, most likely from taxation or donations
What is Human Trafficking?
Modern Day Slavery
The exploitation of humans for manual or sexual labour
Use of deception