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Timeline

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by

Shawna Downs

on 8 January 2014

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Transcript of Timeline

1685-1689
1787
1607
Timeline
Salem Witch Trials
Conflict:
Limitation of woman's rights, social tensions, strained relations with Native Americans, and religious fanaticism led to the bizarre Salem Witch Trials. Salem girls were wrongfully accusing other woman as being witches which drew attention to social and religious tensions.
French and Indian War and
Proclamation of 1763
Conflict:
The growing French empire in North America collided with the expansion of the British empire. This war was the 4th war between France and Britain for control of North America.
Land Ordinance of 1785 and
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Conflict:
The Continental Congress had to face the question of how to govern the public lands west of the Appalachian mountains and north of the Ohio River.
Articles of Confederation
Conflict:
The states were hesitant to unite under one strong central government.
Great Compromise
Conflict:
Delegates faced the issue of giving fair representation to both large and small states.
Three- Fifths Compromise
Conflict:
Representation based on population raised the question on whether or not slaves would be counted as part of the Southern population. Southerners said yes while Northerners said no.
Unit One: Colonial America
Glorious Revolution
Conflict:
King James II wanted the colonial government to be more obedient so he sent Sir Edmund Andros to be their single ruler. Within weeks Andros made many enemies.
Unit Two: Confederation, Constitution, and Compromise
Jamestown Colony
Bacon's Rebellion
Conflict:
The Jamestown Colony had a disastrous start in 1607. The colony suffered from disease due to contaminated water, hunger, and colonists who were unaccustomed to a life of labor so they refused to work.
Compromise:
John Smith took control of the settlement. He held the colony together by forcing the colonists to farm. Smith then persuaded the nearby Powhatan Indians to provide them with food.
How it shaped Economics and Culture:
By forcing the colonists to farm the land John Smith helped shape agriculture and farming into their way of life. He also came to good terms with the nearby Indians and adopted some of their culture by eating the food they provided and by learning from them.
Compromise:
King Charles's attention was brought to Berkeley's government. The governor was recalled to England to explain himself even though he died before meeting with the king.
Conflict:
Nathaniel Bacon rebelled against governor Sir William Berkeley and created an army in September of 1676. They marched on Jamestown to confront colonial leaders about their lack of representation in the House Burgesses. The march turned violent and the rebels set fire to the town while Berkeley and numerous planters fled by ship.
How it shaped Politics:
The wealthy planter class clung more tightly to power. The rebellion exposed the growing power of the colony's former indentured servants.
Puritans and Pilgrims
Conflict:
Church members of the Church of England felt that the church was holding onto too many Catholic rituals and traditions and felt the church needed to be reformed.
Compromise:
Puritans and Pilgrims fled for New England in hopes to create a "holy" community and escape persecution in 1629.
How it shaped Politics and Culture:
They signed the Mayflower Compact which stated the purpose of their government and pledged loyalty to their king. Although they did not create a democracy they gave the right to vote to not only stock holders but to all adult males who belonged to the Puritan church.
Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson
Conflict:
Hutchinson was a great threat to strict Puritans because she taught that worshipers needed neither the church nor ministers to interpret the Bible for them. Williams said that the settlers had no rights to the land and felt that every person was free to worship on his or her own conscience.
Compromise:
The Puritan leaders banished the two dissenters. Roger Williams in 1636 and Anne Hutchinson in 1638.
Stono Rebellion
How it shaped Culture:
Some people began to see that they didn't need the church to worship the Holy Spirit and left the church. Williams negotiated with the Narragansett tribe for land where he set up his new colony Providence where he guaranteed seperation of church and state as well as religious freedom. Many of his followers settled there and so did thousands of other white settlers.
Conflict:
The conflict began in September of 1739 when 20 slaves gathered at the Stono River with weapons and killed several planters and their families.
Compromise:
A white militia surrounded the group causing the two groups to fight. This ended in many slaves dieing during the fight, and the remaining were later executed.
How it shaped Economy and Culture:
As the Southern colonies grew they became dependent on slavery for their growing agricultural economy. The North and South were becoming to have distinct economic distinctions.
Compromise:
Parliament invited William of Orange to England and he and his wife Mary were offered the throne. Parliament passed laws that established its power over the monarchs. In Massachusetts colonists rebelled against Andros and restored the colonies back to their original status.
How it shaped Politic and Culture:
Under the new charter, which was granted in 1691, the king was in charge of appointing the governor of Massachusetts, there was more religious toleration, and non-Puritans were represented in the colonial assembly.
Compromise:
Realizing the false accusations and evidence they had been hearing, officials closed the court.
How it shaped Culture:
The Salem Witch Trials of 1692 caused many people to question witchcraft. During the 1700s people began to change the way they viewed the world which ultimately led to the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening.
Treaty of Paris
Compromise:
The British won. To keep Native Americans at ease Parliament passed the Proclamation of 1763 which kept settlers from settling west of the Appalachian mountains.
How it shaped Politics:
This angered settlers because they had just been fighting for the right to move West and now the government was taking that right away. The colonies and Great Britain started to disagree and dissatisfaction will soon turn into rebellion.
Conflict:
Britain passed the Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, and Intolerable Acts as well as enforced martial law on the colonists. People became angry and war for independence broke out.
Compromise:
The Patriots won and the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783 which confirmed the independence of the United States and set boundaries for the new nation.
How it shaped Politics and Culture:
A new nation was born and with that comes changes in laws, government and way of life for the people who live there.
By: Shawna Downs, Megan Veit, and Haylie Jones
1783
Compromise:
The Continental Congress proposed a new type of government in a set of laws called the Articles of Confederation. This new form of government was called a confederation.
How it shaped Politics:
This was the first form of government used by the new nation and helped in figuring out which type of government the United States should be run by. It helped political leaders to figure out what worked and what didn't work for the country.
Slave Trade
Checks and Balances and
Electoral College
Bill Of Rights
Compromise:
The Land Ordinance of 1785 established a plan for surveying the land and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 divided the land into territories.
How it shaped Politics, Economics, and Culture:
The establishment of new territories created more spaces for education, religion, and farming. People could claim land and start a farm, build school, and churches. New political positions became open for governors of new territories as well.
Compromise:
The Great Compromise was purposed by Roger Sherman. It offered a two house legislature which pleased both large and small states as well as those who favored government by the people and states rights.
Compromise:
The Three-Fifths Compromise said that three-fifths of a states slave population could be counted. This settled the political issue but not the economic issue of slavery.
Conflict:
Slaveholders, especially in the South, feared that if Congress had power to regulate foreign trade, they might do away with the slave trade.
Compromise:
A law was passed that prevented Congress from interfering with the slave trade for at least 20 years.
Unit Three: The Rise and Fall of Federalism
Conflict:
Many states were hesitant to ratify the Constitution without having a bill of rights.
Compromise:
The first ten amendments were made to the Constitution which are known as the Bill of Rights.
How it shaped Politics:
The Constitution and all ten amendments are still highly used today and protect the citizens.
Conflict:
The delegates feared one branch of government may become stronger and more powerful than the others and that presidents would be chosen based on region but also voted for unwisely by common people.
Compromise:
The system of checks and balance was established to prevent one branch of government to become more powerful than another. The electoral college was established to make sure presidents were chosen wisely and not solely by the common people.
How it shaped Politics:
The system of checks and balances as well as the electoral college are still used in today's government.
How it shape Politics:
The two house plan, which included the House of Representatives and the Senate, made way for the 3 branch system we use in today's government because it started the idea of separation of powers.
How it shaped Economics:
Since Congress could not interfer with the slave trade the slaves kept coming in. This helped boost the agricultural based economy in the south and strengthened it.
How it shaped Politics and Culture:
The three-fifths compromise shaped culture in the south because it promoted slavery because slaves could be counted as population which would give the Southerners more representation in the House of Representatives.
1789
Judiciary Act of 1789
Jay's Treaty
Alien and Sedition Acts
Conflict:
Congress had to first tackle the problem of how to create the judicial system. The Constitution failed to spell out the details.
Compromise:
The Judiciary Act of 1789 provided the Supreme Court with a chief justice and 5 associate justices. It also set up federal circuit and district courts and most importantly it allowed federal courts to appeal state court decisions.
How it shaped Politics:
The Judiciary Act created the judicial system which we still use in today's government to run our courts.
1798
Conflict:
Dispute between the US and Britain about who would control the land west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Compromise:
John Jay signed a treaty with Britain that the British agreed to evacuate their posts' in the Northwest Territory after Britain heard about the victory of the Fallen Timbers.
Unit Four: Nationalism, Sectionalism, and Expansion
Unit Five: Civil War, Reconstruction, and Redemption
Primary Source
Democratic- Republican Party Forms
Conflict:
Tension between Jackson and Adams during the 1824 election made the republican party split.
Compromise:
The Democratic- Republican party was formed by Jacksonians, followers of Jackson, and did what they could to sabotage Adams's policies.
How it shaped Politics:
The split of the Republican party led to the splitting off and creation of more political parties. The Democratic- Republican party was the forerunner of today's Democratic party.
Dorothea Dix and Reform
Conflict:
Prisons and asylums were mistreating the mentally ill and had horrible living conditions.
Compromise:
Laws were passed that aimed in improving conditions.
How it shaped Culture:
Dorothea Dix and other prison reformers suggested hope for everyone and the idea of rehabilitation and treatment.
Conflict
: Conditions for all works deteriorated in the 1830s.

Compromise
: During the 1830s trade unions from different towns joined together to establish standardized wages and conditions throughout each industry.

How it shaped Economics
: Workers were given better conditions which made the work place better and boosted the economy.
Nationals Trades' Union
1830s
Fort Laramie Treaty
Conflict:
Native American groups were continuously attacking American settler.
Compromise:
The US government gave the indians control of the central plains, the land east of the Rocky Mountains to the Arkansas River north to Canada. In return Native Americans wouldn't attack anymore settlers.
How it shaped Culture:
The treaty between the Natives and the government caused the Natives to be more friendly to the settlers and create friendship.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Conflict:
The US wanted the Texas, New Mexico, and California territories from Mexico.
Compromise:
Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande border for Texas and secede New Mexico and California. The US paid $15 million for the land.
How it shaped Economics:
The treaty gave the US more land and resources for trade and opportunities for settlers.
Compromise of 1850
Conflict:
There were many controversies between slave and free states over the issue of slavery.
Compromise:
The compromise admitted California as a free state, Utah and New Mexico could decide on their own, Texas- New Mexico boundary was resolved, ban of selling slaves in DC, and the Fugitive Slave Act was put in place.
How it shaped Culture:
The compromise of 1850 angered a lot of Northerners who wanted to see an end to slavery. This got the abolitionist movement underway.
Personal Liberty Laws and the Underground Railroad
Conflict:
The North was infuriated by the Fugitive Slave Act.
Compromise:
Personal liberty laws were passed in the North which forbade the imprisonment of runaways slaves and guaranteed them a trial with jury. Abolitionists developed a network of people who would aid slaves in escaping, it was called the Underground Railroad.
How it shaped Culture
: This was the beginning to giving the slaves their personal liberty rights.
The states were hesitant to ratify the Constitution unless they were given a Bill of Rights to guarantee their rights.
Secession and the Border States
Conflict:
Confederate states began to secede from the Union which split the U.S. in two.
Compromise
: After the war, the Confederacy surrendered at the Appomattox Court House.
How it shaped Politics:
The United States was slavery free as the Amendments (13-15) came into act and the African Americans began to gain their rights.
How it shaped Politics:
This treaty settled the disagreement of who would control West of the Appalachian Mountains.
Conflict:
Anti-French feelings flourished and many federalists believed that french agents were plotting to overthrow the us government.

Compromise:
Federalists push congress to pass four measures known as the alien and sedition acts, they raised residents requirements for citizenship, allowed the president to deport or jail aliens, and set fines and jail terms for anyone who attempted to hinder the operation of the government.

How it shaped Politics
: In today's government we have laws for immigrants who come into the Untied States, this was the first of these laws and what started them.
The Bill of Rights protects the rights of citizens and prevents the federal government from misusing its powers.
It shaped our government because even though it was ratified in 1791 it is still used in today's government, as well as in many court cases.
Full transcript