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Medieval Myths, Magic and alchemy
Transcript of Medieval Myths, Magic and alchemy
-The art of producing illusions as entertainment by the use of sleight of hand, deceptive devices, etc.
-The use of this art: Magic, it was believed, could drive illness from the body.
-The effects produced: the magic of recovery.
-Power or influence exerted through this art: a wizard of great magic.
In the Middle Ages Witchcraft was feared throughout Europe. Some say that there are two different types of magic: Black Magic and White Magic. Black Magic was related more with the devil and had satanic symbols. White magic had Christian Symbolism that had to do with nature and herbs. White magic was believed to be used for spells such as: love, health, good luck and wealth.
People thought that witches caused harm to society by causing accidents, illness, bad luck, death and even infertility. Witchcraft was mostly hated by the christians and their church. Constantly they thought that witches had to do with the devil. Not soon after the Christian church started a campaign to get rid of the witches and started a witch hunt. It lasted 75 years. Almost 80% of the accused were women. Witchcraft had all the more reason to exist in the medieval times when human knowledge was at an underdeveloped stage and there appeared to be no other solutions to day-to-day problems.
-A form of chemistry and speculative philosophy practiced in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance and concerned principally with discovering methods for transmuting baser metals into gold and with finding a universal solvent and an elixir of life.
-Any magical power or process of transmuting a common substance, usually of little value, into a substance of great value.
When the catholic church declared a silent war against every person that studied philosophy, spiritualism and science great alchemists used a disguise to keep the church in the dark. Alchemists made society think that they were studying ways to make wealth. When in fact they were looking for the philosopher's stone, an elixir of life that would bring immortality.
The Alchymist, In Search of the Philosophers' Stone by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1771
-There are over 100 alchemical formulas.
-Many alchemists have claimed to have made alchemical gold.
-People thought that alchemists were partners with the devil.
-In the 14th century alchemy became more accessible to people outside the bounds of Latin speaking scholars and churchmen.
-A traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event, with or without a determinable basis of fact or a natural explanation, especially one that is concerned with deities or demigods and explains some practice, rite, or phenomenon of nature.
-Stories or matter of this kind: realm of myth.
-Any invented story, idea, or concept: His account of the event is pure myth.
-An imaginary or fictitious thing or person.
-An unproved or false collective belief that is used to justify a social institution.
Myth: The death penalty was a frequent happening in the Middle Ages.
When in fact the death penalty was an extremely severe penalty and was only used in the worst cases such as treason, arson and murder.
Myth: Bibles were locked away to keep the people from the 'true word'.
At the times of the Middle Ages all books had to be hand-written and was a very difficult task and was left to monks in the monastries. These books were very valuable and had to be locked away.
-Starving the poor-
Myth: The poor were kept in a state of near starvation.
But this is completely untrue. Peasants would get to eat fresh porridge and bread daily. Also dried meats, fruits, cheeses, vegetables, chicken, ducks, pigeons and geese.
Medieval grimoires held random collages collected from different manuscripts. They're not all on the same topic but they held a sole purpose of achieving power, wealth or the love of a woman/man.
Alchemy in the Middle Ages was a mixture of science, philosophy and spiritualism. At the heart of medieval alchemy was the idea that all matter was composed of the four elements earth, air, fire and water. It was thought that with the right combination of elements that you could create any substance on Earth. An achievement made by the medieval alchemists was making hydrochloric acid, potash, nitric acid and sodium carbonate.
The philosopher's stone or stone of the philosophers is a mythical alchemical substance said to be capable of turning base metals such as lead into gold or silver. It was also believed that it was an elixir of life. The Philosopher's stone was the central symbol of the mystical terminology of alchemy, symbolizing perfection in itself, literacy and heavenly paradise.
The Emerald Tablet, a key text of Western Alchemy, in a 17th-century edition. ----->
Robin Hood was the most famous outlaw and also one of the most favourite myths of Medieval times. He supposedly live in the Sherwood Forest with his band of merry men. Although there is not much evidence some people say that the story of Robin Hood was based on real people and events.