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Drama Terms

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by

Richie McColm

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of Drama Terms

Accent
Way of speaking used in a local area or country
Articulation
Clear pronunciation of words
Aside
A remark to the audience only
Audience
People watching a drama
Auditorium
The area for the audience, generally filled with seats
Avenue
Audience seated on two sides of the acting area
Backcloth
Canvas cloth which covers the back of the stage: can be painted
Backstage
Non-acting area behind the stage
Balance
Keeping an even distribution of weight
Barndoors
Adjustable metal flaps attached to the front of a fresnel spotlight for shaping the beam of light
Blackout
The acting area is
not
lit
Slow fade to
The lighting/sound is faded out slowly
Fast fade to
The lighting/sound is faded out quickly
Snap to
Blackout is achieved instantly
Blocking
Deciding where and when actors will move on stage
Body Language
Messages given by the position or movement of the body
Centre Stage (CS)
The centre area of the stage
Centre Stage
Left
(CSL)
The left hand centre side of the acting area as the actor faces the audience
Centre Stage
Right
(CSR)
The right hand centre side of the acting area as the actor faces the audience
Character
Specific person in a drama
Characterisation
The process of fully developing a character
Clarity
Clearness of the voice
Comedy
A drama which is funny/comical
Conventions
Alternative ways of presenting
parts
of a drama
Tableaux
Freeze Frame
Soliloquy
Monologue
Flash Forward
Flash Back
Slow Motion
Movement
Frozen Picture
narration
Voice Over
Aside
MIME
Costume
Clothes worn by actors for their character
Creating
The process of developing a drama’s content and roles through practical exploration, experimentation and problem solving
Crossfade
To change from one lighting cue to another with no blackout in between, or to change from one sound cue to another with no silence in between
Cue
A signal for an actor to do or say something, or for a lighting or sound effect to begin or end
Dance Drama
A drama presented through dance moves
Dialogue
A conversation between two or more characters
Docu-drama
A documentary style drama, including reconstructions of events
Dramatic Irony
Actions or remarks whose significance is not realised by all the characters
Dress rehearsal
Final rehearsal of a drama with all the
theatre arts
Emphasis
The stress on a word or phrase
Audience seated at one end – acting area at the other
End On
Facial Expressions
Look on face which shows emotion
Flashback
Acting out an event in the
past
Flashforward
Acting out of a
future
or
imagined
event
Flats
Wooden frames, joined together and covered with canvas, which can be painted
Flies
Area above the stage from where scenery/actors are flown in on pulleys
Flood
Lantern giving a wide spread of light
Fluency
Natural, flowing speech
Focus
Key moment, scene, character, relationship or event in a drama
Focussing
Positioning the lanterns to get the desired lighting
Follow spot
Powerful profile used to follow actors around the acting area
Evaluate
To judge the strengths and weaknesses of a drama
The overall style of a drama
Form
comedy
tragedy
a play
MIME
monologue
docu-drama
movement
musical
pantomime
dance-drama
forum-theatre
Forum Theatre
The audience suggest changes to a drama in order to affect outcomes
Freeze frame
The action is frozen in time
Fresnel Spot
Lantern giving a soft edged beam of light
Front of House
(FOH)
Any job in the theatre which involves dealing with the audience
e.g. box office, refreshments, usher
Gauze
See-through material which cannot be seen through when lit from the front, but can be seen through when lit from behind
G-
clamp
Clamp used to secure lantern to lighting bar or stand
G
e
l

Film

placed
in
front
of a
lantern

to

change

the

colour

of

the

beam
Gesture
Movement of the hand or arm which communicates a meaning or emotion
Gobo
Thin metal plate cut out in a pattern and placed in a lantern to project pattern or shape into the acting area
This...
makes...
this
A Ground Plan is a birds eye view of the set
COSTUME
and
MAKE UP
costume
Costume which reflects clothing from a time in history
PERIOD COSTUME
CREPE HAIR
Plaits of artificial hair which can be cut and trimmed
to form eyebrows, moustaches and beards
COSTUME
and
MAKE UP
Two people have just limped across the field.
Choose one and describe their appearance.
(5 marks)

As a make up artist how would you create
the look of this character for the stage?
(5 marks)
SCARRING
LINERS
PERIOD COSTUME
Costume which reflects clothing from a time in history
Imagine that you are going to design Vicky’s look.
Describe her costume and general appearance. (6 marks)
General appearance may include reference to make-up, style
of dress, accessories, colour schemes, materials, fashion sense,
price, sources/brands etc.

There is no need to answer ‘costume’ and ‘general appearance’ separately.

For more than half marks, answers need to go beyond a list of items of
costume or make-up details.
Mark holistically.
5-6 marks = design concept is particularly imaginative and/or striking, detailed and more than just a list.
3-4 marks = a clear design concept emerges at times, but answer is too itemised at the expense of overall impact.
1-2 marks = a weak design concept, over-reliant on listing, little visual impact.
Vicky wants to go into politics. She is seventeen and enjoys reading she has few friends. –most are older than her
TOOTH VARNISH
Used to create the look of a missing tooth
by blacking out an existing one
STIPPLE SPONGE
Type of clay used for altering the shape of the nose
or chin and/or making warts and wounds
NOSE PUTTY
MAKEUP
Glue used to attach hair to the face
SKULL
CAP
Plastic head-shaped covering
to give appearance of baldness
LATEX
Liquid rubber which can be
used to make skull cap
moulds and false noses
FAKE BLOOD
Plaits of artificial hair which can be cut and trimmed
to form eyebrows, moustaches and beards
CREPE HAIR
costume
SPIRIT GUM
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