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Introduction to Psychology Study Guide Ver. 1
Transcript of Introduction to Psychology Study Guide Ver. 1
Study human body
into smaller structural units
5 Major Modern Schools of Thought in Psychology
1. Psychoanalytic - Frued
Classical - Pavlov & Watson
Operant - Skinner
3. Cognitive - Piaget & Vygotsky
4. Humanistic - Maslow & Rogers
David Buss - contempory
Introduction to Psychology
Frued's 5 Psychosexual Stages
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
study of people.
: naming/classifying - empiricism
- causes of behavior
- forecasting behavior
- altering human condition
(alter conditions that influence behavior)
father/founder of Psychology
1879 Lepzig, Germany
Est. 1st Psychological Laboratory
Est. Psychology as science
Patterned after Physiology
Thought is free flowing
"stream of consciousness"
Functionalism gave rise to modern applied psychology
Grand-daddy of Psychology
Not a scientist
invented talk therapy (psychoanalysis)
foundation for psychology
coined term "Hysteria"
missed anesthetic properties
cigars -> cancer
Told daughter Anna when pain was too much, it would be time. -> lethal injection
special bond with mother
"My Golden Haired Siggy"
Sexuality was repressed
women had no voice
sustenance + nurturing
nailbiting, smoking, thumbsucking, toothpick
Control the Sphincter Muscle
Anal Retentive Personality
Anal Expulsive Personality
hold onto everything
wide open to everything
Horney extrapolated from Oedipal Complex
The female child is attracted to the father. She wants to covet the father. She is loving and desirous of the father
she fears reprisal from the mother in the form of coming and stealing away her babies. So fearing reprisal she abandons her desire for her father and forms a same sex bond with the mother through which she learns the appropriate feminine gender role in society.
The male child is attracted to the mother. He wants to covet the mother. He is loving and desirous of the mother
he fears reprisal from the father in the form of castration. So fearing reprisal, he abandons his desire for his mother and forms a same sex bond with the father through which he learns the appropriate masculine gender role in society.
Same Sex Friendships
social & emotional development & values
Reawakening of sexual roles
Who am I? values, ethics
begin to question parent's values
"Anatomy is destiny"
You have Phallus > You don't have phallus
clitoris = broken penis
women envy men - phallus
Nature v. Nuture
effects the development of the organism?
- wax tablet
"Freedom of individuals to author their own soul"
mind is born with ideas
Freud's 3 Dynamics of Personality
100% self gratifying
Id will get what it wants!
Id and Superego
* Balancing dynamic
Ensure Id gets what Id wants but in a manner consistent w/ superego.
beat yourself up
1. Unconscious Mind
2. Dream Analysis
- transfer your feelings onto the therapist
- therapist transfers feelings onto client
4. Free Association
2. Preconscious Mind
- tip of the tongue
- slip of the tongue
3. Conscious Mind
"Freud Lives in the unconcious domain"
"Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select--a doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even into beggarman and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations and race of his ancestors."
Experiments w/ Animals / Laboratory
held white mouse, struck w/ rod
generalized fear to anything white
instead of taking him through extinction phase
kept experimenting on him.
B. F. Skinner
Foremost American Psychology Theorist
receiving a positive stimuli
removal of a negative stimuli
- continuation of behavior
- discontinuation of behavior
Cognitive School of Thought
Reach the same stage of cognitive development at the same age
Name Age Significance
3. Concrete Operational
4. Formal Operational
egocentric (early), intuitive (later)
time, space, volume, number
Intellectual, abstract, theoretical, hypothetical thinking
"in your head"
Zone of Proximal Development
framework or temporary support
stand on it
work with someone w/ knowledge base,
step by step process
having already learned a concept you have a mastery of knowledge.
"In the Zone"
Schools of Thought