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WWI Communication

Humanities Assignment

tom broden

on 18 August 2016

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Transcript of WWI Communication


How important was Communicating during WW1?
What types of Communication were
used during WWI?
Communication was vital on the World War I battlefield and when it broke down the results could be fatal.

Units at the front line needed to know where their neighbors were, while commanding officers working behind the lines could only control their men if they had a reliable source of information.
1. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/pigeons_and_world_war_one.htm
2. http://www.btinternet.com/~allan.isaacs/trench.html
3. http://how-to-x.info/1184737-types-of-communication-during- wwi.htm
4. http://www.kidport.com/reflib/usahistory/civilwar/communication.htm
5. http://www.articleonlinedirectory.com/513850/the-history-of-communication-in-the-military-and-how-it-has-changed-in-the-past-200-years.html
All pictures from Google Images
Video is from youtube . (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2hOAArvt7NQ)
Fought between 1914 and 1918, WWI took place on a massive scale.

The men who served in the conflict used various methods of communication.

Some used the most up-to-date technology of the time while others dated from more historic conflicts.
More Info
There were many different ways that men tried communicating with one another during battles:

-Carrier pigeons


-Telephone (hard wire)

-Finally if those failed there would be "Runners" with commands from HQ to the front, or visual communication from one to the other.

In a battle situation they provided a way of getting vital information to commanders when telephone lines were absent or broken.

Pigeons proved to be an extremely reliable way of sending messages.

Over 100,000 were used in the war with an astonishing success rate of 95% getting through to their destination with their message.
Radio's were widely used during WWI.

Armies used mobile radio devices capable of transmitting and receiving , but the bad thing about them was that they were bulky, often too fragile for trench life and had a very limited range.
Telephone (Hard Wire)
Telephones allowed units on different parts of the WWI battlefield to communicate with eachother.

Long wires linked the telephones with each other via switchboards. The system was reliable as long as the wires remained intact.
When an army advanced, a team of soldiers would bring the telephone line forward and set up communication posts in the trenches captured from the enemy.
Dogs / Runners

Dogs were used as messengers and proved to be as reliable as soldiers in the dangerous job of running messages.

A trained dog was faster than a human runner, presented less of a target to a sniper and could travel over any terrain.

Above all, dogs proved to be extremely reliable if they were well trained.

In the heat of a battle, there was even less of a chance of a runner getting through as the enemy's artillery was likely to be pounding your front line and the area behind it.
During World War I, another type of communicating was by using humans as 'Runners'.

'Runners' were the fastest soldiers that had to run as fast as they could from the trench to send a message to the others without getting shot. It was very risky.
More Info
Humanities Assignment
By: Wally EL-Hawli 9c
How were Pigeons used for communicating during WWI?
The Positives and Negatives
of Communicating during WWI
Advances in communication allowed faster contact between commanding field officers.

The development of telephone and wireless (radio) systems allowed instant front-line reports and quick decisions.

However, phone lines, which had to be laid in each new location, were easily damaged by the artillery, and the wireless radios were heavy and difficult to move.

Despite the increasing use of communication, soldiers still acted as runners to relay information.
Gallipoli Movie
''The Runner''
Full transcript