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Lahore History And Architecture

Wazir Khan Mosque
by

Nabeel Ashfaq

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of Lahore History And Architecture

This mosque is significant because of its extensive surface decoration, glazed mosaics and fresco paintings.

It is still largest Jamia mosque of Walled City.

In this respect, It is one of the most beautiful mosque in sub-continent & no other Mughal monument is comparable to it.

Enormous scale of these decorations provides us best examples of Mughal architectural ornamental and decorative techniques.

The mosque is the incorporated with 22 shops into its ground plan. Wazir Khan Mosque
The mosque is approached from Delhi gate walking through bazaar on the left side.

The mosque can also be approached from Rang Mahal chowk through Kashmiri Bazaar to the east of it. Architectural layout: The mosque is situated on a raised platform and is reached by a flight of steps to the east. 

The Layout of the mosque is in rectangular in plan.

This is the first example in the subcontinent of a purpose built Bazaar which constitutes a key element of the entrance system

The structure of the mosque can be divided into three horizontal planes.

Level 0 comprises the shops on the eastern and northern side.
Much of the mosque is constructed of cut and dressed brick decorated with glazed tile mosaics.. Gallery The mosque was built by Subehdar (Governor) of the Punjab (1041/1632), Hakim Ilm-ud-Din Known as Wazir Khan.

Hakim Ilm-ud-Din had been employed by Prince Khurram (later Emperor Shah Jahan) as a Hakim (Pysician).

Wazir Khan mosque was built in 1044 A.H/1634 A.D. After its completion, the owner built a trust to run the affairs of mosque

He also written a deed in which he willed the income of shops in bazaars will be spent on mosque.

This mosque served as imperial Jamia Masjid, utilized to offer Friday prayers.

Wazir Khan also established a Shahi Hammam and other commercial establishments along the road to the mosque whose income was intended to ensure maintenance for the mosque. Architectural layout and History Material of The Building and its Fabric
The main elements of the mosque complex are:
1) Prayer chamber
2) Courtyard
3) Vestibule and bazaar Plan View of Wazir Khan Mosque Our Group Wazir Khan Masjid Gallery Location Significance The mosque is built with brick masonry and lime mortar and the condition of the building fabric of Wazir Khan Mosque is satisfactory.

lime as the basic binding material, it has the tendency to become stronger with the passage of time due to progressive carbonation of the lime. It has doors on north, south and west with an arched openings.

North and south Extends Bazaar.

The front of Vestibule is decorated with Glazed tiles and Kashi-kari and beautiful calligraphy.

It comprises of two balconies for cross ventilation and light. Prayer Chamber The Central apartment contains Mehraab and Pulpit.

The entire Surface of walls and ceiling is decorated with variety of calligraphic specimens and fresco paintings.

Prayer Chamber is decorated with calligraphy and Kashi-Kari of Floral Designs. 2) Courtyard Courtyard Its Rectangular in shape

Surrounded by cells on three sides

On fourth side is Prayer Chamber

There is a cascade at the centre of southern wall

Four minarets, one at each corner of courtyard.

There lies the shrine of Sayyid Ishaq in basement. Vestibule
3) Vestibule and bazaar Prayer niche decorated with Kashi-kari and frescos Courtyard Vestibule History This spectacular monument was built by the famous Subehdar (Governor) of the Punjab (1041/1632), Hakim Aliuddin in 1634.

Hailing from the Punjab town of Chiniot on the banks of the river Chenab, Aliuddin had been employed by Emperor Shah Jahan as a Physician

Granted with the title of Wazir Khan in 1620. Along with Prince Shah Shuja, Hakim Aliudin was entrusted with the task of bringing the body of the deceased queen Mumtaz Mahal from Burhanpur to Agra to be buried in the Taj Mahal.

He also rendered great service to shah Jahan during various campaigns and became one of the most trusted aides of the emporer.

He was entrusted with the building of the Khwabgah and Hammam-e-Badshahi in Lahore Fort. Shrine of Sayyid Ishaq History Mosque & Kashi-Kari Alluvial silt collected from rivers
It is washed again and again to remove impurities.
Pure clay is put in moulds and sun dried.
Finally painted with colors and put in kiln for baking
Small pieces are collected to form Mosaic. 2 4 5 Kashaan is a name of city in Iran.
Kashi-Kari was originated in Kashaan.
"Kashi-Kari" means Work done in Kashaan. Kashi-Kari Facade of Vestibule is decorated with Kashi-Kari.

The area above Dado is also decorated with the same.

External faces of all four lofty minarets is done with Kashi-Kari.

Interior of Prayer chamber also have few works of same type of decoration. Kashi-Kari at interior of Prayer Chamber Minaret decorated with Kashi-Kari Mosque is Rectangular in Plan.

It is built on elevated Plinth and entered through a high portal

The Plan is divided into three: vestibule, Courtyard and Prayer Chamber.

In the south-east corner of courtyard, there lies Shrine of Sayyid Ishaq. Dome of Shahi Hamaam A higher and projected front of the central prayer chamber kashi kari and decorations done at the entrance portal of the mosque Kashi Kari below the dado level inside the Prayer chamber Kashi Kari on the Exterior of Shrine of Syyidd Ishaq
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