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Anorexia Nervosa

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Sabrina Dhillon

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa
What is anorxia?
Anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by restricting themselves from eating food, has fear of gaining weight, and thoughts of distorted body shape. Individuals with anorexia are known to control body weight commonly through the means of forcing one's self to starvation, excessive exercise, or other weight control measures such as diet pills.
Who can be Affected?
Hila Elmalich
Hila is a fashion model.Her eating disorder had started around the age of 13 when she first became a model. She was 5ft 8 and she weighed 49 pounds. Hila had died at the age of 34 in 2007 because of this eating disorder.
Hila Elmalich
Dieting and Anorexia
Anorexia affects both the body and the mind. It may start as dieting, but it gets out of control. You think about food, dieting, and weight all the time.You think you have distorted body image. Other people say you are too thin, but when you look in the mirror, you see a fat person.
Mental Effects
Before
After
By: Aleana and Sabrina :)
Causes
Other people in your family have an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia that might influence you to do the same
You have a job or do a sport that stresses body size, such as ballet, modeling, or gymnastics.
You are the type of person who tries to be perfect all the time, never feels good enough, or worries a lot.
You are dealing with stressful life events, such as divorce, moving to a new town or school, or losing a loved one.
You are having difficult life experiences such as physical abuse or being bullied while growing up.
Anorexia usually starts in the teen years.Young females are the most common victims of anorexia but males can also have this eating disorder.
Anorexia is a serious and complex illness and usually requires specialist medical care. Treatment for anorexia aims to encourage weight gain and healthy eating habits so that the person achieves a normal weight for their age and height. Treatment is usually most effective when the person positively wants to get better. However, as anorexia is often associated with very complex emotional issues, reconising the underlying causes and learning to cope with them can be the most effective way to treat the illness.
Treatment
Signs/symptoms
Many people with anorexia see themselves as overweight, even when they are starved or are completely out of energy and needs to re-nourish. Eating, food, and weight control become obsessions. A person with anorexia typically weighs her/ himself repeatedly, portions food carefully, and eats only very small quantities of only certain foods.
Emotional and Behavioral Symptoms
Refusal to eat
Denial of hunger
Excessive exercise
Flat mood, or lack of emotion
Social withdrawal
Irritability
Preoccupation with food
Depressed mood
Possible use of herbal products or diet aids
distorted body image, etc.
Physical Symptoms
significant weight loss
dull hair/loss of hair on head
dry,scaly skin
yellowish skin tone
sensitivity to cold temp.
kidney & liver damage
constipation
weak bone structure
low-blood pressure & slower heart rate
muscle cramps
swelling of the hands, feet or face
DEATH etc.
The main guidelines for the treatment of anorexia are:
Your general practitioner should make an early diagnosis of an eating disorder so that those seeking help can be assessed and receive treatment at the earliest opportunity.
Assessment should be comprehensive and include physical, psychological and social needs.
You should expect to receive most care as an outpatient. You can expect to be offered a number of psychological treatments (including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), cognitive analytic therapy (CAT), interpersonal psychotherapy, etc.), provided by a specialist in psychological treatment for eating disorders.
There should be careful monitoring of your physical health to assess your physical risk.
If part of your anorexia involves making yourself vomit, you should be given dental hygiene advice and have regular dental reviews.
If you are a teenager you should be treated in age-appropriate settings.
You should be treated near to home, so that you can maintain your social and occupational needs.
family members should be involved in your treatment and care.
you should be offered an annual health review from your general practitioner.

What's the difference?

Healthy Dieting

Anorexia


Healthy dieting is an attempt Anorexia is an attempt to to control weight. control your life and emotions.

Your self-esteem is based on Your self-esteem is based more than just weight and entirely on how much you weigh
body image. and how thin you are.

You view weight loss as a way You view weight loss as a way
to improve your health and to achieve happiness.
appearance.

Your goal is to lose weight in Becoming thin is all that matters
a healthy way. matters;health is not a concern.
Thanks for listening!!!
Arigato!!! ^_^ >,<
Information By: Sabrina-chan & Aleana-chan

Pics. By: Sabrina-chan & Aleana-chan

Template By:Sabrina-chan

Organized and Edited By:Aleana-chan
If someone you know is showing signs of anorexia, you may be able to help.
What should you do?
Set a time to talk:
Set aside a time to talk privatly with your friend. Make sure you talk in a quiet place where you two wont be distracted.
Tell your friend about your concerns:
Be honest. Tell your friend about your worries about her or his not eating or over exercising. Tell your friend you are concerned and that you think these things may be a sign of a problem that needs professional help.
Ask your friend to talk to a professional:
Your friend can talk to a counselor or doctor who knows about eating issues. Offer to help your friend find a counselor or doctor and make an appointment, and offer to go with her or him to the appointment.
Avoid conflicts:
If your friend won't admit that she or he has a problem, don't push. Be sure to tell your friend you are always there to listen if she or he wants to talk.
Don't give simple solutions:
Don't say, "If you'd just stop, then things would be fine!"
Let your friend know that you will always be there no matter what.
Full transcript