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Key Factors in Talent Development

Talent Identification and Development in Sport
by

Jonny Wathen

on 26 November 2012

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Transcript of Key Factors in Talent Development

You are required to:
1) Describe the factor in your own words.






2) Provide an example of when it could be used within talent development.






3) Method or protocol for application You are required to:
1) Describe the factor in your own words.






2) Provide an example of when it could be used within talent development.






3) Method or protocol for application You are required to:
1) Describe the factor in your own words.






2) Provide an example of when it could be used within talent development.






3) Method or protocol for application KEY FACTORS IN TALENT DEVELOPMENT How could a talent development programme influence this behaviour ? Unit 20: Talent Identification and Development in Sport LO3: Know key factors in talent development in sport Identify five key factors in talent development

Describe each of the key factors and support with examples

Consider each key factor when designing a talent development programme and be able to implement the appropriate methods Lesson Objectives Activity 1:
Task 1 required you to consider five predictors of talent.

In pairs you have 1 minute to see if you can remember all five predictors of talent. Recap & Review How much training is required to become an elite athlete? (In years or hours?)

Talent Development = A long term commitment to practice and training After talent is identified… Context:
Clearly these predictors are equally important factors in talent development. Key Factors in Talent Development Context:
There are a range of physical characteristics that all talented athletes need. These are often used to match individuals to certain sports.

Height
Weight
Muscle Girth
Somatotype Physical Context:
Depending on the demands of the sport different physiological attributes will be desired.

Component of fitness (e.g. Aerobic, Anaerobic, Flexibility, Power)
Muscle fibre type (fast or slow twitch)
Cardiovascular system (efficiency) Physiological Anaerobic endurance
Anaerobic power
Speed
Coordination
Reaction time
Agility Identify the components of health-related fitness
Identify the components of skill-related fitness Physiological Physiological Development Optimal windows of trainability Context:
Parents play a very important part in athlete development. Must be supportive and positive not stressful and pressurised.
Opportunities for deliberate practice
Roles – Parental / Educational / Coach all plan practice
Structure learning / practice = > game intelligence
Skills and techniques of coaches = +ve relationship Factor: Sociological Context:
At elite level there are very little physical and physiological difference between athletes. Individuals must be guided to think positively and take responsibility for their own performance.

Confidence – achievements / goals / targets
Motivation – performance (PB, skill execution, technique) or outcome based (world champion, top ten, podium finish)

Sporting Attitude – ability to cope with successes/failures & anxiety (SCAT TEST)
Role models – coaches / parents / other athletes
Concentration – ability to stay focused
Anticipation – develop situational awareness through experience
Game intelligence – know when to change strategy or approach / decision making Factor: Psychological What are the problems with scouts identifying and developing talented young athletes based on physical attributes alone?

I.e. Only selecting those players who are bigger, faster, stronger? Question: Physical Jankovic et al (1997) suggests younger players with better physiological fitness became elite athletes.

Would you agree with this statement?

Interestingly Franks et all (1999) did not find this trend at E.F.A National Schools 14-16 years of age.

What could be the reason for this finding? Question: Physiological Social class has a significant effect upon participation (Kirk et al 1997). Those from middle class families are advantaged due to higher rates of family income. Children from single parent and ethnic minority groups are especially disadvantaged (English Sports Council 1995).

What could be done about this? Question: Sociological At present there is limited research in terms of psychological testing to identify or develop talent. However research does suggest that programmes should focus resources towards psychological support such as advice or counselling.

Why do you think it is recommended that resources distributed this way? Question: Psychological Name: ____________________________ Factor: Physical You are required to:
1) Describe the factor in your own words.






2) Provide an example of when it could be used within talent development.






3) Method or protocol for application Name: ____________________________ Factor: Physiological You are required to:
1) Describe the factor in your own words.






2) Provide an example of when it could be used within talent development.






3) Method or protocol for application Name: ____________________________ Factor: Sociological Name: ____________________________ Factor: Psychological Name: ____________________________ Factor: Obstacles Williams & Reilly (2000) Activity: In pairs how many can you think of in 2minutes. Use the POST-IT NOTES provided to display your answers. Factor: Obstacles Context: Most athletes have to overcome and cope with high and low points throughout their careers.

Injuries – reduction of risk, rest, planned training
Peer pressure – within/outside, relationships
Parental pressure – financial, sacrifices, unrealistic expectations
Social Isolation – due to commitment, limited time, exclusion
Athlete role ambiguity – balance between athlete + person life
Gender – self esteem, emotions
Age Considerations – male/female development, early/late dev, emotions/feedback/critism Factor: Obstacles Growth and maturation seen through biological, sexual, skeletal and physical maturity
Occurs from conception over first 20 years of life
Measure whole body or individual parts
Height is measured using stadiometers
Anthropometric techniques for individual limbs Height Individual body mass
Measured in kilograms (kg)
Components: Fat Mass (FM) or Fat Free Mass (FFM)

Includes: Adipose tissue, External fat, Muscle, Bone, Vital organs Weight http://www.topendsports.com/videos/category/testing/anthropometry/ Girths are circumference measures at standard anatomical sites around the body, measured with a tape measure. Girth measurements can be used in determining body size and composition, and to monitor changes in these parameters. Muscle Girth Aerobic endurance
Muscular strength
Muscular endurance
Flexibility
Full transcript