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Milans congestion management strategies-->

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chivi Escobar

on 10 March 2016

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Transcript of Milans congestion management strategies-->

Introduction:
Milan is a city in Italy which has one of the highest European rates of car ownership since more than a half of Milan’s citizens use private cars and motorcycles, ranking second after Rome and among the highest in the world.
The city itself has a population of more than 1.3 million, while its urban area is one of Europe's largest with an estimated population of over 4 million. It is spread over 1 980 km² with a consequent population density of more than 2 000 inhabitants/km². The overall mobility totals more than 5.3 million trips per day: 58 per cent are internal to the city area, while 42 per cent are trips between the city and its surrounding metropolitan area
The city ranks third amongst large European cities in its atmospheric concentrations of particulate matter, both in terms of average annual level and days of exceeding the European Union PM10 limit of 50 micrograms per cubic meter.
Because of its air pollution problems and their associated health risks, Milan has launched several measures to try to deal with these issues, including an innovative congestion charge system, called Area C.

What is the problem? - causes for the anti-cogestion scheme
Trafiic management strategies options:
There are many traffic management strategies used worldwide for many cities which mostly have as aim reducing GHG emmissions through reducing congestion, firstly by improving transportation system efficiency and capacity. These strategies have a wide capacity of problems solving associated with drig such as safety, congestion, efficiency and travel time. Some strategies are designed to reduce total and systemic congestion and improve system-wide efficiency and other strategies have a particularly target of problematic areas where improvements could greatly affect congestion, safety, efficiency, and GHG emissions.
Strategies: Traffic signal optimization, ramp metering, incident management, speed limit reduction and enforcement, rounabouts, capacity expansion, resurfacing roads and alternative construction materials
These strategies seek to reduce congestion and promote efficiency through infrastructure improvements
Actual strategie being used:
Area C is a road pricing measure launched by the Municipality of Milan in January 2012 to improve the quality of life of those who live, work, study and visit the city.
Area C is the restricted traffic zone in Milan's center that requires car drivers to pay a congestion charge
The area subject to the congestion charge is called Cerchia dei Bastioni, a Limited Traffic Zone (LTZ) of 8.2 km2, 4.5% of the whole territory of the Municipality of Milan.
effectiveness of strategy
Area C has seen a 28% decrease in road congestion.
24% reduction of all road casualties has been observed between 2011 and 2012, to be compared with an 11% reduction city-wide during the same period.
Polluting vehicles are circulating less in the area: their numbers have decreased by 49%.
less pollution, noise, traffic and know many people can walk and cycle.
we can see how is working until know really good but they would still need continue expanding and they want to do a low emission zone that is similar to the one in london.
who is being affected and when?

Cars entering Area C are detected by a system of 43 electronic gates (7 of which are reserved for public transport vehicles).
Area C is limited on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday from 7:30 to 19:30.
Thursday from 7:30 to 18:00.
57% public transport
30% by cars
7% by motorbike
6% by bicycle
conclusion
I think that the scheme that they are using in Milan is very effective and that i has worked very good until know and it is very importnat that they are also thinking in the future and how will they expand and make different mechanisms of anti-congestion.
how it has been reduced:
Ammonia: -42%
Nitrogen Oxides: -18%
Carbon Dioxide: -35%
Refferences
C40: Milan's Area C reduces traffic pollution and transforms the city center. (2015). C40. Retrieved 7 March 2016, from http://www.c40.org/case_studies/milan-s-area-c-reduces-traffic-pollution-and-transforms-the-city-center
(2016). Hotelfive.it. Retrieved 7 March 2016, from http://www.hotelfive.it/no_area_c.htm
(2016). Hotelfive.it. Retrieved 7 March 2016, from http://www.hotelfive.it/no_area_c.htm
http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/feb/29/cash-cycling-polluted-milan-italy-pay-commuters-bike-to-work
http://www.citylab.com/cityfixer/2015/12/milan-public-transportation-pollution-smog/420639/
http://www.civitas.eu/content/strategic-traffic-management
http://www.c40.org/case_studies/milan-s-area-c-reduces-traffic-pollution-and-transforms-the-city-center
http://www.eltis.org/discover/case-studies/area-c-milan-pollution-charge-congestion-charge-italy
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/climate_change/mitigation/publications/reference_sourcebook/page06.cfm
https://www.comune.milano.it/wps/portal/ist/en/area_c

GOAL!
Milan's congestion management strategies
By: Isabella Valencia & Elisa Arango
vehicular access to the city centre is very complicated and traffic congestion levels are very high
public transport networks- very weak
pollutant emissions caused by traffic
health risk related to air pollution
share of sustainable travel funds modes and weak funds for its further development
The congestion charge Area C started operating in Milan on 16 January 2012 after the positive response of the referendum: the scheme is now in force every working day from 7:30am-7:30pm (with no charge on weekends and public holidays)
The fee is € 5 for all vehicles. The payment allows users to travel for the whole day in the charged area.
Residents have 40 free daily entries per year and from the 41st day on, they have to pay a reduced daily tariff of € 2.
Cars entering Area C are detected by a system of 43 electronic gates (of which seven are reserved for public transport vehicles), equipped with ANPR (Automatic Number Plate Recognition) technology.
Data on environmental pollution are obtained from Environmental Monitoring Stations deployed in the city
The net revenue generated by Area C, based on the first month's data, has been estimated at about € 23.5m of income for 2012, of which nearly € 11.2m was available at 30 June 2012.
All the income from Area C is estimated to be reinvested in projects for sustainable mobility, like: New Park and Ride (Metro Line 3), Improvement of bike sharing system and Public transport (fleet renewal and increased frequency)
Sustainability definition-->
-Sustainability is the capacity to endure; it is how biological systems remain diverse and productive indefinitely.
-Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of sustainable biological systems.
- In more general terms, sustainability is the endurance of systems and processes.
-The organizing principle for sustainability is sustainable development, which includes the four interconnected domains: ecology, economics, politics and culture. Sustainability science is the study of sustainable development and environmental science.
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