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Medical Terminology

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by

Jennifer Stanley

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Medical Terminology

The combining vowel is not used when the suffix begins with a vowel. (neuritis)

The combining vowel is used when the suffix begins with a consonant. (neuroplasty)
Basic Rules for the Combining Vowel
neuro - root word means nerve or nerves
-plasty - suffix means surgical repair
neuroplasty means surgical repair of the nerve
Neuroplasty
pericarditis
leukocyte
hepatitis
neuroplasty
Break down and
define the following
medical terms.
Hippocrates was a Greek physician and is known as the “father of medicine.”

75% of medical terms are based on either Greek or Latin words.
ORIGIN OF MEDICAL TERMS
THE END
Combining form consists of the root word and a connecting vowel to make it easier to pronounce and attach another root word or suffix.

Combining form for heart is cardi

Combining form associated with cells is cyt
Combining Forms
hepat0 - root word means liver
-itis - suffix means inflammation
hepatitis - means inflammation of the liver
Hepatitis
leuko- prefix means white
cyte - root word means cell
leukocyte means white cell
Leukocyte
Pericarditis
Nephritis
Nephr - root words means kidney
-itis - suffix means inflammation
Nephritis - means inflammation of the kidney
The prefix is a part of the word that precedes the root word and changes its meaning.

Often indicates location, time, or number.
Pre - means before
peri- means around
hemi - means half
micro - means small
neo - means new
PREFIX
The Language of the Health Professional
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
Cardi - root means heart.
-ology - suffix means the study of.
Cardiology - the study of the heart.
Cardiology
-itis - means inflammation
-ology - means the study of
-ectomy - means surgical removal-
-plasty - means surgical repair
A suffix is the word ending that follows the word root and changes its meaning.

Often indicates the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease.
SUFFIX
cardi - root for heart
hepato - root for liver
neur - root for nerve
nephr - root for kidney
cyt- root for cell
A root is the foundation or basic meaning of a word.

May appear with a prefix or suffix, or between a prefix or suffix.
ROOT WORDS
Peri - means around
cardi - means the heart
-itis - means inflammation
Full transcript