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family's in ancient rome

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shanah hofer

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of family's in ancient rome

Marriage Becoming a Adult in ancient Rome every girl and boy where expected to get married. girls where usually married around the ages of thirteen or fourteen; boys usually where married in the late teen or even twenties.
The husband was usually chosen for the girl by the father. the law said that if the daughter did not agree with the the marriage it would not take place, but few girls would ever defy there father wishes.
then they would negotiate with the family of her future husband about the dowry; this was a payment (in money property or both) made by the bride's family to the husband.
At the ceremony of engagement, the husband to be made a promise of marriage, and the father of the bride promised on his daughter's behalf; gifts were exchanged, and a ring was placed on the third finger of the girl's left hand, as in many countries nowadays. (There was a widespread belief that a nerve ran directly from this finger to the heart.) Family and friends were present as witnesses, and the ceremony was followed by a party.
if the husband woke up one day and decided he didn't like his wife anymore he could divorce ( to leave to breakup)
In ancient Rome a boy was considered an adult when he received his toga, which was about the age of 15. Girls were considered adults when they reached marriage age, about 14.
boys were often given a bulla (a good luck charm) . By: Shanah Familia's in Ancient Rome Responsibility and rights of family members
Uthe ruler of the family was the oldest male. That could be the father, the grandfather, or even an uncle. His title was pater familias. The pater familias led religious ceremonies, taught his sons how to farm, and made all the important decisions. This word was law as far as his family was concerned. He owned the property, and had total authority, the power of life and death,
Even when his children became adults, he was still the boss. But, he was also responsible for the actions of any member of his household.It was not against the law for the head of the house to put a sick baby out to die or to sell members of his family into slavery.
However, the Romans expected a pater familias to treat his family fairly. There were no laws to stop him from treating them unfairly, but there was social pressure.
woman's job was to take care of the house and to have children.
Mothers who could read and write taught their children how to read and write, and taught her girls how to cook and sew and care for a family.
But women did have some freedom. They could leave their home to shop or see a play or visit a temple. Women who could afford it used slaves to shop and cook. Wealthy women spent a large part of their day on personal grooming - styling their hair, and dressing ornately Children were trained to obey their elders and be loyal citizens. If you talked back, you could find yourself kicked out of your house forever. You could try to go to a friend’s house, but the odds were good that they would not take you in. Basically, if you were kicked out, the odds were very high that you would die. Childbirth The births of the children were the most important events in family’s life. After a child had been born, it was brought and put in front of the father. If he picked it up, it symbolized that he had found it good enough . A child was named when it was 10 days old. At first Roman names consisted of 2 parts, then, in the times of the Republic and later, 3 names where presented.
but in a few cases the father would not pick up the baby that meant that he had found a flaw or something wrong with the baby, that meant the baby would be pout into the streets to die, also if the baby was found to be demented or handicapped in any way it was roman rule to kill it rite away. Roles of Men and Women The men were the masters of the house and the family. During the day, they worked outside of the home.
Rich men had roles very different from the poor men . If you were a rich man, you would have begun your day by putting on your toga and eating a breakfast of bread, cheese, honey, and water. The rich man would then begin his work, which might include writing letters to other Romans, seeing clients, and going to the forum to meet other businessmen.
Poorer men were craftsmen, shopkeepers, or farmers. If you had been a poor man in ancient Rome, you would have started the day at first light. Since you could not afford to buy much food, you would eat only bread for breakfast. The rest of the day included working at the workshop or in the fields.
Women in ancient Rome, like the men, wore long togas made of silk in the summer or wool in the winter. Roman women always wore makeup and jewelry and always fixed their hair to look beautiful. Unlike men, women were expected to stay at home every day so they could complete the chores around the house and watch the children while their husbands were at work. Very few women were allowed to have jobs such as being a teacher or doctor.
Women with wealthy husbands lived differently from those with poor husbands. For example, if you had been a wealthy woman in Rome, you would have usually spent a day planning a dinner party to take place when your husband got home. Poor women in Rome, on the other hand, woke up at the same time as their husbands and worked in the house or fields all day. Usually poor women had to complete a great deal of work since they did not have the money to pay for the help of slaves. Women were not nearly as respected as men in ancient Rome.
Boys and girls in ancient Rome dressed in togas like those of their parents, but usually were short instead of long.
Children of wealthy families in ancient Rome usually started school when they were seven years old. Boys stayed at school longer than girls and learned different things. For example, girls who went to school learned how to spin, weave, cook, and clean so they would be able to care for a house when they were married. Girls of poor families learned all of these things at home since they could not afford to go to school. Almost all boys, except for those of very poor families went to school to learn how to read, write in Latin and Greek, do math, and make speeches. These skills were necessary for boys who wished to get a job in the government. by: Shanah Hofer
I enjoyed researching about family life in ancient Rome and learned alot .
thank you!
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