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Vet Science Prezi - Ball Python
Transcript of Vet Science Prezi - Ball Python
They still inhabit regions of Africa from Senegal, Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin, and Nigeria through Cameroon, Chad, and the Central African Republic to Sudan and Uganda, though they are usually found in West Africa.
They are widespread in other countries as pets. My Habitat Ball Pythons live in grasslands,
savannahs and sparsely wooded areas. They like to live in termite mounds and abandoned mammal burrows. In An Eggshell Females are oviparous, and carry the eggs for about 60 days before laying them. They lay anywhere from 3-11 eggs; 4-6 is the most common amount.
Eggs hatch after 55-60 days of incubation, which the female is in charge of. Females reach maturity at 20-36 months.
Males reach maturity at 11-18 months. http://www.inlandreptile.com/regius/python%20regius.htm http://www.inlandreptile.com/regius/python%20regius.htm http://snakesnmoresnakes.blogspot.com/2009/07/twin-ball-python-hatching-from-same-egg.html http://www.ballpython.ca/gallery/moms.html How Big? Average size for hatchlings is 14''-17'' Sources http://www.a1pythons.com/ball.html Individuals are typically between 3' and 5'. Ball pythons are sexually dimorphic: Females are usually larger than males. Some females get to be as large as 6' in length. The record is around 6' in length. What's For Dinner? In the wild, Ball pythons eat small rodents, such as the African soft-furred rat. Some young individuals even eat small birds. In captivity they tend to eat mice or rats, depending on their size, as either frozen or live. Like other snakes, Ball pythons typically eat every week, depending on their age. Younger snakes are fed more often, usually every four to five days. Am I Useful? Ball pythons are very popular as pet snakes due to their relatively small size (compared to other constrictors) and docile nature. Dangers Could I Hurt You? Could You Hurt Me? Dangers to Ball pythons in captivity include household pets, diseases, parasites, and even the animals they eat. Small children (always overexcited to play with pets) may also be a danger to the snake. Ball pythons are not dangerous. They are generally docile animals. Ball pythons are constrictors. Being bitten will not kill you. Being constrictors, their instinct is to wrap around things. As such it is advised to not put them around your neck. Behind every great name
is a story to explain it. Europe: United States: In the United States, we call Python regius the "Ball Python" because of their defense mechanism. When stressed or threatened, the ball python will curl up into a tight ball. In Europe, the call Python regius the "Royal Python" because supposedly Cleopatra wore one around her wrist frequently. http://ball-pythons.net/gallery/showimage.php?i=29632&c=3 Where could you work with me? So you like ball pythons enough to work with them? Diseases And Parasites Ticks and Mites are a problem and may influence bad shed cycles. Diseases such as mouth rot, blister disease and respiratory infections can occur in ball pythons http://www.captivebredreptileforums.co.uk/ball-royal-pythons/55066-stomatis-mouthrot.html Healing mouth rot in ball python. A severe case of blister disease. http://ball-pythons.net/forums/showthread.php?44237-Blister-Disease I'm a carrier Ball pythons, like other reptiles, carry salmonella bacteria in their intestinal tract. It is highly advised that you wash your hands after holding a reptile of any kind. "Studies have shown that 85% of all turtles, 77% of lizards, and 92% of snakes carry one of the 500 serotypes of Salmonella." -http://www.rcreptiles.com/articles/salmonellosis-and-its-risk-to-reptile-owners.html Behavior Ball pythons curl up into balls to defend themselves when agitated or stressed. Ball pythons are generally very docile animals, which is why they're a favorite among first time snake owners. Adults tend to be more docile than younger snakes. Ball pythons are also nocturnal. Behavior Continued When treated properly, they most definitely get along with humans. They can get along with other ball pythons of similar size, but it is not recommended to keep them with snakes of their own species (unless for breeding) or snakes of other species due to disease risk or one eating the other. What do they travel in? A group of pythons (in general) is called a "pop", or just a "pack" of pythons. Can this really be applied to bally pythons? Sure, if you had a mass of them just chilling somewhere. Do they travel this way? NO. They're solitary. They do not travel together in "pops" or "packs" or "herds" or anything. http://www.sandfiredragonranch.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=25 I Make Noise? Snakes don't really make noises like other animals (ex. barks, whines or what have you) IF the animal IS making noise such as wheezing or coughing, it is probably very sick. However, some owners report older snakes "coughing" every now and then. Lots of Morphs Ball pythons have been bred to have fantastic colors and pattern variations such as: Regular Ball Python http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Python_regius Black eyed Leucistic ball python. This morph is incredibly rare and there are only a handful of individuals in existence. Unless you breed one yourself (good luck) or are willing to give up an arm and a leg, you probably won't get your hands on one. Inferno ball python. Created from the combined genes of four other morphs: hidden gene woma, granite, pastel and yellow belly. Infernos are quite expensive. http://www.worldofballpythons.com/morphs/inferno/ Purple Passion ball python. This morph is created from the Mojave and Phantom morphs. This is also a very expensive animal. http://www.sloanreptiles.co/collection.php?&spec=Ball%20Pythons&id=111 This is a regular piebald (pied) ball python. Many other morphs come in piebald. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Piebald_%28Pied%29_Ball_Python.jpg Orange Ghost ball python. Ghosts are simply morphs with faded color patterns. They are fairly reasonable in price depending on gender and morph. http://www.constrictors.com/Collection/BallPythons/GhostBallPython.htmll And many more I could not add. There are currently around 2089 morphs, with more being created every year. http://www.constrictors.com/Collection/BallPythons/GhostBallPython.htmll What's That On My Face?? Ball pythons have several small "holes" along their upper lip called heat sensing pits. http://www.flickr.com/photos/olduncleme/8103701046/ These pits help them find their prey by their body heat. Ball pythons don't have very good eyesight. Shedding Like other reptiles, ball pythons shed their skin throughout their lives as they grow. This is known as indeterminate growth. You can tell a snake that is about to shed by the following: Eyes are clouded (this is the eye cap scale and it will come off with the shed skin), the skin dulls, the animal may or may not have decreased appetite, and increased nervous or defensive behavior (due to the fact they cannot see). http://www.drsfostersmith.com/pic/article.cfm?aid=813 Snakes begin the shedding process by rubbing their faces against hard surfaces (like rocks) and continue to rub the dead layer of skin until it comes off (in one piece most of the time). The skin comes off inverted (inside out). Interesting Facts Ball pythons in captivity could live for 50 years. The oldest recorded snake lived to be over 48. They are the smallest of African pythons. http://aqualandpetsplus.com/Animal,%20African%20Soft%20Furred%20Rat.htm Keep a nice sized water dish in their bowl. They get most of their fluids from their food, but they do drink and love to soak in the water. http://www.herpireland.com/viewtopic.php?f=56&t=682 Young ball pythons shed more frequently than older ones because they're growing faster. In My Experience In my lifetime I have owned two ball pythons (Lucille, deceased, and Monty) and a 5' Colombian Red Tail (that's a boa). I have only been bitten ONCE. It was while removing Lucy from her feeding tub. It did not hurt at all - I barely noticed it. They are like potato chips; you can't stop at just one. They have over a hundred inward facing teeth. http://www.nigeldownerphotography.com/details.php?image_id=544&sessionid=8128cbb961d2c74325d7d89fc12d7f81 Look at that face! Monty is not incredibly "face sensitive". He lets me pet his head and have my hands near his face because he's lived with me for almost two years. Please do not mistake that for license to wave your hands in his face. You're more likely to be bitten reaching into the cage than any other time/location. Ball pythons are considered symbolic of the earth in the traditional Igbo religion. Even Christian Igbos treat them with respect. If one wanders into a village, it is allowed to roam freely or is carefully moved to a safe location. If one is accidentally killed, many communities still build small coffins and hold funerals for them. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ball_python Mouth Rot: Also known as Infectious Stomatitis/Ulcerative Stomatitis, is caused by viral and bacterial infections, fungus or parasites. It is easily diagnosed by the animal's mouth and nose. Animals with mouth rot cannot close their mouths all the way and salivate excessively. In severe cases, a trip to a reptile veterinarian is required. In less severe cases, home topical medications may be able to help. Blister Disease: Also known as vesicular dermatitis, necrotizing dermatitis, or "scale rot" as in severe cases the animal legitimately has rotting tissues. It is caused by poor enclosure conditions that result in small blisters, which rupture and spread infection. Blister disease can also lead to septicemia (blood infection) which is fatal. You could be: A professional breeder! Work with your OWN pets, breed cool, exotic morphs like Purple Passion or not as rare - but still cool - morphs like piebald. A reptile Veterinarian (a.k.a a herp vet)! Work with nearly every pet reptile under the sun as a veterinarian specialized in reptile care. ....A petco/petsmart employee! Glance at the reptile section once in a while, put the young pythons in that awkward box, feign knowledge about the breed. What Is A Ball Python? A ball python is a relatively short, stocky animal with a small head (and a cute face). Their scales are smooth, with ventral scales being bigger than the rest of their scales. The small scales on their heads are called scutes. Scutes (from Latin for shield) are similar to scales, but they are formed in a different layer of the skin and do not overlap. Sadly ball pythons are hunted for their skin, which isn't very durable, requiring more and more killed animals. So please, don't encourage the slaughter of reptiles (in general) by buying legit reptile skin ANYTHING. Young are called hatchlings. How Did He Do That? Friday when we fed Monty I did not mention just HOW he goes about doing what he does. To start with, unlike many who watched, he didn't find the mouse to be cute. Monty is a constrictor. Constrictors kill by choking the life out of their prey. Those who watched may have seen him tighten around the mouse every so often. Why did he do that? Every time the prey animal exhales, the python squeezes. And he keeps compressing it until it dies from lack of oxygen. But sometimes it's not dead.... Occasionally it is just oxygen depraved to the point where it is no longer conscious. He will eat it anyway. But How Did He Eat It? You may have noticed that that mouse was way bigger than his mouth, right? And he cannot chew his food because his teeth aren't designed for it. So, how did he do it? Snakes in general have several adaptations that allow them to do one of the most amazing things in the animal kingdom. If you had what Monty's got, you could swallow a watermelon. His Jawbone Snake jawbones are loosely attached to the skull with very strong ligaments that allow them to effectively disconnect the jaw from the skull. His skull is also a lot different than other reptiles' skulls. There isn't a whole lot to his skull. That reduction in bone material helps with swallowing prey. Joints in the Jaw Snakes' jaws can dislocate from the top jaw. This allows snakes like Monty to open their mouths 150 degrees! Keep in mind that you can only open yours to 45 degrees. The middle of the lower jaw (where his "chin" would be) is also jointed! That joint allows his lower jaw bones to separate from one another, greatly increasing the size of his mouth. He gets his jaw back in place by yawn-like motions. http://www.szgdocent.org/resource/rr/c-eat2.htm