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Historical Overview Major Figures Bibliography The pictures show that the only thing the LGBT community wants is equality. Historical Overview Summary The year 1969 is often viewed as the turning point in the fight for gay rights. When the NYPD began raiding bars of lesbians it caused several days of riots. It became clear it was time for equality to be established. Many pro gay rights groups began forming and protesting to gain more rights. However it took 11 years until The Democratic National Convention supported gay rights, but the need for protective legislation of these rights was still there. This proved hard to do as many state supreme courts failed to pass many protective laws throughout the end of the 20th century. Progress did come in 2003 when The U.S Supreme Court finally outlawed all Sodomy Laws. Over the early 21st century more laws were passed protecting homosexual's rights, and ultimately in 2010 "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" was repealed. Recently Tammy Baldwin became the first openly gay politician to be elected to the U.S. Senate. "American Experience: TV's Most-watched History
Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.
"Gay Rights and Gay Marriage Timeline: Chronology of Events."
Gay Rights and Gay Marriage Timeline: Chronology of Events. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.
Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. Pro-Gay Rights:
AJ Bockelman, Executive director of PROMO (Missouri LGBT equality program).
Sen. Tammy Baldwin, First openly gay Senator in United States history.
Tony Perkins, former Congressman and current president of the Family Research Council.
Mike Huckabee, former Governor of Arkansas, current Fox News contributor. LGBT Major Events Time Line The United States Supreme Court rules in favor of the First Amendment rights of a gay and lesbian magazine, marking the first time the United States Supreme Court had ruled on a case involving homosexuality. Major Organizations 1958 The first Gay Liberation Day March is held in New York City; The first LGBT Pride Parade is held in New York Kathy Kozachenko becomes the first openly gay American elected to public office when she
wins a seat on the Ann Arbor, Michigan city
council California and Connecticut's supreme court legalizes same sex marriage Wisconsin becomes the first state to outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation. 1980 1970 Pro-Gay Rights:
Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD); organization to prevent discrimination against LGBT people in media.
Human Rights Campaign (HRC); largest LGBT lobbying and advocacy group in United States.
American Family Association; organization promoting a certain set of values contradicting those of LGBT support groups.
Americans for Truth about Homosexuality (AFTAH); campaigns against what they call the, "radical homosexual agenda". President Clinton promises "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" and shortly later passes the law 2008 1993 1974 Major Legislation: Defense Marriage Act (DOMA): 1996, passed by President Bill Clinton
The US's federal Law that defines marriage as the legal union of a women and a man. Under this law, no US state is required to recognize a marriage from another state. Obama administration announced in 2011 that section 3 was unconstitutional, though it will continue to enforce law, it will no longer be defended in court. SECTION 3:In determining the meaning of any Act of Congress, or of any ruling, regulation, or interpretation of the various administrative bureaus and agencies of the United States, the word 'marriage' means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word 'spouse' refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife. "Don't ask, Don't tell" (DADT): 1993
The US's official policy prohibited military personal from being discriminated against or harassed if gay, lesbian, or bisexual. This allowed gays to be openly gay in the military. California, Proposition 8 at Supreme Court: 2008-present
Limiting marriage to only a man and women in the state of California. "Only marriage between a man and a women is recognized or valid in the state of California." -- Violates the guarantee of equal protection. LGBT in the FUTURE.... The Obama administration is slowly but surely taking the steps for equality among homosexuals and bisexuals. Obama stated that section 3 of the DOMA was unconstitutional and will not be enforced in court. Recently, Obama has been calling on the Supreme Court to strike down Proposition 8. The real victory: Proposition 8 failing. As a result, this wouldn't allow individual states to declare the meaning of marriage and hopefully create an equal society. The next step, allow ALL bisexuals and homosexuals to ALL of their rights, whether it's marriage, adoption, workforce, etc... Even today, people are still fighting for their equality. Tammy Baldwin Repeal "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Peaceful Protesting "A.J. Bockelman Bio." A.J. Bockelman. PROMO, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.
Grinberg, Emanuella. "Wisconsin's Tammy Baldwin Is First Openly Gay Person Elected to Senate." CNN. Cable News Network, 07 Nov. 2012. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.
"About AFA." About AFA. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. Connection to Civil Rights Movement of 1960's The civil rights movement lead by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the fight for equal rights towards homosexuals were similar.
Both movements used peaceful protesting
Both movements focused on de jure segregation judging laws Anti-Gay Marriage Parody "Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT) (United States Policy)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.
"Family Research Council." Basic Facts about the Defense of Marriage Act. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.
"The Justices Don't Need to Make Gay Marriage Legal Everywhere. In Fact, a More Modest Ruling Could Be Much More Powerful." Slate Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2013.